United States

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Hian jaao: navigation, khojo

United States of America North America ke ek des hae.

United States of America (en)
Estados Unidos de América (es)
Flag Coat of arms
Jhanda Coat of arms
Des ke jaankari
Des ke motto: (1776 - 1956): E Pluribus Unum
(Latin: "Baride, onge")

(1956 - ): In God We Trust

National anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner
Log ke baare me
Official bhasa: None at federal level,
onechur state specify mupwere,
English de facto
Population:
  - Total: {{{populationtotal}}}
Jagah
country map
Hian pe des ke dunia ke map me dekhawa jaawe hai.
Capital City: Washington, D.C.
Sab se barraa City: New York, New York
Area
  - Total: 3,718,711 mi² / 9,631,418 km² (ranked 3rd/4th)
  - Water: 181,273 mi² / 469,495 km² (4.875%)
Politics / Government
Established: Independence: Revolutionary War
 - Declared: 4 July, 1776
 - Recognized: 3 September, 1783
Leader: President Barack Obama
Vice President Joe Biden
Economy / Money
Paisa ke naam: US dollar ($) (USD)
International information
Time ke zone: -5 to -11
Telephone ke dialing code: 1
Internet domain: .US .UM .EDU .GOV .MIL

The United States of America ke dher naam se jaana jaawe hae, jaise ki:

  • "America"
  • "The United States"
  • "USA" or "The USA"
  • "US" or "The US"
  • "The United States of America"
  • "The States"
  • "The US of A"
  • "The Union"
  • "Uncle Sam"
  • "Estados Unidos de América"

USA ke federal sarkar ke tiin bhaag hae: executive branch, legislative branch, aur judicial branch.

USA ek federal constitutional republic hae jisme fifty states aur ek federal district hae. Ii des central North America me hae, jahaan pe iske forty-eight pahila states aur Washington, D.C., capital district, Pacific aur Atlantic Oceans ke biich me hae. Iske north me Canada aur south me Mexico hae. Alaska state continent ke northwest me hae aur iske east me Canada aur west me Russia hae. Hawaii state ek Pacific Ocean ke biich me ek archipelago hae. Usa ke aur territory Caribbean aur Pacific me hae.

Iske area 3.79 million square miles (9.83 million km²) hae aur abaadi 306 million lig hae, iske kaaran United States, area me dunia ke fourth sab se barraa des hae a land abaadi me tiisra sab se barraa des hae.

States ke suchi[badlo | edit source]

