Le Corbusier

Wikipedia se
Hian jaao: navigation, khojo
Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris
Le Corbusier
Le Corbusier 1933.JPG
Le Corbusier ke chapa 1933 me
Personal information
Naam Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris
Le Corbusier
Nationality Swiss / French
Janam ke taarik 6 October 1887
Janam ke jagah La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland
Maut ke taarik 27 August 1965
Maut ke jagah Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, France
Work
Significant buildings Villa Savoye

Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris (janam ke naam), (6 October 188727 August 1965), jiske jaada kar ke Le Corbusier ke naam se jaana jaawat rahaa ek architect aur writer rahaa, jiske janam Switzerland me bhaes rahaa. 1930s me uu ek French citizen ban gais rahaa. Uu Modern Architecture ke theory khatir jaana jaawe hae. Uske irada barraa barraa city me housing ke sudhare ke rahaa, kahe ki bahut log uu time pe garibi me rahat rahin. Uske design ke dunia bhar me use karaa gais hae.

Uu painting kare bhi like karat rahaa aur furniture ke bhi design karat rahaa.

Bachpan ke din[badlo | edit source]

Le Corbusier, La Chaux-de-Fonds, jon ki north Switzerland ke ek chhotaa town hae me paida bhaes rahaa. 1907 me, 19 saal ke umar me, uu Paris chalaa gais. Uu Europe bhar ghumis aur nawaa idea paais. Uu German me bhi baat kare ssakat rahaa aur kuchh famous architects ke ssathe kaam karis.

The World War[badlo | edit source]

World War I ke time, uu Switzerland laut ke ek teacher ban gais. Kuch din baad uu aapan ek cousin ke saathe ek architectural business kholis, jisme uu 1940 talak kaam karis. 1918 me uu painter, Amédée Ozenfant, ke milis rahaa, jon ki uske dost hoe gais. Uu duuno log aapan idea ke jorr ke ek nawaa rakam ke art, jiske Purism bolaa jaawe hae, ke suruu karin.

World War ke baad[badlo | edit source]

Larrai ke baad, Le Corbusier aapan art me 1922 talak dhyan diis. Iske baad uu apartments, jiske ek ke uppar ek kar ke banawa jae sakat rahaa, ke design kare lagaa. Ii rakam ke design se uu Paris ke housing ke kamii ke khalaas kare maangat rahaa. Uu ek ideal city, (Ville Contemporaine) ke design karis, lekin iske banawa nai jaawe sakaa. Uu Chandigargh, India me dher building ke design karis rahaa.

1930s[badlo | edit source]

Le Corbusier capitalism ke nai like karat rahaa, aur ii biswas karat rahaa ki logan ke ghar ke size uske family ke size ke uppar depend hoe ke chaahi, uske paisa ke uppar nai.

Baad ke jindagi[badlo | edit source]

Le Corbusier, 1942 ke baad politics ke chhorr ke France khatir chotaa chhotaa unit banae lagaa.

Uske naam[badlo | edit source]

Le Corbusier, naam French me uske aaji ke surname, Lecorbésier se aais hae. Iske matlab English me "the crow like one" hae. Uu ii naam ke 1920 me chunis rahaa.

Le Corbusier ke banawa gais building ke suchi[badlo | edit source]

