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Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Democratic Republic of the Congo
'République Démocratique du Congo'
Flag Coat of arms
Jhanda Coat of arms
Des ke jaankari
Des ke motto: Justice  – Paix  – Travail  (French)
"Justice  – Peace  – Work"
National anthem: Debout Congolais
Log ke baare me
Official bhasa: French
Abaadi:
  - Total: {{{populationtotal}}}
Jagha
country map
country map
Hian pe des ke dunia ke map me dekhawa jaawe hae.
Capital City: Kinshasaa
Sab se barraa City: {{{countrylargestcity}}}
Area
  - Total: 2,344,858 (ranked 12th)
Politics / Government
Established: from Belgium in 30 June 1960
Leader: President Félix Thisekedi
Prime Minister Jean-Michel Sama Lukonde
Economy / Money
Paisa ke naam: Congolese franc
International information
Time ke zone: +1 to +2
Telephone ke dialing code: 243
Internet domain: .cd

Democratic Republic of the Congo (French:République démocratique du Congo), central Africa ke ek des hae jiske Atlantic ocean me chhota coast hae. Ii Africa ke tiisra sab se barraa des hae.

Bagal ke ek des Republic of the Congo se differentiate kare ke khatir, Democratic Republic of the Congo ke bahut dafe DR Congo, DRC, nai to RDC, nai to Congo-Kinshasa bola jaae hae uske capital city, Kinshasa ke baad me (Contrast me iske neighbour ke Congo-Brazzaville bola jaae hae).

"Congo" naam Congo naddii se aais hae, aur iske river Zaire bhi bola jaae hae. (Congo naam Bakongo jaat ke naam se aais hae.

Democratic Republic of the Congo ke naam pahile Congo Free State, Belgian Congo, Congo-Léopoldville, Congo-Kinshasa, aur Zaire (nai toZaïre French me) rahaa. Jab ki ii des Central Africa me hae,economically aur regionally ii Southern Africa se affiliated hae aur ii Southern African Development Community (SADC) ke member hae.

DR Congo ke border north me Central African Republic aur Sudan se; east me Uganda, Rwanda, aur Burundi; south me Zambia aur Angola; west me Republic of the Congo aur east me Lake Tanganyika ke uu paar Tanzania hae.[1] Ii des ke samundar se access, Atlantic Ocean se ek 40-kilometre (25 mile) coastline aur nine-kilometre wide mouth of the Congo river jon ki Gulf of Guinea me khule hae, se hae.

Second Congo War, jon ki 1998 me suruu bhaes rahaa, des ke barnaad kar diis, jisme saat des ke army involved rahaa aur jiske kabhi kabhi "African World War" ke naam dewa jaae haai.[2] Ek 2003 me ek peace accord ke sign kare ke baad bhi abhi talak des ke east me larrai hoe hae, jahan pe rape aur duusra sexual violence ke dunia ke sab se kharaab batawa jaae hae.[3] Ii World War II ke baad sab se deadlist hae kahe ki isme 5.4 million log ke maut bhaes hae.[4][5]

President ke suchi[badlo | source ke badlo]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Political party
Took office Left office Time in office

Republic of the Congo (1960–1971)[badlo | source ke badlo]

1 Joseph Kasa-Vubu
(1910–1969)
1960 1 July 1960 24 November 1965
(deposed)
Template:Age in years and days ABAKO
2 Joseph-Désiré Mobutu
(1930–1997)
1970 24 November 1965 27 October 1971[6] Template:Age in years and days Military /
Popular Movement of the Revolution

Republic of Zaire (1971–1997)[badlo | source ke badlo]

(2) Mobutu Sese Seko
(1930–1997)[lower-alpha 1]
1977
1984
27 October 1971[6] 16 May 1997
(deposed)[7]
Template:Age in years and days Popular Movement of the Revolution

Democratic Republic of the Congo (1997–present)[badlo | source ke badlo]

3 Laurent-Désiré Kabila
(1939–2001)
17 May 1997 16 January 2001
(assassinated)
Template:Ayd Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo /
Independent
Joseph Kabila
(born 1971)
17 January 2001 26 January 2001 Template:Age in years and days Independent /
People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy
4 2006
2011
26 January 2001 24 January 2019 Template:Age in years and days
5 Félix Tshisekedi
(born 1963)
2018
2023
24 January 2019 Incumbent Template:Age in years and days Union for Democracy and Social Progress


Chapa ke gallery[badlo | source ke badlo]

References[badlo | source ke badlo]

  1. Central Intelligence Agency, The World Factbook - Democratic Republic of the Congo https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/cg.html Archived 2021-01-02 at the Wayback Machine, 10 January 2006, ISSN 1553-8133
  2. See "Rumblings of war in heart of Africa" by Abraham McLaughlin and Duncan Woodside The Christian Science Monitor 23 June 2004 and "World War Three" Archived 2009-01-11 at the Wayback Machine by Chris Bowers My Direct Democracy 24 July 2006
  3. Prevalence of Rape in E.Congo Described as Worst in World
  4. "The deadliest war in the world". Archived from the original on 2010-06-17. Retrieved 2009-02-03.
  5. Congo War driven crisis kills 45,000 a month
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Congo Changes Name To the Zaire Republic", 28 October 1971.
  7. Howard W. French. "MOBUTU GIVES UP, LEAVING KINSHASA AND CEDING POWER", 17 May 1997.


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