Commonwealth of Nations

Wikipedia se
Hian jaao: navigation, khojo

Commonwealth, uu sab des ke naam hae jon ki pahile British Empire me rahaa. Pahile iske naam British Commonwealth of Nations rahaa, jiske 1926 me suruu karaa gais rahaa. Abhi isme 53 member des hae jisme se Mozambique ke chhorr ke aur sab British Empire me pahile rahaa. Tiin member Europe ke hae, ek hae South America me, 18 Africa me, 8 Asia me aur 11 Oceania me . Ek suspended member, Fiji hae aur che pahile waala member hae jisme se chaar abhi nai hae.

Abhi ke member[badlo | edit source]

Ii table ke sab jaankari Commonwealth of Nations Secretariat members list se aais hae aur jaada abaadi ke ginti 2007 estimates hae, unless otherwise noted.[1]

Country Joined Continent Population Notes
Antigua and Barbuda 1981-11-011 November 1981 North America 81,000
Australia 1931-12-1111 December 1931 Oceania 20,555,300 Statute of Westminster 1931, se ii Commonwealth ke pahila member me se ek rahaa.[2]
Bahamas 1973-07-1010 July 1973 North America 323,000
Bangladesh 1972-04-1818 April 1972[3] Asia 148,384,000 Pakistan se ajaadi 1971 me paais.[4]
Barbados 1966-11-3030 November 1966 North America 279,000
Belize 1981-09-2121 September 1981 North America 287,730
Botswana 1966-09-3030 September 1966 Africa 1,765,000
Brunei 1984-01-011 January 1984 Asia 374,000
Cameroon 1995-11-1313 November 1995[5] Africa 16,322,000
Canada 1931-12-1111 December 1931 North America 32,654,500 Statute of Westminster 1931, se ii Commonwealth ke pahila member me se ek rahaa.[6]
Cyprus 1961-03-1313 March 1961[7] Europe / Asia 818,200 United Kingdom se ajaadi 18 August 1960 ke paais.
Dominica 1978-11-033 November 1978 North America 79,000
Gambia 1965-02-1818 February 1965 Africa 1,517,000
Ghana 1957-03-066 March 1957 Africa 22,113,000
Grenada 1974-02-077 February 1974 North America 103,000
Guyana 1966-05-2626 May 1966 South America 751,000
India 1947-08-1515 August 1947 Asia 1,100,000,000
Jamaica 1962-08-066 August 1962 North America 2,651,000
Kenya 1963-12-1212 December 1963 Africa 34,256,000
Kiribati 1979-07-1212 July 1979 Oceania 99,000
Lesotho 1966-10-044 October 1966 Africa 1,795,000
Malawi 1964-07-066 July 1964 Africa 12,884,000
Malaysia 1963-09-1616 September 1963 Asia 27,356,000 Federation of Malaya ke 1957 me joinkaris; Malaysia ke naam se ii federation ke 1963 me form karaa gais rahaa Singapore (1965 me alag hoe gais), Sabah, aur Sarawak.[8]
Maldives 1982-07-099 July 1982 Asia 329,000 United Kingdom se ajaadi 26 July 1965 ke milaa.[9] Maldives was a special member from 9 July 1982 until 20 July 1985.[10]
Malta 1964-09-2121 September 1964 Europe 402,668
Mauritius 1968-03-1212 March 1968 Africa 1,245,000
Mozambique 1995-11-1313 November 1995[11] Africa 19,792,000
Namibia 1990-03-2121 March 1990 Africa 2,031,000
Nauru 1968-11-01†1 November 1968 Oceania 14,000 Nauru ek special memberhae. Ii des 1 November 1968 se 1 May 1999 talak special member rahaa, iske baad ii puura member ban gais,[12] January 2006 me fir se special member ban gais.[13]
New Zealand 1931-12-1111 December 1931 Oceania 4,147,972 Statute of Westminster 1931, se ii Commonwealth ke pahila member me se ek rahaa.[14]
Nigeria 1960-10-011 October 1960 Africa 132,796,000 1995 me suspend karaa gais aur , 1999 me fir se join karis.[15]
Pakistan 1947-08-1414 August 1947 Asia 158,352,000 1972 me Commonwealth chhorr diis, 1989 me fir se join karis; 1999 me suspend karaa gais, 2004 me fir se join karis; 2007 me fir se suspended karaa gais,[16] 2008 me fir se join bhaes.[17]
Papua New Guinea 1975-09-1616 September 1975 Oceania 5,887,000
Saint Kitts and Nevis 1983-09-1919 September 1983 North America 43,000
Saint Lucia 1979-02-2222 February 1979 North America 161,000
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1979-10-2727 October 1979 North America 119,000 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Commonwealth of Nations ke ek special member rahaa from 27 October 1979 se 1 June 1985 talak.
Samoa 1970-08-2828 August 1970 Oceania 185,000
Seychelles 1976-06-2929 June 1976 Africa 81,000
Sierra Leone 1961-04-2727 April 1961 Africa 5,525,000
Singapore 1965-10-15†15 October 1965 Asia 4,326,000 First joined as part of Malaysia on 16 September 1963.
Solomon Islands 1978-07-077 July 1978 Oceania 478,000
South Africa 1931-12-1111 December 1931 Africa 47,423,000 Statute of Westminster 1931, se ii Commonwealth ke pahila member me se ek rahaa. Ii 31 May 1961 me Commonwealth chhorr diis lekin 1 June 1994 me fir se join kar liis.[18]
Sri Lanka 1948-02-044 February 1948 Asia 20,743,000
Swaziland 1968-09-066 September 1968 Africa 1,032,000
Tanzania 1964-04-2626 April 1964 Africa 38,329,000 Tanganyika aur Zanzibar ke jorre se.[19]
Tonga 1970-06-044 June 1970 Oceania 102,000
Trinidad and Tobago 1962-08-3131 August 1962 North America 1,305,000
Tuvalu 1978-10-011 October 1978 Oceania 12,000 Tuvalu, Commonwealth of Nations ke ek special member 1 October 1978 se 1 September 2000 talak rahaa.[20]
Uganda 1962-10-099 October 1962 Africa 28,816,000
United Kingdom 1931-12-1111 December 1931 Europe 60,209,500 Statute of Westminster 1931, se ii Commonwealth ke pahila member me se ek rahaa.
Vanuatu 1980-07-3030 July 1980 Oceania 211,000
Zambia 1964-10-2424 October 1964 Africa 11,668,000

