Turkish bhasa

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Turkish
Türkçe
Pronunciation [ˈt̪yɾkˌtʃe]
Spoken in Albania, Azerbaijan[1], Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Hungary, Iraq, Kosovo, Lebanon, Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Northern Cyprus, Palestine, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Syria,[2] Turkey, Uzbekistan,
and by immigrant communities in Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States, and other countries of the Turkish diaspora
Region Anatolia, Cyprus, Balkans, Caucasus, Central Europe, Western Europe
Native speakers over 63 million worldwide  (date missing)
Language family
Writing system Latin alphabet (Turkish variant)
Official status
Official language in Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey,
Flag of Cyprus.svg Cyprus,
Flag of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.svg Northern Cyprus[3]*
Flag of Macedonia.svg Republic of Macedonia**
Flag of Kosovo.svg Kosovo***
*See Cyprus Dispute.
**In municipalities with more than 20% Turkish speakers.
***Turkish is one of regional languages.
Regulated by Turkish Language Association
Language codes
ISO 639-1 tr
ISO 639-2 tur
ISO 639-3 tur
[[File:
MapOfTurkishSpeakers.png

Countries with significant Turkish-speaking abaadis
(Click on image for the legend)
|300px]]
Des jisme jaada Turkish me baat kare waala log rahe hae

Turkish (Türkçe) ek bhasa hae jisme Republic of Turkey, Cyprus, Bulgaria, Greece, aur pahile ke Ottoman Empire ke des, ke log baat kare hae. Europe me bhi kuchh million emigrants hae jon ki turkish me baat kare hae.

Turkish, Altaic language family ke ek Turkic bhasa hae. Turkish me vowel harmony hae, jaise ki Finnish aurHungarian me rahe hae. Turkish me word order hae: Subject Object Verb (SOV).

Turkish ke, 1000 AD se 1928 tak, Arabic Alphabet me lkha jawat rahaa . Ottoman Empire me, Turkish language ke ek rich literature rahaa, aur isme dher book likha gais rahaa. Lekin, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk iske badal ke Latin Alphabet kar diis kahe ki uu mangat rahaa ki uske des western des ke rakam hoe ke huan ke technologic improvements se faaeds uthaae. Iske kaaran dher Turkish log ii change se pahile likha ais book ke nai parrhe sake hae.

Ii bhasa duusra Turkic languages, jisme Uzbek, Turkmen, aur Kazakh hae, se ralated hae. Kuchh ii biswas kare hae ki Turkish Altaic family of languages ke hae, jisme Japanese, Mongolian, aur Korean hae.

Turkish bhasa me ginti[badlo | edit source]

Number Turkish me Number Fiji Hindi me
bir ek
iki dui
üç tiin
dört chaar
beş paanch
altı chhe
e:ru saat
sekiz aath
dokuz nau
on das

[4]

Hafta ke din[badlo | edit source]

Fiji Hindi Turkish
Sombaar pah-ZAHR-teh-see
Mangar sah-LUH
Budh char-shahm-BAH
Bif pehr-shehm-BEH
Suk joo-MAH
Sanichar joo-MAHR-teh-see
Etwaar pah-ZAHR

[5]


References[badlo | edit source]

  1. Taylor & Francis Group (2003) (in English). Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia 2004. Routledge. pp. p. 114. ISBN 978-1857431872. http://books.google.com/books?id=NI1G_9j1AhcC&pg=PT134&dq=1999+census+azerbaijan+turkish&lr=&hl=en&sig=lhkBOxL4bArgFBJRuOgLYxVfRUA. Retrieved 2008-03-26.
  2. name="Turkish Weekly Aksiyon">"Syrian Turks". http://www.aksiyon.com.tr/detay.php?id=22997.
  3. "Introductory Survey". http://www.trncinfo.com/TANITMADAIRESI/2002/ENGLISH/ALLaboutTRNC/Page02.htm.
  4. Numbers in Million-Speaker Languages
  5. Days of the week in Turkish

Cateory:Greece ke bhasa