Ludwig Wittgenstein

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Western Philosophy
20th-century philosophy

Name

Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein

Birth

26 April 1889
Vienna, Austria-Hungary

Death

April 29, 1951 (aged 62)
Cambridge, United Kingdom

School/tradition

Analytic philosophy, Postanalytic philosophy

Main interests

Metaphysics, Epistemology, Logic, Philosophy of language, Philosophy of mathematics, Philosophy of mind

Influences

Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, Arthur Schopenhauer, George Edward Moore, Piero Sraffa, Frank P. Ramsey

Influenced

Bertrand Russell, G. E. M. Anscombe, Norman Malcolm, Rush Rhees, D.Z. Phillips, P.M.S. Hacker, Vienna Circle, Logical Positivism, Analytic Philosophy, Ordinary language philosophy

Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (IPA: luːtvɪç ˈjoːzɛf ˈjoːhan ˈvɪtgənʃtaɪn German bhasa me) (26 April 188929 April 1951) ek Austrian philosopher rahaa. Uu jaada kar ke kaam basics of logic, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of mind, aur the philosophy of language me karis hae.[1] Uske twentieth century ke philospher logan me se ek khaas philosopher maana jaawe hae.

62 saal ke umar me uske maut se pahile,[2] khaali ek buk jon ki Wittgenstein publiss karis rahaa the Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus rahaa. Uske duusar buk, Philosophical Investigations ke uske maut ke baad chapa gais rahaa. Ii duuno buk ke analytic philosophy me khaas buk maana jaawe hae.[3]

Jindagi[badlo | edit source]

Ludwig Wittgenstein ke janam Vienna me 26 April 1889me, Karl aur Leopoldine Wittgenstein se bhaes rahaa. Uu aath larrkan me se ek rahaa aur Austro-Hungarian empire ke ek sab se dhani palwaar me paida bhaes rahaa. Uske pitaji ke mai-baap, Hermann Christian aur Fanny Wittgenstein, ek Jewish palwaar me paeda bhaen rahaa lekin Protestantism me concert hoe gain rahaa, aur 1850s me Saxony se Vienna jaae ke baab Viennese Protestant professional classes me mil gae rahin. Ludwig ke pitaji, Karl Wittgenstein, ek industrialist ban ke iron and steel me dher paisa banais. Ludwig ke maiya Leopoldine, jiske janam ke naam Kalmus rahaa, Nobel Prize laureate Friedrich von Hayek ke aunty rahii. Karl ke Protestant bane ke bawajuut,aur uske baap ke Jewish hoe ke bawajuut bhi, Wittgenstein ke larrkan ke Roman Catholics baptized karaa gais rahaa — jon ki uske naani ke dharam rahaar — Ludwig ke mare ke baad uske Roman Catholic burial dewa gais rahaa.[4]

Notes and references[badlo | edit source]

  1. "Time 100: Scientists and Thinkers". Time Magazine Online. http://www.time.com/time/time100/scientist/.
  2. Give Him Genius or Give Him Death. Article by Anthony Kenny, New York Times
  3. Wittgenstein’s Significance, article by Mark J. Cain, Philosophy Now 2001
  4. Ludwig Wittgenstein at the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Bibliography[badlo | edit source]

Kaam[badlo | edit source]

Khaas buk[badlo | edit source]

  • Logisch-Philosophische Abhandlung, Annalen der Naturphilosophie, 14 (1921)
  • Philosophische Untersuchungen (1953)
    • Philosophical Investigations, translated by G.E.M. Anscombe (1953)

Duusra websites[badlo | edit source]

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