Suspended members[badlo | edit source]

Country Joined Continent Population Notes
Fiji 1970-10-1010 October 1970 Oceania 848,000 1987 me Commonwealth chhorr ke 1997 me fir join karis; 6 June 2000 ke iske fir suspend karaa gais;[21] 20 December 2001 ke fir se join karis;[22] 8 December 2006 me coup ke kaaran fir se suspend karaa gais.[23]

Pahile ke members[badlo | edit source]

Country Joined Continent Left Notes
Irish Free State/Ireland 1931-12-1111 December 1931 Europe 1949-04-18]]18 April 1949 Commonwealth ke pahila member me se ek rahaa, Statute of Westminster 1931se. 1949 ke ii Commonwealth ke chhorr diis.[4][24]
Federation of Malaya 1957-08-3131 August 1957 Asia 1963-09-1616 September 1963 Entered into Malaysia on 16 September 1963.[4]
Dominion of Newfoundland 1931-12-1111 December 1931 North America 1934-02-1616 February 1934 Statute of Westminster 1931, se ii Commonwealth ke pahila member me se ek rahaa., Canada ke 31 March 1949 me join kar liis.[24]
Tanganyika 1961-12-099 December 1961 Africa 1964-04-2626 April 1964 Zanzibar se jurr ke Tanzania obanaa, 26 April 1964 ke.[19]
Zanzibar 1963-12-1010 December 1963 Africa 1964-04-2626 April 1964 Tanganyika se jurr ke Tanzania banaa, 26 April 1964 ke.[19]
Zimbabwe 1980-10-011 October 1980 Africa 2003-12-077 December 2003 19 March 2002 ke iske suspend kar dewa gais.[22] 7 December 2003 ke ii Commonwealth se withdraw hoe gais.[25]

