Ii time me Adolf Hitler ke Nazi Party Germany pe raj karat rahaa. Iske Third Reich (German bhasa: Drittes Reich), jiske ke matlab "The Third Empire", bola jaawat rahaa. Nazis log ii batawat rahin ki uu logan pahila empire (the Holy Roman Empire) aur duusra waala 1971-1918 waala Duusra Empire rahaa . Iske official naam (German bhasa: Großdeutsches Reich), the Greater (that is, bigger) German State rahaa.
Nazi Germanynaam World War II ke baad kaam me laae ke Nazi-run aur nawaa peaceful Germany ke antar dekhawa jaawe hae.
Itihaas (mota taur pe)[badlo | source ke badlo]
World War II: 1939-1941[badlo | source ke badlo]
1933 me, jab Hitler, Germany ke neta banaa, tab uu Germany ke army ke fir fir se barrhae lagaa. Jab ke Treaty of Versailles ke niche, Germany ke Air Force rakkhe ke ijajat nai rahaa, uu chuppe chuppe airforce banais aur 1935 me khule duniya bhar ke batais ke uske lage England ke baraabar Air Force hae. Uske army ke 100,000 se jaada hoe ke ijaajat nai rahaa, lekin you chuppe se iske bhi barrhais aur 1935 talak etna taagatwar hoe gais rahaa ki uu aapan army ke Rhineland ilaka me bhejis, jhaa pe uske Treaty of Versailles ke niche army rakkhe ke ijaajat nai rahaa. 1930s me Hitler dusra des pe hamla kare lagaa. Pahile uu, 1938 me, Austria ke aapan niche kar liis. (Hitler apne Austria me paida bhais rahaa.) Iske baad you 1939 me Chekoslavakia ke Sudentland ilaka, jahaan pe dher German logan rahat rahin , ke aapan niche karis. Iske baad you promise karis ki uu aur kuchh nai maangi, lekin kuch mahina baad, puura Chekoslavakia ke aapan niche kar liis. Baad me, 1 September 1939 me uu Poland pe hamla karis jiske kaaran World War II suruu hoe gais. Kaaheki Germany ke army dher barraa aur tagrraa rahaa, uu Poland ke sahaj me aapan niche kar liis. Ii larrai me Poland ke 900000 soldier logan ke maut bhais rahaa.
Hitler continued on and took over France in the Battle of France. Afterwards, on October 12, 1939, Hitler sent a letter to the United Kingdom demanding they surrender and that if they do surrender, the Germans won't do anything bad to them. However, Winston Churchill, the Prime Minister at the time refused and the Battle of Britain began.
The Battle of Britain lasted throughout July to October 1940. The battle resulted in heavy losses for the Luftwaffe (German Air Force), and in early October they retreated back into Greater Germany. Hitler was unhappy and furious with the failure of the Battle and demanded that Britain be taken over one way or another.
In 1941, Hitler gave orders to attack the Soviet Union. The first attack was codenamed "Operation Barbarossa" and went from June 22, 1941 into winter that year. Russian winter is very harsh and many soldiers got sick from the cold weather. Hitler lost 250,000 men, over 2,000 aircraft and over 2,500 tanks until December 5, 1941 when Hitler's soldiers couldn't last longer there and were pushed back by the Russian defenders. Hitler, although a good strategist, had not thought this plan through and ended up losing over 20% of his army of 3.9 million.
After that, the United States, Britain, France, and the Soviet Union teamed up and fought Hitler's army. On April 30, 1945 Hitler killed himself and on 8, May 1945 the war was over. Nazi Germany was taken over by the four allied nations.