The 50 United States of America
Name IPA USPS Flag Population (2009[1]) Capital Most populous city
Alabama /ˌæləˈbæmə/ AL Flag of Alabama.svg 4,708,708 Montgomery Birmingham
Alaska /əˈlæskə/ AK Flag of Alaska.svg 698,473 Juneau Anchorage
Arizona /ˌærɪˈzoʊnə/ AZ Flag of Arizona.svg 6,595,778 Phoenix Phoenix
Arkansas /ˈɑrkənsɔː/ AR Flag of Arkansas.svg 2,889,450 Little Rock Little Rock
California /ˌkælɪˈfɔrnjə/ CA Flag of California.svg 36,961,664 Sacramento Los Angeles
Colorado /ˌkɒləˈrædoʊ/ CO Flag of Colorado.svg 5,024,748 Denver Denver
Connecticut /kəˈnɛtɪkət/ CT Flag of Connecticut.svg 3,518,288 Hartford Bridgeport[2]
Delaware /ˈdɛləwɛər/ DE Flag of Delaware.svg 885,122 Dover Wilmington
Florida /ˈflɒrɪdə/ FL Flag of Florida.svg 18,537,969 Tallahassee Jacksonville[3]
Georgia /ˈdʒɔrdʒə/ GA Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg 9,829,211 Atlanta Atlanta
Hawaii /həˈwaɪ.iː/ HI Flag of Hawaii.svg 1,295,178 Honolulu Honolulu
Idaho /ˈaɪdəhoʊ/ ID Flag of Idaho.svg 1,545,801 Boise Boise
Illinois /ɪlɪˈnɔɪ/ IL Flag of Illinois.svg 12,910,409 Springfield Chicago
Indiana /ˌɪndiˈænə/ IN Flag of Indiana.svg 6,423,113 Indianapolis Indianapolis
Iowa /ˈaɪ.ɵwə/ IA Flag of Iowa.svg 3,007,856 Des Moines Des Moines
Kansas /ˈkænzəs/ KS Flag of Kansas.svg 2,818,747 Topeka Wichita
Kentucky[4] /kɪnˈtʌki/ KY Flag of Kentucky.svg 4,314,113 Frankfort Louisville
Louisiana /luːˌiːziˈænə/ LA Flag of Louisiana.svg 4,492,076 Baton Rouge New Orleans
Maine /ˈmeɪn/ ME Flag of Maine.svg 1,318,301 Augusta Portland
Maryland /ˈmɛrələnd/ MD Flag of Maryland.svg 5,699,478 Annapolis Baltimore[5]
Massachusetts[4] /ˌmæsəˈtʃuːsɪts/ MA Flag of Massachusetts.svg 6,593,587 Boston Boston
Michigan /ˈmɪʃɪɡən/ MI Flag of Michigan.svg 9,969,727 Lansing Detroit
Minnesota /ˌmɪnɪˈsoʊtə/ MN Flag of Minnesota.svg 5,266,214 Saint Paul Minneapolis
Mississippi /ˌmɪsɪˈsɪpi/ MS Flag of Mississippi.svg 2,951,996 Jackson Jackson
Missouri /mɪˈzʊəri, mɪˈzʊərə/ MO Flag of Missouri.svg 5,987,580 Jefferson City Kansas City[6]
Montana /mɒnˈtænə/ MT Flag of Montana.svg 974,989 Helena Billings
Nebraska /nəˈbræskə/ NE Flag of Nebraska.svg 1,796,619 Lincoln Omaha
Nevada /nəˈvædə/ NV Flag of Nevada.svg 2,643,085 Carson City Las Vegas
New Hampshire /nuː ˈhæmpʃər/ NH Flag of New Hampshire.svg 1,324,575 Concord Manchester[7]
New Jersey /nuː ˈdʒɜrzi/ NJ Flag of New Jersey.svg 8,707,739 Trenton Newark[8]
New Mexico /nuː ˈmɛksɪkoʊ/ NM Flag of New Mexico.svg 2,009,671 Santa Fe Albuquerque
New York /nuː ˈjɔrk/ NY Flag of New York.svg 19,541,453 Albany New York City[9]
North Carolina /ˌnɔrθ kærəˈlaɪnə/ NC Flag of North Carolina.svg 9,380,884 Raleigh Charlotte
North Dakota /ˌnɔrθ dəˈkoʊtə/ ND Flag of North Dakota.svg 646,844 Bismarck Fargo
Ohio /ɵˈhaɪ.oʊ/ OH Flag of Ohio.svg 11,542,645 Columbus Columbus[10]
Oklahoma /ˌoʊkləˈhoʊmə/ OK Flag of Oklahoma.svg 3,687,050 Oklahoma City Oklahoma City
Oregon /ˈɒrɪɡən/ OR Flag of Oregon.svg 3,825,657 Salem Portland
Pennsylvania[4] /ˌpɛnsɪlˈveɪnjə/ PA Flag of Pennsylvania.svg 12,604,767 Harrisburg Philadelphia
Rhode Island[11] /rɵd ˈaɪlənd/ RI Flag of Rhode Island.svg 1,053,209 Providence Providence
South Carolina /ˌsaʊθ kærəˈlaɪnə/ SC Flag of South Carolina.svg 4,561,242 Columbia Columbia[12]
South Dakota /ˌsaʊθ dəˈkoʊtə/ SD Flag of South Dakota.svg 812,383 Pierre Sioux Falls
Tennessee /ˌtɛnɪˈsiː/ TN Flag of Tennessee.svg 6,296,254 Nashville Memphis[13]
Texas /ˈtɛksəs/ TX Flag of Texas.svg 24,782,302 Austin Houston[14]
Utah /ˈjuːtɔː/ UT Flag of Utah.svg 2,784,572 Salt Lake City Salt Lake City
Vermont /vərˈmɒnt/ VT Flag of Vermont.svg 621,760 Montpelier Burlington
Virginia[4] /vərˈdʒɪnjə/ VA Flag of Virginia.svg 7,882,590 Richmond Virginia Beach[15]
Washington /ˈwɒʃɪŋtən/ WA Flag of Washington.svg 6,664,195 Olympia Seattle
West Virginia /ˌwɛst vərˈdʒɪnjə/ WV Flag of West Virginia.svg 1,819,777 Charleston Charleston
Wisconsin /wɪsˈkɒnsɪn/ WI Flag of Wisconsin.svg 5,654,774 Madison Milwaukee
Wyoming /waɪˈoʊmɪŋ/ WY Flag of Wyoming.svg 544,270 Cheyenne Cheyenne

