Michelangelo

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Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni
Michelango Portrait by Volterra.jpg
Chalk portrait of Michelangelo by Daniele da Volterra
Birth name Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni
Born 6 March 1475
Arezzo ke lage, Caprese, Tuscany
Died 18 February 1564
Rome
Nationality Italian
Field sculpture, painting, architecture, and poetry
Training Apprentice to Domenico Ghirlandaio [1]
Movement High Renaissance
Works David, The Creation of Adam, Pietà
Michelangelo ke banawa gae David
Michelangelo's Fresco of the Last Judgement

Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (6 March 1475 - 18 March 1564) ek Italian sculptor, painter, architect aur poet rahaa. Uske ek bahut famous kaam David hai. Uu Renaissance ke time ke rahaa. Uu aapan duuno haath se paint kare sakat rahaa. He could paint with both hands. Michelangelo the Sistine Chapel ke ceiling ke paint karis rahaa aur Sistine Chapel ke dieaal ke artwork bhi banais rahaa.

Jawani ke din[badlo | edit source]

Michelangelo ke janam, 6 March 1475 ke, Caprese, jon ki Arezzo, Tuscany ke lage hae, me bhais rahaa.[2] Uske pitaji, Lodovico di Leonardo di Buonarroti di Simoni, aur uske maiya, Francesca di Neri del Miniato di Siena rahii.[3] Buonarrottis logan ek banking palwaar ke rahin jon kiFlorence se aae rahin aur ii dawa karat rahin ki uu logan Countess Matilda of Canossa ke descendent hae. Michelangelo ke pitaji aapan jaada paisa ke bilae diis rahaa, au yahii kaaran se uu Chiusi town ke office me kaam karat rahaa. Jab Michelangelo ek baby rahaa, tab uske palwaar Florence chal diin rahaa. Kaahe ki uu memariya larkaa rahaa, Michelangelo ke ek kisan aur stonecutter ke ghare rahe ke khati bhej dewa gais rahaa.[3] Jon quarry me ii stonecutter kaam karat rahaa, Michel angelo ke pitaji ke rahaa. Dher saal baad Michelangelo ii batais ki dui chij jon ki uske achchhaa artist bane me madat karis, rahaa ki uu gaon pe barra bhais aur uske chhote m hi chisel ke kaam me llawe ke training mila.[2] Jab uu khaali saat saal ke rahaa, tab uske maiya ke maut hoe gais rahaa.

Iske baad Michelangelo ke pitaji Florence le aais aur ek tutor, Francesco da Urbino ke lage parrhe hatir bhejis.[2][4] Michelangelo school ke kaam me dhyan nai lagawat rahaa, aur uu city ke barraaa bara church me ghumis aur huan ke frescos ke sketch karis.[4] Jab uu terah saal ke rahaa tab uske ek painter ke lage aprentiship ke hatir bhej dewa gais rahaa. [1][5] Ii jagha ek barraa studio rahaa, jahaan pe dhani log aawat rahin jiske khatir uu church ke fresco paint arat rahaa.

Kaam ke suchi[badlo | edit source]

Sculpture[badlo | edit source]

