Gaura Devi

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Gaura Devi (1925 - 1991) ek Bharatiya jameenee kaaryakarta aur graameen mahila samudaay kee neta theen, jinhonne chipako aandolan mein mahatvapoorn bhoomika nibhaee thee. gaura devee ka janm 1925 mein uttaraakhand raajy ke lata naamak gaanv mein hua tha. vah alakananda nadee ke kinaare renee naamak ek paas ke gaanv mein chalee gaee. 22 saal kee umr tak vah ek bachche ke saath ek vidhava thee. usaka naya gaanv tibbat kee seema ke nikat tha. chipako aandolan ke maddenajar gaura devee ko mahila mangal dal (mahila kalyaan sangh) ka netrtv karane ke lie chuna gaya tha. sangathan ne saamudaayik vanon ke sanrakshan par kaam kiya. gaura devee 1974 mein chipako aandolan mein sabase aage aaeen. 25 maarch 1974 ko unhen ek yuva ladakee ne bataaya ki sthaaneey lakadahaare unake gaanv ke paas ped kaat rahe hain. renee gaanv ke logon ko is khabar se bahakaaya gaya tha ki sarakaar sena dvaara istemaal kee jaane vaalee jameen ka muaavaja dene ja rahee hai. gaura devee aur 27 any mahilaon ne lakadahaare se nipatane ka phaisala kiya. usane pedon ko kaatane ke bajaay use golee maarane ke lie purushon ka saamana kiya aur chunautee dee aur usane jangal ko "vanadevata" (jangal ke devata) aur usakee maayaka (maan ka ghar) ke roop mein varnit kiya. ant mein, any mahilaon kee madad se vah sashastr lakadahaaron ke durvyavahaar aur dhamakiyon ke baavajood pedon ko gale lagaakar lakadahaare ke kaam ko rokane mein kaamayaab rahee. gaanv kee mahilaen aur gaura devee ne us raat pedon kee rakhavaalee kee aur agale teen ya chaar dinon mein any gaanv aur graameen kaarravaee mein shaamil ho gae. lakadahaare pedon ko chhodakar chale gae. is ghatana ke baad, uttar pradesh sarakaar ne pedon kee kataee ke mudde kee jaanch ke lie visheshagyon kee ek samiti kee sthaapana kee, aur lakadee kampanee ne renee se apane aadamiyon ko vaapas le liya. samiti ne kaha ki renee van paaristhitik roop se sanvedanasheel kshetr hai aur vahaan koee ped nahin kaata jaana chaahie. isake baad uttar pradesh sarakaar ne 1150 varg kimee se adhik ke kshetr mein sabhee pedon kee kataee par 10 saal ka pratibandh laga diya. gaura devee ka julaee 1991 mein 66 varsh kee aayu mein nidhan ho gaya.[1][2][3][4]

Sandarbh[badlo | source ke badlo]