Pearl S. Buck

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Pearl S. Buck (26 joon, 1892 - 6 maarch, 1973) ek American lekhak aur upanyaasakaar the. aktoobar 1892 mein, usaka parivaar 4 maheene kee bachchee ko cheen le gaya. cheen mein mishanariyon kee betee ke roop mein, aur baad mein khud ek mishanaree ke roop mein, bak ne apana adhikaansh jeevan 1934 se pahale jhenajiyaang mein bitaaya. parivaar ne apana greeshmakaal kuling shahar, maunten loo, jiujiyaang ke ek vila mein bitaaya, aur is vaarshik teerthayaatra ke dauraan yuva ladakee ne ek lekhak banane ka phaisala kiya. da gud arth 1931 aur 1932 mein sanyukt raajy amerika mein sabase adhik bikane vaala upanyaas tha aur 1932 mein pulitjar puraskaar jeeta. 1938 mein, bak ne saahity mein nobel puraskaar jeeta "cheen mein kisaan jeevan ke apane samrddh aur sahee maayane mein mahaakaavy vivaran ke lie aur isake lie. unakee jeevanee sambandhee utkrsht krtiyaan;" vah yah puraskaar jeetane vaalee pahalee amerikee mahila theen. 1914 se 1932 tak, bak ne presbiteriyan mishanaree ke roop mein kaary kiya, lekin baad mein unake vichaar kattarapanthee-aadhunikataavaadee vivaad ke dauraan vivaadaaspad ho gae, jisase unaka isteepha ho gaya. 1935 mein sanyukt raajy amerika lautane ke baad, unhonne vipul lekhan jaaree rakha, mahilaon aur alpasankhyak samoohon ke adhikaaron kee ek pramukh pairokaar ban gaeen, aur cheenee aur eshiyaee sanskrtiyon par vyaapak roop se likha, vishesh roop se eshiyaee aur mishrit- nasl god lena. vest varjeeniya ke hilsaboro mein parl bak janmasthaan par stalting haus mool roop se kamphart naam ke, parl sidenastrikar ka janm hilsaboro, vest varjeeniya mein kairolin maud (stalting) (1857-1921) aur abashaalom sidenastrikar ke yahaan hua tha. usake maata-pita, dakshinee presbiteriyan mishanaree, 8 julaee, 1880 ko apanee shaadee ke turant baad cheen gae, lekin parl ke janm ke lie sanyukt raajy amerika laut aae. jab parl paanch maheene ka tha, to parivaar cheen pahuncha, pahale huaaan mein aur phir 1896 mein naanaking ke pramukh shahar ke paas jhenajiyaang (tab aksar jingajiyaang ya cheenee daak romaneekaran pranaalee, tsingakiyaang ke roop mein jaana jaata hai) mein chala gaya. parl ne apana poora bachapan aur kishoraavastha isee shahar mein bitaee, aur cheenee ko apanee "pahalee bhaasha" kaha. apane bhaee-bahanon mein se, jo vayaskata mein jeevit rahe, edagar sidenastrikar ka yoonaited stets pablik helth sarvis ke saath ek vishisht kairiyar tha aur baad mein milabaink memoriyal phand aur gres sidenastrikar yaukee (1899-1994) ne yuva vayask kitaaben aur eshiya ke baare mein kalam naam korneliya spensar ke tahat likheen.[1][2][3][4][5]

Sandarbh[badlo | source ke badlo]