Karl Marx

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Western Philosophy
19th-century philosophy
Karl Marx 001.jpg
Karl Marx

Name

Karl Heinrich Marx

Birth

May 5, 1818
Trier, Prussia

Death

March 14, 1883 (aged 64)
London, United Kingdom

School/tradition

Marxism

Main interests

Politics, Economics, class struggle

Notable ideas

Co-founder of Marxism (with Engels), Marx's theory of alienation and exploitation of the worker, The Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital, Historical materialism

Influences

Kant, Epicurus, Hegel, Feuerbach, Stirner, Smith, Ricardo, Rousseau, Goethe, Fourier, Comte

Influenced

Bakunin, Luxemburg, Lenin, Stalin, Trotsky, Mao, Castro, Guevara, György Lukács, Antonio Gramsci, Hannah Arendt, Jean-Paul Sartre, Guy Debord, Frankfurt School, Antonio Negri, Michael Taussig, Kim, Roy, Bookchin

Karl Heinrich Marx (5 May 181814 March 1883) ek German thinker aur political thinker rahaa jon ki paisa (economics) aur (politics) ke baare me likis rahaa. Marx ii sochat rahaa ki agar ek jagha majduri ke uppar chale hae tab huan pe class struggle sab time rahi. Marx sochat rahaa ki class struggle se majduur logan raaj kare sake hae. Uske sab se famous book rahaa Communist Manifesto. Uu iske Friedrich Engels ke saathe 1848 me likhis rahaa. Ii book me Communism ke idea aur aim ke likha gais hae. Ii idea ke Marxism bola jaawe hae.

Uske sab se important kaam Das Kapit, nai to "Capital", jiske tiin hissa me baata gais hae. Isme uu likhis hae ki capitalism kaise chale hae aur kaisan bawal ii create kare hae.

Marx ke sab se popular theory ke "Materialism" bola jaawe hae, jisme uu batais hae ki religion, morality, social structures aur dher chij economics me rooted hae.

Karl Marx ke janam Germany me 1818 me bhais rahaa, lekin uske dher dafe duusra des jaawe k parra kahe ki sarkar uske bichar se kusi nai rahaa.

Marx, London me bahut din talak rahaa, jahan pe uu 1883 me maraa. Uske mare ke baad, uske friend, Engels uske dher book ke khalaas karis.


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