Name City State/Country Completed Other Information Image
Villa Fallet La Chaux-de-Fonds Switzerland 1903 Villa Fallet
Stotzer House 6, Chemin de Pouillerel La Chaux-de-Fonds Switzerland 1908
Villa Jeanneret-Perret La Chaux-de-Fonds Switzerland 1912 Villa Jeanneret-Perret
Villa Schwob La Chaux-de-Fonds Switzerland 1916 Villa Schwob
Villa Besnus (Ker-Ka-Ré) Paris France 1922
Ozenfant House and Studio Paris France 1922
Villa La Roche Paris France 1923
Villa Jeanneret Paris France 1923
Pavillon de L'Esprit Nouveau Paris France 1924 (destroyed)
Quartiers Modernes Frugès Pessac France 1924
Villa Jeanneret Paris France 1925
Villa Cook Boulogne-sur-Seine France 1926
Villa Ternisien 5, Allee des Pins, Boulogne-sur-Seine, Paris France 1926 ( Block of apartments built over the house.)
Villa Stein Garches, Paris France 1927
Pleinex House 24, Bis Boulevard Massena, Paris France 1927
Villas at Weissenhof Estate Stuttgart Germany 1927 Villa Le Corbusier, Weissenhof
Villa Savoye Poissy-sur-Seine, France France 1928
Cité du Refuge Armée du Salut, Paris France 1929
Pavillon Suisse Cité Universitaire, Paris France 1930
Maison Errazuriz Chile Chile 1930
Las Nubes, house of Uruguayan novelist Enrique Amorim Salto Uruguay 1930
Palace of the Soviets Moscow Soviet Union 1931
Immeuble Clarté (fr) Geneva Switzerland 1931 Immeuble Clarté, Geneva
Tsentrosoyuz Moscow Soviet Union 1933 Tsentrosoyuz
Palace of Ministry of National Education and Public Health Rio de Janeiro Brazil 1936 (as a consultant to Lucio Costa, Oscar Niemeyer and others)
Usine Claude et Duval Saint-Dié-des-Vosges France 1945
Unité d'Habitation Marseille France 1952
Curutchet House La Plata Argentina 1948 Curutchet House
United Nations headquarters New York City New York 1952 (Consultant) United Nations headquarters
Chapelle Notre Dame du Haut Ronchamp France 1954
Cabanon de vacances Roquebrune-Cap-Martin France 1951
Maisons Jaoul Neuilly-sur-Seine France 1951
Mill Owners' Association Building Ahmedabad India 1951 Mill Owners' Association Building
Villa Sarabhai Ahmedabad India 1951
Villa Schodan Ahmedabad India 1951
Unité d'Habitation of Nantes-Rezé Nantes France 1952
Palace of Justice (Chandigarh) Chandigarh India 1952 Punjab and Haryana High Court
Museum and Gallery of Art Chandigarh India 1952 Museum and Gallery of Art, Chandigarh
Secretariat Building (Chandigarh) Chandigarh India 1953 Secretariat Building, Chandigarh
Governor's Palace (Chandigarh) Chandigarh India 1953
Palace of Assembly (Chandigarh) Chandigarh India 1955 Palace of Assembly
Shodan House Chandigarh India 1956
Museum at Ahmedabad Ahmedabad India 1956
Saddam Hussein Gymnasium Baghdad Iraq 1956
Unité d'Habitation of Briey en Forêt Briey en Forêt France 1957
National Museum of Western Art Tokyo Japan 1957 National Museum of Western Art
Maison du Brésil Cité Universitaire, Paris France 1957
Unité d'Habitation of Berlin Charlottenburg, Flatowallee 16, Berlin Germany 1957 Unité d'Habitation of Berlin
Unité d'Habitation of Meaux Meaux France 1957
Philips Pavilion at the 1958 World Expositon Brussels Belgium 1958 (with Iannis Xenakis) (destroyed) Philips Pavilion
Government College of Art (GCA) and the Chandigarh College of Architecture(CCA) Chandigarh India 1959 Chandigarh College of Architecture
Sainte Marie de La Tourette near Lyon France 1960 (with Iannis Xenakis)
Center for Electronic Calculus, Olivetti Milan Italy 1961
Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts United States 1961 Carpenter Center for the Visual Arts
House of Man Zurich Switzerland 1963
Unité d'Habitation of Firminy Firminy France 1964
Stadium Firminy-Vert Firminy France 1966
Maison de la culture de Firminy-Vert Firminy France 1965
Heidi Weber Museum Zurich Switzerland 1967 Heidi Weber Museum
Church of Saint-Pierre, Firminy Firminy France 2006 (built posthumously and completed under José Oubrerie's guidance in 2006) Saint-Pierre


Chapa ke gallery[badlo | edit source]