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Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Sīnā (ابو علی الحسین ابن عبدالله ابن سینا); c. 980 Bukhara me,[1][2] Khorasan – 1037 Hamedan me[3]), jiske Ibn Seena ke naam se bhi jaana jaawe hae[4] and commonly known in English by his Latinized name Avicenna (Greek Aβιτζιανός),[5] was a Persian[6] Muslim polymath and the most important physician and Islamic philosopher of his time. He was also an astronomer, chemist, Hafiz, logician, mathematician, poet, psychologist, scientist, Sheikh, soldier, statesman and theologian.[7]

Ibn Sīnā wrote almost 450 treatises on a wide range of subjects, of which around 240 have survived. In particular, 150 of his surviving treatises concentrate on philosophy and 40 of them concentrate on medicine.[8][9]

Footnotes[badlo | source ke badlo]

  1. Avicenna, Encyclopaedia Britannica
  2. Von Dehsen, Christian D.; Scott L. Harris. Philosophers and Religious Leaders. Greenwood Press. pp. p. 19. ISBN 1-5735-6152-5.
  3. [1] [2]
  4. "Extracts from the history of Islamic pharmacy". Pharmacy History. Pharma Corner. http://www.pharmacorner.com/default.asp?action=article&ID=121. Retrieved 2007-11-11.
  5. Greenhill, William Alexander (1867), "Abitianus", in Smith, William, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1, pp. 3, http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio/0012.html
  6. "Avicenna", in Encyclopaedia Britannica, Concise Online Version, 2006 ([3]); D. Gutas, "Avicenna", in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Online Version 2006, (LINK); Avicenna in (Encyclopedia of Islam: © 1999 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, The Netherlands)
  7. Charles F. Horne (1917), ed., The Sacred Books and Early Literature of the East Vol. VI: Medieval Arabia, p. 90-91. Parke, Austin, & Lipscomb, New York. (cf. Ibn Sina (Avicenna) (973-1037): On Medicine, c. 1020 CE, Medieval Sourcebook.)

    "Avicenna (973-1037) was a sort of universal genius, known first as a physician. To his works on medicine he afterward added religious tracts, poems, works on philosophy, on logic, as physics, on mathematics, and on astronomy.

  8. Template:MacTutor Biography
  9. Avicenna (Abu Ali Sina)

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