US President ke suchi[badlo | edit source]

Presidency
[n 1]
President Took office Left office Party Vice President Term
[n 1]
1 Gilbert Stuart, George Washington (Lansdowne portrait, 1796).jpg   George Washington
[16][17][18][19]
April 30, 1789 March 4, 1797 no party   John Adams 1
2
2 Adamstrumbull.jpg   John Adams
[20][21][22][23]
March 4, 1797 March 4, 1801 Federalist Thomas Jefferson 3
3 Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale, 1800.jpg Thomas Jefferson
[24][25][26][27]
March 4, 1801 March 4, 1809 Democratic-
Republican
Aaron Burr 4
George Clinton 5
4 James Madison.jpg James Madison
[28][29][30][31]
March 4, 1809 March 4, 1817 Democratic-
Republican
George Clinton[n 2]
March 4, 1809 – April 20, 1812
6
vacant[n 3]
April 20, 1812 – March 4, 1813
Elbridge Gerry[n 2]
March 4, 1813 – November 23, 1814
7
vacant[n 3]
November 23, 1814 – March 4, 1817
5 James Monroe White House portrait 1819.gif James Monroe
[32][33][34][35]
March 4, 1817 March 4, 1825 Democratic-
Republican
Daniel D. Tompkins 8
9
6 John Quincy Adams by GPA Healy, 1858.jpg John Quincy Adams
[36][37][38][39]
March 4, 1825 March 4, 1829 Democratic-
Republican

