Maria Dąbrowska

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Maria Dąbrowska ([dɔmˈbrɔfsk]; janm maariya zumska; 6 aktoobar 1889 - 19 maee 1965) ek Polish lekhak, upanyaasakaar, nibandhakaar, patrakaar aur naatakakaar theen, jo 1932 ke beech likhe gae lokapriy polish aitihaasik upanyaas nose aaee nee (naits end dez) kee lekhika theen. aur 1934 chaar alag-alag khandon mein. upanyaas ko isee sheershak se 1975 mein jerazee entazaak dvaara ek philm mein banaaya gaya tha. dabroska ko 1935 mein polish saahity akaadamee ke pratishthit goldan lorel se sammaanit kiya gaya tha. unhen saahity mein nobel puraskaar ke lie paanch baar naamaankit kiya gaya tha. unhonne saimual peps kee daayaree ka polish mein anuvaad kiya. daabroska ka janm zaarist sainy niyantran ke tahat, kaalis, kaangres polaind ke paas rooso mein maariya zumska ke roop mein hua tha. usake maata-pita gareeb jameendaaron (zimiya-stavo) ke the. maariya esotropiya se peedit thee, jisase vah "kros-aaid" dikhaee de rahee thee. unhonne lozen aur brusels mein samaajashaastr, darshan aur praakrtik vigyaan ka adhyayan kiya, aur 1917 mein vaaraso mein bas gaeen. saahity aur raajaneeti donon mein ruchi rakhate hue, unhonne gareebee mein paida hue logon kee madad karane ke lie khud ko samarpit kar diya. yuddh ke beech kee avadhi mein, daibroska ne polish krshi mantraalay mein asthaayee roop se kaam kiya, jabaki akhabaaron kee riporting aur saarvajanik jeevan mein adhik se adhik udyam kiya. 1927 mein vah maanavaadhikaaron ke baare mein likhane mein adhik shaamil hueen. apane upanyaason, naatakon aur akhabaaron ke lekhon mein unhonne aam logon kee duniya mein kathinaiyon aur jeevan ke dukhon ke manovaigyaanik parinaamon ka vishleshan kiya. maariya ne mairien debrovaskee se shaadee kee, jinakee 36 saal kee umr mein achaanak mrtyu ho gaee. unaka doosara deerghakaalik saathee 19 varsheey stainislaav staimpovskee tha, jisake saath vah dviteey vishv yuddh ke phailane tak ek saamaany kaanoon vivaah mein rahatee thee. polaind ke kabje ke dauraan, vah vaaraso mein raheen aur polish bhoomigat ke saanskrtik jeevan ka samarthan kiya. lagabhag usee samay, vah anna kovaalska aur ek saahityik yugal jerazee kovaalskee se mileen. unhonne ek menej e trois ka gathan kiya, aur maariya ko 1946 mein jerazee se ek bachcha hua, lekin 1948 mein unakee achaanak mrtyu ho gaee. donon mahilaen agale 20 varshon tak ek rishte mein raheen, haalaanki maariya ne anna kee phir se shaadee karane kee koshish kee. staalinavaadee kaal ke dauraan dobroska ko ordar oph poloniya restituta se sammaanit kiya gaya tha. 1964 mein vah sanskrti kee svatantrata ke sambandh mein pradhaan mantree jozef sairankeevikz ko tathaakathit 34 ke patr ke hastaaksharakartaon mein se ek theen. 1965 mein 75 varsh kee aayu mein vaaraso ke klinik mein unakee mrtyu ho gaee.[1][2][3]

Sandarbh[badlo | source ke badlo]