Chinese bhasa

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Chinese
汉语/漢語, 华语/華語 or 中文
Hànyǔ (Chinese) written in Hanzi
Hanyu.png
Spoken in People's Republic of China (PRC, commonly known as China), Republic of China (ROC, commonly known as Taiwan), Singapore, Malaysia, the United States, the Philippines, Australia, Indonesia, Mauritius, Peru, and other regions with Chinese communities
Region (majorities): Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, Singapore
(minorities): Southeast Asia, and other regions with Chinese communities
Total speakers approx 1.3 billion
Language family Sino-Tibetan
Standard forms
Dialects
Yue (including Cantonese-Taishanese)
Eastern Min (including Fuchow)
Southern Min (including Amoy, Taiwanese)
Teochew (including Swatow, Chaozhou, Jieyang, parts of Shanwei/Meizhou)
Writing system Chinese characters, zhuyin fuhao, pinyin, Xiao'erjing
Official status
Official language in Flag of the United Nations.svg United Nations

Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China

Flag of the Republic of China.svg Republic of China (Taiwan)
Flag of Singapore.svg Singapore (official, but not national language)

Recognised minority language in Flag of Mauritius.svg Mauritius
Flag of the United States.svg United States (minority and auxiliary)
Regulated by In the PRC: National Language Regulating Committee[1]
In the ROC: National Languages Committee
In Singapore: Promote Mandarin Council/Speak Mandarin Campaign[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-1 zh
ISO 639-2 chi (B)  zho (T)
ISO 639-3 zhoMacrolanguage
individual codes:
cdo – Min Dong
cjy – Jinyu
cmn – Mandarin
cpx – Pu Xian
czh – Huizhou
czo – Min Zhong
gan – Gan
hak – Hakka
hsn – Xiang
mnp – Min Bei
nan – Min Nan
wuu – Wu
yue – Yue
och – Old Chinese
ltc – Late Middle Chinese
lzh – Literary Chinese
New-Map-Sinophone World.PNG
Map of the Sinophone world.

Information:

  Countries identified Chinese as a primary, administrative, or native language
  Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers w/ or w/o recognition
  Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers w/ or w/o recognition
  Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers w/ or w/o recognition
  Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers w/ or w/o recognition
  Major Chinese speaking settlements

Chinese bhasa, ek bhasa hae jisme China, aur duusra des jhaan pe China log basin hae, me baat karaa jaae hae. Ii Sino-Tibetan family of languages ke ek bhasa hae.

Duuno likha aur bola jaae waala bhasa ke Chinese bola jaae hae. Chinese bhasa special hae kahe ki, jab ki China me dher bhasa hae, sab ke ek rakam se likha jaae hae. Tab China ke sab log ek dusre se ii bhasa ke likh ke communicate kare sake hae.

Dunia ke one-sixth log, nai to 1 billion log, ke Chinese mother tongue hae. Saat bhasa Chinese script use kare hae. Jaada kar ke jab log Chinese language ke baare me baat kare hae tab uu logan Mandarin language mean kare hae. Aurr Chinese bhasa hae, jaise ki Wu aur Cantonese.

Chinese me China ke Han people aur uu logan jon k apne ke Chinese maane hae, baat kare hae. Chinese lagbahg puura Chinese characters me likha jaae hae jon ki symbols use kare hae jiske logogram bolaa jaae hae. Chinese characters, 5000 saal se use karaa jaae hae. Aaj kal Mandarin language, Hanyu pinyin ke use kar ke Roman letters le awaaj ke represent kare hae.

Sab Chinese bhasa (or dialects) tones use kare hae, jiske matlab ii hae ki ii pitch sound ke use kar ke ek syllable se duusra ke separate kare hae.

Standard Chaina bhasa aur uske saathe duusra bhasa[badlo | edit source]

Putonghua/Guoyu, jiske jaada ar ke "Mandarin" bola jaae hae, People's Republic of China, Republic of China (Taiwan), aur Singapore (jahan pe iske "Huayu" bola jaawe hae) ke official bhasa hae. Ii Beijing ke dialect pe based hae, jon ki Mandarin ke uu dialect hae jiske Beijing me bola jaawe hae. Sarkar ii maange hae ki sab koi baat chit kare ke khati ekke bhasa ke kaam me laawe. Ii kaarn se ii bhasa ke government agencies, media, aur school me parrhae ke khatir kaam me lawa jaawe hae.

China aur Taiwan me diglossia ek common feature hae: China ke log jaada kar ke dui nai to tiin bhasa nai to dialect ke saaathe, Standard Chinese me bhi baat kare hae. Jaise ki, Shanghai ke log putonghua ke saathe Shanghainese me bhi baat kare hae, lekin agar uu logan huan pe paida nai bhain hae tab uu logan aapan matr bhasa me bhi baat karinye. Guangzhou ke log Cantonese aur putonghua me baat kare hae, Taiwan ke log duuno Taiwanese aur putonghua/guoyu me. Hong Kong ke log Mandarin ke saathe English aur Cantonese me bhi baat karat haoe sake hae.


Chinese bhasa me ginti[badlo | edit source]

Number Chinese me Number Fiji Hindi me
eeee ek
arr dui
sahn tiin
ssuh chaar
woo paanch
liou chhe
chi saat
bah aath
jeou nau
sher das

[3]

Hafta ke din[badlo | edit source]

Fiji Hindi Chinese
Sombaar xīng qī yī
Mangar xīng qī èr
Budh xīng qī sān
Bif xīng qī sì
Suk xīng qī wǔ
Sanichar xīng qī liù
Etwaar xīng qī tiān or
xīng qī rì

Kuchh kaam me laae jaae waala Chian sabd aur phrase[badlo | edit source]

Fiji Hindi English Chaina bhasa
kaise hello knee how
Tum kahan se aaya hae? Where are you from? Knee tzaun nar lee lei
Tumaar naam konchi hae? What is your name? neen gway shing
Fir mile khoi Good Bye zi gee'en
han yes shr
nai no boo shr
dhanbaad thank you sheh sheh
Maaf karna Excuse me dway boo chee

[4]

References[badlo | edit source]

  1. http://www.china-language.gov.cn/ (Chinese)
  2. http://mandarin.org.sg/html/home.htm[dead link]
  3. Numbers in Million-Speaker Languages
  4. Useful Chinese words and phrases

Other websites[badlo | edit source]