National
Republican
John C. Calhoun 10
7 Andrew jackson head.jpg Andrew Jackson
[40][41][42][43]
March 4, 1829 March 4, 1837 Democratic John C. Calhoun [n 4]
March 4, 1829 – December 28, 1832
11
vacant[n 3]
December 28, 1832 – March 4, 1833
Martin Van Buren 12
8 Martin Van Buren by George PA Healy, 1858.gif Martin Van Buren
[44][45][46][47]
March 4, 1837 March 4, 1841 Democratic Richard Mentor Johnson 13
9 William Henry Harrison by James Reid Lambdin, 1835.jpg William Henry Harrison
[48][49][50][51]
March 4, 1841 April 4, 1841
[n 2]
Whig John Tyler 14
10
[n 5]
WHOportTyler.jpg John Tyler
[52][53][54][55]
April 4, 1841 March 4, 1845 Whig
April 4, 1841 – September 13, 1841
vacant[n 3]
  no party[n 6]
September 13, 1841 – March 4, 1845
11 James Knox Polk by GPA Healy, 1858.jpg James K. Polk
[56][57][58][59]
March 4, 1845 March 4, 1849 Democratic George M. Dallas 15
12 Zachary Taylor 2.jpg Zachary Taylor
[60][61][62][63]
March 4, 1849 July 9, 1850
[n 2]
Whig Millard Fillmore 16
13 Millard Fillmore.1.jpg Millard Fillmore
[64][65][66][67]
July 9, 1850 March 4, 1853 Whig vacant[n 3]
14 Franklin Pierce by GPA Healy, 1858.jpg Franklin Pierce
[68][69][70][71]
March 4, 1853 March 4, 1857 Democratic William R. King[n 2]
March 4, 1853 – April 18, 1853
17
vacant[n 3]
April 18, 1853 – March 4, 1857
15 Jb15.gif James Buchanan
[72][73][74][75]
March 4, 1857 March 4, 1861 Democratic John C. Breckinridge 18
16 Abraham Lincoln by George Peter Alexander Healy.jpg Abraham Lincoln
[76][77][78][79]
March 4, 1861 April 15, 1865
[n 7]
Republican
National Union
[n 8]
Hannibal Hamlin 19
Andrew Johnson 20
17 Andrew Johnson portrait.jpg Andrew Johnson
[80][81][82][83]
April 15, 1865 March 4, 1869 Democratic
National Union
[n 8]
vacant
[n 3]
  National Union
[n 8]
no party[n 9]
18 Ulysses S. Grant.jpg Ulysses S. Grant
[84][85][86][87]
March 4, 1869 March 4, 1877 Republican Schuyler Colfax 21
Henry Wilson[n 2]
March 4, 1873 – November 22, 1875
22
vacant[n 3]
November 22, 1875 – March 4, 1877
19 Daniel Huntington - Rutherford Birchard Hayes - Google Art Project.jpg Rutherford B. Hayes
[88][89][90][91]
March 4, 1877 March 4, 1881 Republican William A. Wheeler 23
20 James Garfield portrait.jpg James A. Garfield
[92][93][94][95]
March 4, 1881 September 19, 1881
[n 7]
Republican Chester A. Arthur 24
21 Chester A Arthur by Daniel Huntington.jpeg Chester A. Arthur
[96][97][98][99]
September 19, 1881 March 4, 1885 Republican vacant[n 3]
22 Grover Cleveland portrait2.jpg Grover Cleveland
[100][101][102][103]
March 4, 1885 March 4, 1889 Democratic Thomas A. Hendricks[n 2]
March 4, 1885 – November 25, 1885
25
vacant[n 3]
November 25, 1885 – March 4, 1889
23 Benjamin Harrison by Eastman Johnson (1895).jpg Benjamin Harrison
[104][105][106][107]
March 4, 1889 March 4, 1893 Republican Levi P. Morton 26
24 Grover Cleveland, painting by Anders Zorn.jpg Grover Cleveland
(second term)
[100][101][102][103]
March 4, 1893 March 4, 1897 Democratic Adlai E. Stevenson I 27
25 Official White House portrait of William McKinley.jpg William McKinley
