Adolf Hitler

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Adolf Hitler
Führer of Germany
In office
2 August 1934 – 30 April 1945
Preceded by Paul von Hindenburg
(as President)
Succeeded by Karl Dönitz
(as President)
Chancellor of Germany
In office
30 January 1933 – 30 April 1945
President Paul von Hindenburg
Preceded by Kurt von Schleicher
Succeeded by Joseph Goebbels
Reichsstatthalter of Prussia
In office
30 January 1933 – 30 January 1935
Prime Minister
Preceded by Office created
Succeeded by Office abolished
Personal details
Born 20 April 1889(1889-04-20)
Braunau am Inn, Austria–Hungary
Died 30 April 1945 (aged 56)
Berlin, Germany
  • Austrian citizen until 7 April 1925[1]
  • German citizen after 25 February 1932
Political party National Socialist German Workers' Party (1921–1945)
Other political
German Workers' Party (1920–1921)
Spouse(s) Eva Braun
(29–30 April 1945)
Occupation Politician, soldier, artist, writer
Religion See Adolf Hitler's religious views
Military service
Allegiance  German Empire
Service/branch Template:Flagdeco/core Reichsheer
Years of service 1914–1918
Rank Gefreiter
Unit 16th Bavarian Reserve Regiment
Battles/wars World War I

Adolf Hitler (20 April 188930 April 1945) ek German politician rahaa, jon ki German Nazi party ke leader rahaa. Uu 1933 me Germany ke Chancellor banaa aur 1934 me dictator ban gais. Uu apne ke Germany ke Führer (leader) maanat rahaa. Uske janam Austria me bhais rahaa aur maut, World War II ke aakhri din me Berlin, Germany me bhais rahaa.

Jab Hitler Gemany ke uppar raj karat rahaa tab Nazi log ek dictatorship banain rahaa , jiske Third Reich ke naam se jaana jaawat rahaa. 1933 me uu logan aapan ke chhorr ke aur sab party ke illegal kar diin. Uu logan ke dusman ke jahel me kar dewa gais rahaa,civil rights ke kamti kar dewa gais aur Jews, Gypsy aur duusra minority logan ke exterminate karis. [2]

Hitler ke janam kahaani[badlo | source ke badlo]

Palwaar[badlo | source ke badlo]

Hitler ke palwaar Waldviertel, Upper Austria ke rahin. Hitler, naam German-speaking Europe me 19th century me bahut common rahaa.[3] Ii naam Czech naam Hidlar nai to Hidlarcek se aais hae.[4]

Jawaani aur uske baad ke jindagi[badlo | source ke badlo]

Hitler as a baby

Adolf Hitler was born on 20 April 1889, as the fourth child of six[5] in Braunau am Inn. This is a small town near Linz in the province of Upper Austria. It is close to the German border, in what was then Austria-Hungary. His parents were Klara Pölzl and Alois Hitler. Because of his father's job, Hitler moved from Braunau to Passau, later to Lambach and finally to Leonding. He attended several Volksschule's. Hitler's mother, Klara Pölzl, was the third wife of Alois Hitler and also his cousin.[6] Hitler's father died in 1903. Hitler failed high school exams in Linz twice. In 1905, he left school without an exam. He became interested in the anti-Semitic (anti-Jewish), Pan-German teachings of Professor Leopold Poetsch. In September 1907, he went to Vienna and took an entrance examination. On 1 and 2 October, he failed the second examination. Hitler went back to Linz at the end of October. In December 1907, Hitler's mother died and, because of that, he was depressed.[7] Hitler's mother was Catholic, but Hitler hated Christianity. He also hated Jews.[8]

In 1909, Hitler again went to Vienna to study art. He attempted to become a student at the Academy of Arts but failed the first entrance examination.[7] Hitler said he first became an anti-Semite in Vienna. This town had a large Jewish community.[9]

In 1913, Hitler was 24 years old. At that time, all young Austrian men had to join the army. Hitler did not like the Austrian army, so he left Austria for Germany. He lived in the German city of Munich.[7]

References[badlo | source ke badlo]

  1. NS-Archiv, 7 April 1925.
  2. Both, Owen (1999) (in German). Der Zweite Weltkrieg. Kaiser. p. 7. ISBN 3-7043-6046-5.
  3. Jetzinger, Franz (1959) (in German). Hitlers Jugend.. Europa-Verlag. pp. 11 f.
  4. Fest, Joachim (1999) (in German). Hitler. Eine Biographie. 2. edition.. Ullstein. p. 43.
  5. Bullock, Alan (1962). Hitler: A Study in Tyranny. Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-14-013564-0.
  6. Ian Kershaw (1998). Hitler 1889–1936. DVA. p. 37.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Toland, John (1977) (in German). Adolf Hitler; Biography 1889-1945. Lübbe Verlag. ISBN 978-3-8289-0540-5.
  8. Alan Bullock; Hitler: a Study in Tyranny; HarperPerennial Edition 1991; p218
  9. Hitler, Adolf. Mein Kampf. Mariner Books. ISBN 978-0-395-92503-4.

Aur parrho[badlo | source ke badlo]

Duusra websites[badlo | source ke badlo]