Abu Nuwas

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Abu-Nuwas al-Hasan ben Hani al-Hakami
Abu Nuwas.jpg
Janam 750
Persia
Maut 810
Pen name Abū-Nuwās
Kaam Poet
Nationality Persian

Abu-Nuwas al-Hasan ben Hani al-Hakami (750810), nai to Abū-Nuwās, ek Arbii bhasa ke kavi rahaa. Uu Persia me paida bhais rahaa. Uu The Book of One Thousand and One Nights likhis rahaa.

Jawaani ke din aur kaam[badlo | source ke badlo]

Abu Nuwas ke ke baap ek Arbii rahaa jon ki Marwan II ke army me ek sipahi rahaa. Uske Farsi maiya ek weaver rahii. Uske janam Basra, nai to Damascus, me bhais rahaa. Jab Abu Nuwas chhota rahaa tab uske ek Basra ke dukandaar ke bech dewa gais rahaa. Barraa hoe ke uu Baghdad gais jahan pe uu apan kavita ke khatir mashur bhais.

Exile and imprisonment[badlo | source ke badlo]

Abu Nuwas ke uu time Egypt bhaage ke parra jab ki uu ek mashuur Persian political palwaar Barmakis, jiske caliph Harun al-Rashid maar diis rahaa, ke baare me likhis. 1809 me uu Baghdad lautis jab Harun al-Rashid mar gais. Iske baad uu Muhammad al-Amin, Harun al-Rashid ke larrka ke khatir kavita likhe lagis. Nawas ke uu time ke sab se achchhaa kavi maana jaawat rahaa. Baad me Amin ke uske bhaeya overthrow kar diis aur Nawas ke uske liberal kaam ke khatir jahel kar dewa gais.

Translations[badlo | source ke badlo]

  • O Tribe That Loves Boys. Hakim Bey (Entimos Press / Abu Nuwas Society, 1993). With a scholarly biographical essay on Abu Nuwas, largely taken from Ewald Wagner's biographical entry in The Encyclopedia of Islam.
  • Carousing with Gazelles, Homoerotic Songs of Old Baghdad. Seventeen poems by Abu Nuwas translated by Jaafar Abu Tarab. (iUniverse, Inc., 2005).
  • Jim Colville. Poems of Wine and Revelry: The Khamriyyat of Abu Nuwas. (Kegan Paul, 2005).

Aur parrho[badlo | source ke badlo]

  • Kennedy, Philip F. (1997). The Wine Song in Classical Arabic Poetry: Abu Nuwas and the Literary Tradition. Open University Press. ISBN 0198263929.
  • Kennedy, Philip F. (2005). Abu Nuwas: A Genius of Poetry. OneWorld Press. ISBN 1851683607.
  • Lacy, Norris J. (1989). "The Care and Feeding of Gazelles – Medieval Arabic and Hebrew love poetry". In Moshe Lazar. Poetics of Love in the Middle Ages. George Mason University Press. pp. 95–118. ISBN 0913969257.
  • Frye, Richard Nelson. The Golden Age of Persia. p. 123. ISBN 0-06-492288-X.
  • Abu Nuwas. Encyclopædia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9003430.

Notes[badlo | source ke badlo]

  • Note a: Sources vary: Garzanti gives a date of birth of 756 or 758 and a date of death as circa 814,[1] while Dona S. Straley gives circa 756 to circa 810.[2]

Swahili sanskriti[badlo | source ke badlo]

East Africa ke Swahili sanskriti me the Abu Nuwas ke Abunuwasi ke naam se jaana jaawe hae aur ii dher popular hae. Hian pe iske naam dher khissa me Nasreddin, Guba nai to "the Mullah" ke naam se jaana jaawe hae. Ii sab kahani me Abunuwasi dhani log ke trick kar ke gaib log ke madat kare hae.

Tanzania ke artist Godfrey Mwampembwa, Swahili ke comic book likis hae jiske Abunuwasi bola jaawe hae,jisme Abunawasi khissa ke adapt karaa gais hae.[3]

References[badlo | source ke badlo]

  1. Garzanti, Aldo (1974) [1972] (in Italian). Enciclopedia Garzanti della letteratura. Milan: Garzanti. p. 2.
  2. Straley, Dona S.. The undergraduate's companion to Arab writers and their web sites. Libraries Unlimited. p. 30. ISBN 1591581184. ISBN 978-1-59158-118-5.
  3. Pilcher, Tim and Brad Brooks. (Foreword: Dave Gibbons). The Essential Guide to World Comics. Collins and Brown. 2005. 297.