Germany

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Hian jaao: navigation, khojo
Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Flag Coat of arms
Jhanda Coat of arms
Des ke jaankari
Des ke motto: "Unity and Justice and Freedom." (German: "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit")
National anthem: Das Lied der Deutschen
Log ke baare me
Official bhasa: German
Population:
  - Total: {{{populationtotal}}}
Jagah
country map
Hian pe des ke dunia ke map me dekhawa jaawe hai.
Capital City: Berlin
Sab se barraa City: Berlin
Area
  - Total: 35703 (ranked 61)
  - Water: n/a km² (2.18%)
Politics / Government
Established: Treaty of Verdun (843)
18 January 1871
23 May 1949
3 October 1990
Leader: President Joachim Gauck
Chancellor Angela Merkel
Economy / Money
Paisa ke naam: Euro (€)
International information
Time ke zone: +01:00
Telephone ke dialing code: 49
Internet domain: .DE

Federal Republic of Germany jiske Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland[1] aur Deutschland ke naam se bhi jaana jaae hae) Europe ke biich me ek des hae. International politics me ii ek khaas des hae. Germany ke north me North Sea, Baltic Sea, aur Denmark hae. Germany ke east me Poland aur Czechia hae. Germany ke south me Austria aur Switzerland hae. Germany ke west me France, Luxembourg, Belgium aur Netherlands hae. West Germany uu des me se ek rahaa jon ki European Union ke sruu karis rahaa.[2]

Itihaas[badlo | edit source]

Germanic tribes 1st century BC me Scandinavia aur northern Germany se south ke bagal jaawe ke suruu karin, jahan pe uu logan se aur hian pe rahe waala duusra jaat ke log se takkar bhaes. 9 AD ke saal me Romans aur ii Germanic tribe ke biich me pahila larrai bhaes jisme Romans ke haar bhaes aur Roman log Germanic log ke kabhi aapan niche nai kare paais rahaa. Bahut din talak ii logan apne me larre ke baad, ek Holy Roman Empire me Pope ke niche ek loose confederation from karin. 1871 me, Bismark sab German states ke jorr ke ek Germany banais.

Chapa ke gallery[badlo | edit source]

Chancellor ke list[badlo | edit source]

North German Confederation (1867–1871)[badlo | edit source]

Picture Name Took Office Left Office Party
Otto von Bismarck portrait 1873.jpg Prince Otto von Bismarck 1 July 1867 16 April 1871

German Empire (1871–1918)[badlo | edit source]

Picture Name Took Office Left Office Party
Otto von Bismarck portrait 1873.jpg Prince Otto von Bismarck 21 March 1871 20 March 1890
Graf Leopold von Caprivi cropped2.jpg Count Leo von Caprivi 20 March 1890 26 October 1894
Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst.png Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst 29 October 1894 17 October 1900
Bernhard von Bülow.jpg Prince Bernhard von Bülow 17 October 1900 14 July 1909
Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg.jpg Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg 14 July 1909 13 July 1917
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2004-0720-500, Georg Michaelis.jpg Georg Michaelis 14 July 1917 1 November 1917
Hertling.jpg Count Georg von Hertling 1 November 1917 30 September 1918
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R04103, Prinz Max von Baden.jpg Prince Maximilian of Baden 3 October 1918 9 November 1918
Friedrich Ebert.jpg Friedrich Ebert 9 November 1918 11 February 1919 Social Democrats

Weimar Republic (1919–1933)[badlo | edit source]

Picture Name Took Office Left Office Days in office Party
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1979-122-29A, Philipp Scheidemann.jpg Philipp Scheidemann (Prime Minister (Reichsministerpräsident)) 13 February 1919 20 June 1919 127 Social Democrats
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-J0113-0500-001, Gustav Bauer.jpg Gustav Bauer (Chancellor since 14 August) 21 June 1919 26 March 1920 279 Social Democrats
60px Hermann Müller (1st term) 27 March 1920 8 June 1920 73 Social Democrats
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-R18733, Konstantin Fehrenbach.jpg Konstantin Fehrenbach 25 June 1920 4 May 1921 313 Centre
Bundesarchiv Bild 146III-105, Joseph Wirth.jpg Joseph Wirth 10 May 1921 14 November 1922 553 Centre
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2002-0625-505, Dr. Wilhelm Cuno.jpg Wilhelm Cuno 22 November 1922 12 August 1923 263
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1982-092-11, Gustav Stresemann.jpg Gustav Stresemann 13 August 1923 30 November 1923 109 German People's Party
Reichskanzler Wilhelm Marx.jpg Wilhelm Marx (1st term) 30 November 1923 15 January 1925 412 Centre
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1969-008A-07, Hans Luther.jpg Hans Luther 15 January 1925 12 May 1926 482
Reichskanzler Wilhelm Marx.jpg ilhelm Marx (2nd term) 17 May 1926 12 June 1928 757 Centre
60px Hermann Müller (2nd term) 28 June 1928 27 March 1930 637 Social Democrats
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1989-0630-504, Heinrich Brüning.jpg Heinrich Brüning 30 March 1930 30 May 1932 792 Centre
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-S00017, Franz von Papen crop.jpg Franz von Papen 1 June 1932 17 November 1932 169
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-B0527-0001-020, Kurt von Schleicher.jpg Kurt von Schleicher 2 December 1932 28 January 1933 57

Third Reich (1933–1945)[badlo | edit source]

Picture Name Took Office Left Office Party
Adolf Hitler 30 January 1933 30 April 1945 National Socialist German Workers' Party
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1989-0821-502, Joseph Goebbels.jpg Joseph Goebbels 30 April 1945 1 May 1945 National Socialist German Workers' Party
60px Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk 2 May 1945 23 May 1945 None (non-partisan conservative)

Federal Republic (since 1949)[badlo | edit source]

Picture Name Took Office Left Office Party
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F078072-0004, Konrad Adenauer.jpg Konrad Adenauer 15 September 1949 16 October 1963 Christian Democrats
Erhard.jpg Ludwig Erhard 16 October 1963 1 December 1966 Christian Democrats
60px Kurt Georg Kiesinger 1 December 1966 21 October 1969 Christian Democrats
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F057884-0009, Willy Brandt.jpg w:Willy Brandt:Willy Brandt 21 October 1969 7 May 1974 Social Democrats
Bundesarchiv Bild Helmut Schmidt 1975 cropped.jpg Helmut Schmidt 16 May 1974 1 October 1982 Social Democrats
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F045625-0010, Bonn, Pressekonferenz CDU Bundesvorstand, Kohl.jpg Helmut Kohl 1 October 1982 27 October 1998 Christian Democrats
Gerhardschroeder01.jpg Gerhard Schröder 27 October 1998 22 November 2005 Social Democrats
Angela Merkel 24092007.jpg w:Angela Merkel:Angela Merkel 22 November 2005 Present Christian Democrats

Duusra websites[badlo | edit source]

Commons-logo.svg
Wikimedia Commons me iske baare me chhaapa hae:

References[badlo | edit source]

  1. Grundgesetz, Preamble and Article 20 (1) Die Bundesrepublik Deutschland ist ein demokratischer und sozialer Bundesstaat.
  2. History of the European Union