Title Year Location Material Dimensions Image
Head of a faun 1489-1494[6] Lost Marble
Madonna of the stairs c. 1491 Casa Buonarroti, Florence Marble 55.5 × 40 cm Madonna of the Steps
Battle of the Centaurs c. 1492 Casa Buonarroti, Florence Marble 84.5 × 90.5 cm Battle of the Centaurs
Crucifix 1492 Santo Spirito, Florence Polychrome wood 142 × 135 cm
The Ark of St Dominic San Domenico, Bologna The Ark of St Dominic
St Petronius from The Ark of St Dominic 1494–1495 Marble height 64 St Petronius
St Proclus from The Ark of St Dominic 1494–1495 Marble height 58.5 cm St Proclus
Angel from The Ark of St Dominic 1494–1495 Marble height 51.5 cm San Domenico12.jpg
Sleeping Cupid (Antique forgery) 1496 Lost Marble
Standing Cupid (Rome) Lost
Bacchus 1496–1497 Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence Marble height 203 cm Bacchus
Crucifix[7] 1497–1498? Santa María de Montserrat, Montserrat Ivory Crucifix
Pietà 1499–1500 St. Peter's Basilica, Rome Marble height 174 cm, width at the base 195 cm Pieta
David 1501–1504 Galleria dell'Accademia, Florence Marble height 5.17 meter (17 ft) David
Madonna and Child (Madonna of Bruges) 1501–1504 Church of Our Lady, Bruges Marble height 128 cm Madonna and Child
St. Paul 1503–2012 Cathedral, Siena Marble St. Paul
St. Peter 1503–1504 Cathedral, Siena Marble St. Peter
St. Pius 1503–1504 Cathedral, Siena Marble St. Pius
St. Gregory 1503–1504 Cathedral, Siena Marble St. Gregory
Madonna and Child with the Infant St. John (Taddei Tondo) c. 1503 Royal Academy of Arts, London Marble/Coon(a type of graphite) diameter 82.5 cm Taddei Tondo.JPG
Madonna and Child (Tondo Pitti) c. 1503 Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence 85,8 × 82 cm Pitti Tondo (casting in Pushkin museum) by shakko 01.jpg
St. Matthew c. 1505 Galleria dell'Accademia, Florence Marble height 271 cm
Tomb of Pope Julius II 1503[8] Moses
Moses c. 1513–1515 San Pietro in Vincoli, Rome Moses
Rebellious Slave 1513–1516 Louvre, Paris The Rebellious Slave
Dying Slave 1513–1516 Louvre, Paris The Dying Slave
Young Slave 1520–1523 Accademia di Belle Arti Firenze, Florence
Atlas Slave 1520–1523 Accademia di Belle Arti Firenze, Florence
Bearded Slave 1520–1523 Accademia di Belle Arti Firenze, Florence
Awakening Slave 1520–1523 Accademia di Belle Arti Firenze, Florence
The Genius of Victory c. 1532–1534 Palazzo Vecchio, Florence Marble height 261 cm Michelangelo-Genius of Victory-Palazzo vecchio.jpg
Rachel 1545 San Pietro in Vincoli, Rome Michelangelo-Rachel.jpg
Leah 1545 San Pietro in Vincoli, Rome Michelangelo-Leah.jpg
Medici Chapel 1520–1534 Basilica of San Lorenzo, Florence, architecture
Tomb of Giuliano de' Medici, Night and Day Life of Michael Angelo, 1912 - Tomb of Giulino de Medici.jpg
Tomb of Lorenzo de' Medici, Evening and Morning[9] Life of Michael Angelo, 1912 - Monument of Lorenzo de Medici.jpg
Virgin and Child
Apollo (David) c. 1530 Museo Nazionale del Bargello Marble height 146 cm
Crouching Boy c. 1530–1534 State Hermitage, St. Petersburg Marble height 54 cm Michelangelo-Buonarroti-Crouching Boy-Hermitage.jpg
Cristo della Minerva (Christ Carrying the Cross) (1519–1520) church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva, Rome Marble height 205 cm Christ Carrying the Cross
Brutus 1540 Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence Marble height 95 cm Michelangelo Brutus.jpg
Florentine Pietà c. 1550 Museo dell'Opera del Duomo, Florence Marble height 253 cm The Florentine Pieta
Rondanini Pietà 1552–1564[10] Castello Sforzesco, Milan Marble height 195 cm The Rondanini Pieta
Palestrina Pietà[11] Galleria dell'Accademia, Florence Marble height 253 cm The Palestrina Pieta

Painting[badlo | edit source]

