Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

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Western Philosophy
19th-century philosophy
Hegel portrait by Schlesinger 1831.jpg
G.W.F. Hegel

Name

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

Birth

27 August 1770
Stuttgart, Germany

Death

November 14, 1831 (aged 61)
Berlin, Germany

School/tradition

German Idealism; Founder of Hegelianism

Main interests

Logic, Philosophy of history, Aesthetics, Religion, Metaphysics, Epistemology, Political Philosophy,

Notable ideas

Absolute idealism, Dialectic, Sublation, master-slave dialectic

Influences

Aristotle, Heraclitus, Anselm, Descartes, Goethe, Spinoza, Rousseau, Böhme, Kant, Fichte, Hölderlin, Schelling

Influenced

Adorno, Bakunin, Barth, Bataille, Bauer, Bookchin, Bradley, Brandom, Breton, Croce, Danto, Deleuze, Derrida, Dewey, Dilthey, Emerson, Engels, Feuerbach, Fukuyama, Gadamer, Gentile, Green, Habermas, Heidegger, Ilyenkov, Kierkegaard, Kojève, Koyré, Küng, Lacan, Lenin, Lukács, Marcuse, Marx, Moltmann, O'Donoghue, Sartre, Stirner, Charles Taylor, Žižek

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (27 August 177014 November 1831) ek German philosopher rahaa, jiske janam Stuttgart, Württemberg, Germany me bhaes rahaa. Uu Hegelianism ke suruu karis rahaa jon ki German Idealism ke hissa hae. Uske asar dher writer aur philosopher ke uppar parra rahaa, jisme (Bradley, Sartre, Küng, Bauer, Stirner, Marx) jon usse agree karat rahin, aur (Kierkegaard, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Schelling) jon ki usse agree nai karat rahin. Hegel history, politics, religion, art, logic aur metaphysics ke baare me book likhis rahaa.

Jindagi[badlo | edit source]

Jawani ke din[badlo | edit source]

Bachpan[badlo | edit source]

Hegel ke janam 27 August 1770 me Stuttgart, Duchy Württemberg, Germany ke south east me bhais rahaa. Uske Georg Wilhelm Friedrich naam ddewa gais rahaa, lekin uske palwaar ke log uske Wilhelm ke naam se jaanat rahin. Uske pitaji, Georg Ludwig, ek Rentkammersekretär (secretary to the revenue office), Karl Eugen, Duke of Württemberg ke court me rahaa.[1] Hegel ke maiya, Maria Magdalena Louisa (née Fromm), ek high court judge ke larrki rahii. Jan Hengel 11 saal ke rahaa, tab uske maiya ke maut "bilious fever" (Gallenfieber) se hoe gais. Hegel uar uske putaji ke bhi ii bimari parkkris lkin duuno bach gain. .[2] Hegel ke ek bahini, Christiane Luise (1773–1832), aur ek bhaiya, Georg Ludwig (1776–1812) rahaa, jon ki Napoleon ke Russian campaign of 1812 me marr gais rahaa.[3]

Tiin saal ke umar me , Hegel ek "German School" gais. Paanch saal ke umar me jab uu "Latin School" gais tab first declension jaanat rahaa, jiske uu aapan maiya se sikhis rahaa.

1776 me Hegel Stuttgart ke Gymnasium Illustre me bharti bhais. Aapan jawani me Hegel dher book parhat rahaa, aur isme se dher chij aapan diary me copy karat rahaa.

Bibliography[badlo | edit source]

  • Theodor W. Adorno, 1994. Hegel: Three Studies. MIT Press. Translated by Shierry M. Nicholsen, with an introduction by Nicholsen and Jeremy J. Shapiro, ISBN 0-262-51080-4. Essays on Hegel's concept of spirit/mind, Hegel's concept of experience, and why Hegel is difficult to read.
  • Avineri, Shlomo, 1974. Hegel's Theory of the Modern State. Cambridge University Press. Best introduction to Hegel's political philosophy.
  • Frederick C. Beiser, ed., 1993. The Cambridge Companion to Hegel. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-38711-6. The Cambridge Companions are a good way to start learning about a particular philosopher; this one is no exception.

Duusra websites[badlo | edit source]

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Hegel ke text online[badlo | edit source]

References[badlo | edit source]

  1. Pinkard, Hegel: A Biography, pp. 2-3; p. 745.
  2. Ibid., 3, incorrectly gives the date as September 20, 1781, and describes Hegel as aged eleven. Cf. the index to Pinkard's book and his "Chronology of Hegel's Life", which correctly give the date as 1783 (pp. 773, 745); see also German Wikipedia.
  3. Ibid., 4.