Austria

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Republik Österreich
Flag Coat of arms
Jhanda Coat of arms
Des ke jaankari
National anthem: "Land der Berge, Land am Strome"
Log ke baare me
Official bhasa: German
Population:
  - Total: {{{populationtotal}}}
Jagah
country map
Hian pe des ke dunia ke map me dekhawa jaawe hai.
Capital City: Vienna
Sab se barraa City: Vienna
Area
  - Total: 83.858 km² (ranked 112°)
  - Water: 1,3 km² (n/a%)
Politics / Government
Established: 27 July 1955
Leader: President: Heinz Fischer
Economy / Money
Paisa ke naam: Euro
International information
Time ke zone: +1
Telephone ke dialing code: +43
Internet domain: .at

Austria (German: Österreich), sarkari taur se "Republic of Austria", madhya Europe ke ek des hae. Austria ke parrosi des hae Germany, Czechia, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, aur Liechtenstein. Abhi Austria ke chancellor Werner Faymann hae. 1995 se Austria European Union ke sadasya hae.

Austria ke log German bhasa me baat kare hae, lekin aur kuch log Hungarian, Slovenian aur Croatian bhasa me bhi baat kare hae. Austria ke raajdhaanii Vienna (Wien) hae.

Austria, hajaar saal se bhi purana hae. Iske itihaas ninth century se suruu karaa jaae sake hae jab ki pahile Austrain log uu jagha jiske abhi Austria bola jaae hae me aae ke rahe lagin.

Austria, ek democratic des hae jisme nau state hae: Vorarlberg, the Tyrol, Salzburg, Carinthia, Styria, Upper Austria, Lower Austria, Vienna aur Burgenland. Ii ek neutral des hae jon ki 1955 se United Nations me hae.

Itihaas[badlo | edit source]

Purana jamana[badlo | edit source]

Jon jagha pe abhi Austria hae, me bahut din se admii log rahe hae. Pahila settlers Paleolithic age me, Neanderthal log rahin. Uu log kuch works of art, jaise ki Venus of Willendorf chhorr gain hae. Neolithic age, admii log hian rahat rahin mining kare ke khati jaise ki copper. Ötzi, ek mummy ke Austria aur Italy ke biich me glacier me pawa gais hae. Bronze Age me barraa basti aur fortress uu jagha pe banawa gais hae jahan pe resources rahaa jaise ki nimak ke mine Hallstatt ke nachdik.

Romans ke time[badlo | edit source]

Romans log Austria bhar me bas gain rahaa. Uu log shahar banain jisme se khaas rahaa Carnuntum (Vienna ke nachdik), Virunum (Klagenfurt ke north me) aur Teurnia (Spittal an der Drau ke nachdik).

Nawaa jamana[badlo | edit source]

800 se 1918 talak, Austria ek empire rahaa, jiske raja log House of Habsburg ke rahin. Iske baad ii ek republic hoe gais. Pahila republic 1918 se 1938, Second Republic 1945 se rahaa. 1938 se 1945 talak, Austria, Germany ke ek hissa rahaa.

Geography[badlo | edit source]

Austria jaada kar ke pahaarr waala des hae kahe ki ii Alps me hae. Gharb ke uuncha Alps, sharq ke plains me hoe jaae hae.

Austria ke state[badlo | edit source]

State (Bundesland) Capital Area Population [1] Rank
The States of Austria
1 Burgenland Eisenstadt 3,966 km² 280,350 9
2 Carinthia (Kärnten) Klagenfurt 9,536 km² 560,753 6
3 Lower Austria (Niederösterreich) St. Pölten 19,174 km² 1,588,545 2
4 Upper Austria (Oberösterreich) Linz 11,980 km² 1,405,986 3
5 Salzburg Salzburg 7,154 km² 529,085 7
6 Styria (Steiermark) Graz 16,392 km² 1,203,986 4
7 Tyrol (Tirol) Innsbruck 12,648 km² 698,472 5
8 Vorarlberg Bregenz 2,601 km² 364,611 8
9 Vienna (Wien) Vienna (Wien) 414.90 km² 1,660,534 1

Culture[badlo | edit source]

Music and Arts[badlo | edit source]

Dher jaana maana composers Austria ke rahin jaise ki Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Joseph Haydn, Franz Schubert, Anton Bruckner, Johann Strauss, Sr., Johann Strauss, Jr. aur Gustav Mahler. Nawaa jamana me Arnold Schoenberg, Anton Webern aur Alban Berg, Second Viennese School ke rahin.

Austria me dher artist rahin jaise ki Gustav Klimt, Oskar Kokoschka, Egon Schiele or Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Inge Morath aur Otto Wagner.

Khana[badlo | edit source]

Kuch mashhuur Austrian khana hae Wiener Schnitzel, Schweinsbraten, Kaiserschmarren, Knödel, Sachertorte au Tafelspitz.

Mashhuur Austrians[badlo | edit source]

Scientists[badlo | edit source]

    • Ludwig Boltzmann
    • Ernst Mach
    • Christian Doppler
    • Lise Meitner
    • Erwin Schrödinger
    • Wolfgang Pauli
    • Anton Zeilinger
    • Theodore Billroth
    • Sigmund Freud
    • Alfred Adler

Khel aur Entertainment[badlo | edit source]

    • Hermann Maier
    • Arnold Schwarzenegger
    • Falco
    • Franz Joseph Haydd

Austria ke President ke list (1919 se abhi talak)[badlo | edit source]

First Austrian Republic (1918-1938) ke President
No. Naam Picture Born-Died Term of office Party
1 Karl Seitz (President of the Constituent National Assembly to 10 November 1920, then acting president) 1869-1950 5 March 1919 – 9 December 1920 Social Democratic Party
2 Michael Hainisch 1858-1940 9 December 1920 – 10 December 1928 koi party ke nai
3 Wilhelm Miklas 1872-1956 10 December 1928 – 13 March 1938 Christian Social Party
Second Austrian Republic (1945 se abhi talak) ke President
No. Naam Picture Born-Died Term of office Party
1 Karl Renner 1870-1950 29 April 1945 - 31 December 1950 Social Democratic Party
2 Theodor Körner 1873-1957 21 June 1951 - 4 January 1957 Social Democratic Party
3 Adolf Schärf 1890-1965 22 May 1957 - 28 February 1965 Social Democratic Party
4 Franz Jonas 1899-1974 9 June 1965 - 24 April 1974 Social Democratic Party
5 Rudolf Kirchschläger 1915-2000 8 July 1974 - 8 July 1986 Social Democratic Party
6 Kurt Waldheim 1918-2007 8 July 1986 - 8 July 1992 Austrian People's Party
7 Thomas Klestil 1932-2004 8 July 1992 - 6 July 2004 Austrian People's Party
8 Heinz Fischer Heinz Fischer Vienna Oct. 2006 001-cropped.jpg *1938 8 July 2004 se abhi talak Social Democratic Party

Chapa ke gallery[badlo | edit source]

References[badlo | edit source]

  1. "Population statistics". www.statistik.at. http://www.statistik.at/englisch/results/population/population_tab1.shtml. Retrieved 2007-02-24.