Image Details Notes
The Torment of Saint Anthony
The Torment of Saint Anthony
c. 1487–1488[12]
Oil and tempera on panel
47 cm × 35 cm (18½ in × 13¼ in)
Kimbell Art Museum, purchased from Sotheby's auction, Catalogue of Old Masters sale (Lot No. 69), 9 July, 2008 by Adam Williams Fine Art, New York, as "Workshop of Domenico Ghirlandaio". Subsequently purchased by the Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, TX and attributed to Michelangelo[13][14].
Manchester Madonna
Madonna and Child with St John and Angels
(The Manchester Madonna)
circa 1497
Tempera on panel
105 cm × 76 cm (41 in × 30 in)
National Gallery, London
The Entombment
The Entombment
circa 1500–1501
Tempera on panel
162 cm × 150 cm (64 in × 59 in)
National Gallery, London
Doni Tondo
Doni Tondo
(The Holy Family)
circa 1503/6[15]
Oil and tempera on panel
120 cm (47 ½ in) diameter
Uffizi, Florence
A painting of the Michelangelo's pupil Aristotele da Sangallo
The Battle of Cascina
1504
Lost
An unfinished fresco that was to be painted in the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence, in competition with Leonardo da Vinci's The Battle of Anghiari
God Creating Adam, from the Sistine Chapel Ceiling
Detail: The Creation of Adam
Sistine Chapel ceiling
1508–1512
Fresco
Sistine Chapel, Rome
The Last Judgment
The Last Judgment
1534–1541
Fresco
1,370 cm × 1,200 cm (540 in × 470 in)
Sistine Chapel, Rome
The Conversion of Saul
The Conversion of Saul
circa 1542–1545
Fresco
625 cm × 661 cm (246 in × 260 in)
Cappella Paolina, Vatican Palace, Rome
The Martyrdom of St Peter
The Crucifixion of St. Peter
circa 1546–1550
Fresco
625 cm × 662 cm (246 in × 261 in)
Cappella Paolina, Vatican Palace, Rome

Architecture[badlo | edit source]

Image Building City Notes
Chapel of Leo X
Castel Sant'Angelo
1514-1515
Rome
Michelangelo, modello per la facciata di san lorenzo, 1518 ca. 01.JPG
Plan for facade
Basilica of San Lorenzo
1516–1520
Florence Unexecuted
San Lorenzo Sagrestia Nuova Firenze.JPG
New Sacristy (Medici Chapel)
Basilica of San Lorenzo
1520–1534
Florence
Biblioteca medicea laurenziana interno 01.JPG
Laurentian Library
Basilica of San Lorenzo
1523–1559
Florence
City fortifications
1528–1529
Florence
Campidoglio Roma.jpg
Piazza del Campidoglio complex
Capitoline Hill
Rome
Palazzo Farnese
Palazzo Farnese
1546
Rome
St. Peter's Basilica
St. Peter's Basilica
1546–1564
Rome
San Giovanni dei Fiorentini
1559–1560
Rome
Sforza Chapel
Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore
c. 1560
Rome
RomaPortaPiaFacciataInterna.jpg
Porta Pia
1561–1565
Rome
3223 - Roma - Santa Maria degli Angeli - Interno - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto 17-June-2007.jpg
Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri
1561–
Rome


Chhapa ke galley[badlo | edit source]

Aur dekho[badlo | edit source]

Renaissance ke time ke aur painter jon ki Michelangelo se taluk rahaa:

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Wikimedia Commons me iske baare me chhaapa hae:


References[badlo | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Web Gallery of Art, image collection, virtual museum, searchable database of European fine arts (1100–1850)". www.wga.hu. http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/bio/m/michelan/biograph.html. Retrieved 13 June 2008.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 J. de Tolnay, The Youth of Michelangelo, 11
  3. 3.0 3.1 C. Clément, Michelangelo, 5
  4. 4.0 4.1 A. Condivi, The Life of Michelangelo, 9
  5. R. Liebert, Michelangelo: A Psychoanalytic Study of his Life and Images, 59
  6. "Michelangelo". NNDB. http://www.nndb.com/people/977/000024905/. Retrieved 2011-03-18.
  7. New attribution, disputed. Previously attributed to Ghiberti
  8. Underwent six different phases, in 1505, 1513, 1516, 1525–1526, 1532 and 1542
  9. also known as Dusk and Dawn
  10. Unfinished
  11. The attribution of this work to Michelangelo is disputed.
  12. Earliest Known Painting by Michelangelo Acquired By the Kimbell Art Museum, Kimbell Art Museum, 2009-05-13, retrieved 2009-05-13
  13. Provenance details at https://www.kimbellart.org/Collections/Collections-Detail.aspx?P=&TypeID=&Focus=&cid=8666&prov=true&cons=false#prov
  14. Budd, Denise, "Michaelangelo's first painting" [exhibition review], The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2010. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Michelangelo%27s+First+Painting.-a0240916107
  15. http://www.artbible.info/art/large/508.html