[108][109][110][111]
March 4, 1897 September 14, 1901
[n 7]
Republican Garret Hobart[n 2]
March 4, 1897 – November 21, 1899
28
vacant[n 3]
November 21, 1899 – March 4, 1901
Theodore Roosevelt 29
26 TRSargent.jpg Theodore Roosevelt
[112][113][114][115]
September 14, 1901 March 4, 1909 Republican vacant[n 3]
Charles W. Fairbanks 30
27 TaftOfficial Portrait.jpg William Howard Taft
[116][117][118][119]
March 4, 1909 March 4, 1913 Republican James S. Sherman[n 2]
March 4, 1909 – October 30, 1912
31
vacant[n 3]
October 30, 1912 – March 4, 1913
28 Ww28.jpg Woodrow Wilson
[120][121][122][123]
March 4, 1913 March 4, 1921 Democratic Thomas R. Marshall 32
33
29 Wh29.gif Warren G. Harding
[124][125][126][127]
March 4, 1921 August 2, 1923
[n 2]
Republican Calvin Coolidge 34
30 Calvin Coolidge.jpg Calvin Coolidge
[128][129][130][131]
August 2, 1923 March 4, 1929 Republican vacant[n 3]
Charles G. Dawes 35
31 Herbert Clark Hoover by Greene, 1956.jpg Herbert Hoover
[132][133][134][135]
March 4, 1929 March 4, 1933 Republican Charles Curtis 36
32 Franklin Roosevelt - Presidential portrait.jpg Franklin D. Roosevelt
[136][137][138][139]
March 4, 1933 (1933-03-04) Template:End date
[n 2]
Democratic John Nance Garner 37
[n 10]
38
Henry A. Wallace 39
Harry S. Truman 40
33 HarryTruman.jpg Harry S. Truman
[140][141][142][143]
April 12, 1945 January 20, 1953 Democratic vacant[n 3]
Alben W. Barkley 41
34 Dwight D. Eisenhower, official Presidential portrait.jpg Dwight D. Eisenhower
[144][145][146][147]
January 20, 1953 January 20, 1961
[n 11]
Republican Richard Nixon 42
43
35 John F Kennedy Official Portrait.jpg John F. Kennedy
[148][149][150][151]
January 20, 1961 November 22, 1963
[n 7]
Democratic Lyndon B. Johnson 44
36 100px Lyndon B. Johnson
[152][153][154][155]
November 22, 1963 January 20, 1969 Democratic vacant[n 3]
Hubert Humphrey 45
37 Rn37.jpeg Richard Nixon
[156][157][158][159]
January 20, 1969 August 9, 1974
[n 4]
Republican Spiro Agnew[n 4]
January 20, 1969 – October 10, 1973
46
47
vacant[n 3]
October 10, 1973 – December 6, 1973
Gerald Ford
December 6, 1973 – August 9, 1974
38 100px Gerald Ford
[160][161][162][163]
August 9, 1974 January 20, 1977 Republican vacant[n 3]
August 9, 1974 – December 19, 1974
Nelson Rockefeller
December 19, 1974 – January 20, 1977
39 James E. Carter - portrait.jpg Jimmy Carter
[164][165][166][167]
January 20, 1977 January 20, 1981 Democratic Walter Mondale 48
40 100px Ronald Reagan
[168][169][170][171]
January 20, 1981 January 20, 1989 Republican George H. W. Bush 49
50
41 100px George H. W. Bush
[172][173][174][175]
January 20, 1989 January 20, 1993 Republican Dan Quayle 51
42 100px Bill Clinton
[176][177][178][179]
January 20, 1993 January 20, 2001 Democratic Al Gore 52
53
43 George-W-Bush.jpeg George W. Bush
[180][181][182][183]
January 20, 2001 January 20, 2009 Republican Dick Cheney 54
55
44 Official portrait of Barack Obama.jpg Barack Obama
[184][185][186][187]
January 20, 2009 Incumbent Democratic Joe Biden 56

