Algeria

Wikipedia se
Hian jaao: navigation, khojo
Arbii:الجمهورية الجزائرية الديمقراطية الشعبية   (Arbii)
al Jumhuriyya al Jazaa'iriyya al Demoqratiyya ash Sha'biyya   
Tagduda tamegdayt taɣerfant tazzayrit (Kabyle)
Jhanda
Jhanda
Des ke jaankari
Des ke motto: بالشعب وللشعب  (Arabic)
"By the people and for the people"
[1][2]
National anthem: Kassaman   (Arabic)
The Pledge
Log ke baare me
Official bhasa: Arbii (Baat kare waala dhang ke Algerian Arbii bolaa jaae hae)
French is de facto co-official
Population:
  - Total: 33,769,669[3] (ranked 35th)
  - Density: 14 per km²
Jagah
country map
Hian pe des ke dunia ke map me dekhawa jaawe hai.
Capital City: Algiers
Sab se barraa City: {{{countrylargestcity}}}
Area
  - Total: 2381741 (ranked 11th)
Politics / Government
Established: = 5 July 1962
Leader: Prime Minister Ahmed Ouyahia
Economy / Money
Paisa ke naam: Algerian dinar
International information
Time ke zone: +1
Telephone ke dialing code: 213
Internet domain: .dz

Algeria (Arbii: الجزائر, Literary Arabic Pronounciation: al-Jazā’ir IPA2:ælʤæˈzæːʔir, Algerian Arabic aur Berber pronounciation: Dzayer, IPA:ˈdzæjər), official naam People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, North Africa ke ek des hae. Ii Mediterranean sea ke border kare waala sab se barraa des hae, African continent ke duusra sab se barraa des hae aur land- area me dunia ke 11th sab se barraa des hae. Iske northeast me Tunisia, east me Libya, southeast me Niger, southwest me Mali aur Mauritania, west me Western Sahara, northwest me Morocco aur north me in the north me Mediterranean Sea hae. Iske area 2,400,000 km² aur population 35,000,000 hae. Iske capital Algiers hae.

Algeria Arab League, United Nations, African Union aur OPEC ke member hae. Iske haanth Arab Maghreb Union ke banae me rahaa.

Algeria ke naam iske capital city, Algiers (Al-jazā’ir Arabii me) se aais hae.

Etymology[badlo | edit source]

ii des ke naam Algiers city se aais hae. ii city ke naam Al-jazā’ir, se aais hae jon ki city ke purana naam jazā’ir banī mazghanā, jiske matla Arbii me "the islands of Mazghanna" se aais hae.

Purana time me northern Algeria ke Numidia naam se jaana jaawat rahaa, jisme western Tunisia aureastern Morocco bhi rahaa.

Bhasa[badlo | edit source]

Algeria ke official bhasa Arbii aur Berber hae. French bhasa ke bhi kaam me lawa jaae hae.

Itihaas[badlo | edit source]

Berber log 10,000 BC se ii jagah pe rahe hae. 1000 BC ke baad Carthaginian log aae ke hian pe base lagin lekin Berber logan Punic Wars ke baad Carthage se ajaad hoe gain. Lekin 200 BC me Rome ii jagah ke aapan niche kar liis. Jab Western Roman Empire khalaas hoe gais tab Berbers ligan kuch jagah pe control karin aur Vandals log duusra jaah pe. Ii jagah ii rakam rahaa jab talak ki Byzantine Emperor, Justinian I ii jagah ke aapan niche nai karis. 642 aur 669 ke biich me Arbii logan Islam aur Arbii bhasa ke haen pe laain.

Ii 5 July 1962 ke Algeria, France se ajaad bhaes rahaa.

Provinces aur districts[badlo | edit source]

Map of the provinces of Algeria numbered according to the official order

Algeria ke 48 province (wilaya), 553 district (daïra) aur 1,541 municipalities (baladiyah) me baata gais hae. Ii sab province, district, aur municipality ke naam iske Capital se aais hae, jon ki jaada kar ke ek barraa city hae. Algerian constitution ke niche , ek province a territorial collectivity enjoying some economic freedom hae.

People's Provincial Assembly, ek proince ke political governing entity hae, jiske ek "president" ahe hae, jiske assembly ke member logan chune hae. Ii sab member logan ke common roll se har paanch saal me chuna jaawe hae. Sab province me ek "Wali" (Prefect nai to governor) rahe hae, jiske Algeria ke President choose kare hae.

Administrative division ke ajaadi ke baad dher dafe badla gais hae. Jab nawaa province banawa gais hae tab purana province ke number nai badla gais, aur ii kaaran se province ke suchi alphabetical order me nai hae.


1 Adrar
2 Chlef
3 Laghouat
4 Oum el-Bouaghi
5 Batna
6 Béjaïa
7 Biskra
8 Béchar
9 Blida
10 Bouira
11 Tamanghasset
12 Tébessa


13 Tlemcen
14 Tiaret
15 Tizi Ouzou
16 Algiers
17 Djelfa
18 Jijel
19 Sétif
20 Saïda
21 Skikda
22 Sidi Bel Abbes
23 Annaba
24 Guelma


25 Constantine
26 Médéa
27 Mostaganem
28 M'Sila
29 Mascara
30 Ouargla
31 Oran
32 El Bayadh
33 Illizi
34 Bordj Bou Arréridj
35 Boumerdès
36 El Tarf


37 Tindouf
38 Tissemsilt
39 El Oued
40 Khenchela
41 Souk Ahras
42 Tipasa
43 Mila
44 Aïn Defla
45 Naama
46 Aïn Témouchent
47 Ghardaïa
48 Relizane

Chapa ke gallery[badlo | edit source]

References[badlo | edit source]

  1. Constitution of Algeria (1996), Art. 11 [ar]
  2. Constitution of Algeria (1996), Art. 11 [en]
  3. "CIA World Factbook". Cia.gov. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ag.html. Retrieved 2008-11-24.