References[badlo | edit source]

  1. "Members". Commonwealth Secretariat. http://www.thecommonwealth.org/Internal/142227/members/. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
  2. "Australia". Commonwealth Secretariat. http://www.thecommonwealth.org/Templates/YearbookHomeInternal.asp?NodeID=138122. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
  3. Kohen, Marcelo G. (2006). Secession. London: Cambridge University Press. p. p. 122. ISBN 9780521849289.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Wind of Change". Commonwealth of Nations. http://www.commonwealth-of-nations.org/article.php?&id=4&subsection=3&page=6. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
  5. Pondi, Jean-Emmanuel (October 1997). "Cameroon and the Commonwealth of Nations". The Round Table 86 (344): pp. 563–570. 10.1080/00358539708454389.
  6. "Canada - History". Commonwealth Secretariat. http://www.thecommonwealth.org/YearbookInternal/145152/history/. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
  7. McIntyre, W. David (January 2000). "Britain and the creation of the Commonwealth Secretariat". Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 28 (1): pp. 135–158. 10.1080/03086530008583082.
  8. "Malaysia - History". Commonwealth Secretariat. http://www.thecommonwealth.org/YearbookInternal/145165/history/. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
  9. "Maldives - History". Commonwealth Secretariat. http://www.thecommonwealth.org/YearbookInternal/145167/history/. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
  10. "The Maldives and the Commonwealth". Republic of Maldives. http://www.maldiveshighcommission.org/?id_w=8. Retrieved 30 January 2009.
  11. Ingram, Derek (April 1996). "Commonwealth Update". The Round Table 85 (338): pp. 153–165. 10.1080/00358539608454302.
  12. "Nauru Accedes to Full Membership of the Commonwealth". Commonwealth Secretariat. 12 April 1999. http://www.thecommonwealth.org/press/31555/34582/34786/nauru_accedes_to_full_membership_of_the_commonweal.htm. Retrieved 30 January 2009.
  13. "Nauru–History". Commonwealth Secretariat. http://www.thecommonwealth.org/YearbookInternal/145172/history/. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
  14. "New Zealand- History". Commonwealth Secretariat. http://www.thecommonwealth.org/YearbookInternal/145173/history/. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
  15. "Nigeria". Commonwealth Secretariat. http://www.thecommonwealth.org/Templates/YearbookHomeInternal.asp?NodeID=138917. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
  16. "Pakistan suspended from the Commonwealth". Commonwealth Secretariat. 2007-11-22. http://www.thecommonwealth.org/news/34581/172911/221107cmag.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-15.
  17. "Commonwealth lifts Pakistan suspension". Commonwealth Secretariat. 2008-05-12. http://www.thecommonwealth.org/news/34580/34581/179063/120508cmag.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-15.
  18. "South Africa". Commonwealth Secretariat. http://www.thecommonwealth.org/Templates/YearbookHomeInternal.asp?NodeID=139444. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 "Tanzania - History". Commonwealth Secretariat. http://www.thecommonwealth.org/YearbookInternal/145193/history/. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
  20. "Tuvalu Accedes to Full Membership of the Commonwealth". Commonwealth Secretariat. 14 August 2000. http://www.thecommonwealth.org/press/31555/34582/141646/tuvalu_accedes_to_full_membership_of_the_commonwea.htm. Retrieved 30 January 2009.
  21. Ingram, Derek (July 2000). "Commonwealth Update". The Round Table 89 (355): pp. 311–55. Template:Citation error.
  22. 22.0 22.1 Ingram, Derek (April 2002). "Commonwealth Update". The Round Table 91 (364): pp. 131–59. Template:Citation error.
  23. Ingram, Derek (February 2007). "Commonwealth Update". The Round Table 96 (388): pp. 2–28. Template:Citation error.
  24. 24.0 24.1 "Dominion Status". Commonwealth of Nations. http://www.commonwealth-of-nations.org/article.php?&id=4&subsection=3&page=3. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
  25. "Editorial: CHOGM 2003, Abuja, Nigeria". The Round Table 93 (373): pp. 3–6. January 2004. Template:Citation error.