René Descartes

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Western Philosophy
17th-century philosophy
Frans Hals - Portret van René Descartes.jpg
René Descartes. Ii chapa ke Frans Halsutaris hae, 1648.

Name

René Descartes

Birth

31 March 1596
La Haye en Touraine, Indre-et-Loire, France

Death

11 February 1650 (aged 53)
Stockholm, Sweden

School/tradition

Cartesianism, Rationalism, Foundationalism

Main interests

Metaphysics, Epistemology, Science, Mathematics

Notable ideas

Cogito ergo sum, Methodic Doubt, Cartesian coordinate system, Cartesian dualism

Influences

Plato, Aristotle, Ibn al-Haytham, Averroes, Avicenna, al-Ghazali, Anselm of Canterbury, St. Augustine, Thomas Aquinas, William of Ockham, Francisco Suárez, Marin Mersenne, Sextus Empiricus, Michel de Montaigne, Duns Scotus

Influenced

Baruch Spinoza, Thomas Hobbes, Antoine Arnauld, Nicolas Malebranche, Pascal

René Descartes (31 March 159611 February 1650) ek mashuur French philosopher aur physicist rahaa. Uu dui khaas buk He physics aur philosophy ke uppar likhis rahaa.

Descartes aur physics[badlo | edit source]

Aapan buk Discourse on Method (1637) me Descartes scientific method ke baare me likhis jiske uu apne se banais rahaa. Uu shapes (Geometry), light (Dioptrics), aur weather (Meteorology) ke baare me bhi likhis hae. Uske baad uu ek rakam se shapes ke coordinates se describe kare ke suruu karis aur ek aur theory banais jiske rainbow ke naam se jaana jaawe hae. Descartes ke physics ke baad me Sir Isaac Newton bhi kaam me laais jon ki uske aur James Hook ke baare me likis hae ki: "Agar jo ham duur talak dekhe sakaa hae tab ham giant ke kandhaa pe kharraa rahaa!"

Descartes aur philosophy[badlo | edit source]

Aapan buk Meditations on First Philosophy (1641) me Descartes aapan scientific method ke kaam me laae ke philosophical sawaal ke dekhis hae. Uu skepticism ke virod me bahas karis hae.