Chapa ke gallery[badlo | edit source]

common practice include throwing babies

Bahaari jorr[badlo | edit source]

References[badlo | edit source]

  1. GCT-T1. Population Estimates : 2009 Population Estimates, U.S. Census Bureau.
  2. The Hartford-West Hartford-Willimantic Combined Statistical Area is the most populous metropolitan area in Connecticut.
  3. The Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Miami Beach Metropolitan Statistical Area is the most populous metropolitan area in Florida.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Official name calls it a commonwealth
  5. Baltimore City and the 12 Maryland counties of the Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area form the most populous metropolitan region in Maryland.
  6. The City of Saint Louis and the 8 Missouri counties of the St. Louis-St. Charles-Farmington Combined Statistical Area form the most populous metropolitan region in Missouri.
  7. The 5 southeastern New Hampshire counties of the Boston-Worcester-Manchester Combined Statistical Area form the most populous metropolitan region in New Hampshire.
  8. The 13 northern New Jersey counties of the New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area form the most populous metropolitan region in New Jersey.
  9. New York City is the most populous city in the United States.
  10. The Cleveland-Akron-Elyria Combined Statistical Area is the most populous metropolitan area in Ohio.
  11. Full name is State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
  12. The Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Combined Statistical Area is the most populous metropolitan area in South Carolina.
  13. The Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Columbia Combined Statistical Area is the most populous metropolitan area in Tennessee.
  14. The Dallas-Fort Worth Combined Statistical Area is the most populous metropolitan area in Texas.
  15. The 10 Virginia counties and 6 Virginia cities of the Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia Combined Statistical Area form the most populous metropolitan region in Virginia.
  16. The White House (March 12, 2007). "Biography of George Washington". Whitehouse.gov. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/georgewashington/. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
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  18. "George Washington – no Political Party – 1st President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/washington. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  19. "George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)". American Presidents: Life Portrait. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/gwashington.asp. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  20. "Biography of John Adams". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/johnadams/. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
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  22. "John Adams – Federalist Party – 2nd President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/adams. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  23. "John Adams (October 30, 1735 – July 4, 1826)". American Presidents: Life Portrait. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=2. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  24. "Biography of Thomas Jefferson". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/thomasjefferson/. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
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  26. "Thomas Jefferson – Democratic-Republican Party – 3rd President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/jefferson. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
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  28. "Biography of James Madison". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jamesmadison/. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  29. "The Fourth President: 1809–1817 James Madison "The Nation Builder"". American Heritage. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/madison_james.shtml. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
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  32. "Biography of James Madison". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jamesmonroe/. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  33. "The Fifth President: 1817–1825 James Monroe "The Era of Good Feelings"". American Heritage. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/monroe_james.shtml. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
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  35. "James Monroe (April 28, 1758 – July 4, 1831)". American Presidents: Life Portrait. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=5. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  36. "Biography of John Quincy Adams". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/johnquincyadams/. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  37. "The Sixth President: 1825–1829 John Quincy Adams "Born to Lead"". American Heritage. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/adams_johnquincy.shtml. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  38. "John Quincy Adams – Federalist, Democratic-Republican, National Republican, WHIG Party – 6th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/johnqadams. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  39. "John Quincy Adams (July 11, 1767 – February 23, 1848)". American Presidents: Life Portrait. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=6. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  40. "Biography of Andrew Jackson". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/andrewjackson/. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  41. "The Seventh President: 1829–1837 Andrew Jackson "Old Hickory"". American Heritage. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/jackson_andrew.shtml. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  42. "Andrew Jackson – Democratic-Republican Party – 7th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/jackson. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  43. "Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845)". American Presidents: Life Portrait. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=7. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  44. "Biography of Martin Van Buren". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/martinvanburen/. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  45. "The Eighth President: 1837–1841 Martin Van Buren "The Red Fox"". American Heritage. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/vanburen_martin.shtml. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  46. "Martin Van Buren – Democratic-Republican, Democratic, and Free Soil Party – 8th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/vanburen. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  47. "Martin Van Buren (December 5, 1782 – July 24, 1862)". American Presidents: Life Portrait. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=8. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  48. "Biography of William Henry Harrison". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/williamhenryharrison/. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  49. "The Ninth President: 1841–1841 William Henry Harrison "Old Tippecanoe"". American Heritage. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/harrison_william.shtml. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  50. "William Henry Harrison – WHIG Party – 9th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/williamhenryharrison. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  51. "William Henry Harrison (February 9, 1773 – April 4, 1841)". American Presidents: Life Portrait. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=9. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  52. "Biography of John Tyler". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/johntyler/. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  53. "The Tenth President: 1841–1845 John Tyler "His Accidency"". American Heritage. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/tyler_john.shtml. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  54. "John Tyler – No Party – 10th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/tyler. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  55. "John Tyler (March 29, 1790 – January 18, 1862)". American Presidents: Life Portrait. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=10. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  56. "Biography of James Polk". Whitehouse.gov. March 12, 2007. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jamespolk/. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  57. "The Eleventh President: 1845–1849 James Knox Polk "The Dark Horse"". American Heritage. Forbes. http://www.americanheritage.com/people/presidents/polk_james.shtml. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  58. "James Polk – Democratic Party – 11th President – American Presidents". History. http://www.history.com/presidents/polk. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  59. "James K. Polk (November 2, 1795 – June 15, 1849)". American Presidents: Life Portrait. C-SPAN. http://americanpresidents.org/presidents/president.asp?PresidentNumber=11. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
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