Henri Matisse

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Henri Matisse
Portrait of Henri Matisse 1933 May 20.jpg
Photo of Henri Matisse by Carl Van Vechten, 1933.
Birth name Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse
Born 31 December 1869
Le Cateau-Cambrésis, Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Died 3 November 1954
Nice, France
Nationality French
Field painting, printmaking, sculpture, drawing, collage
Training Académie Julian, William-Adolphe Bouguereau, Gustave Moreau
Movement Fauvism, Modernism
Works [Woman with a Hat (Madame Matisse), 1905

in museums:

  • Museum of Modern Art
Patrons Gertrude Stein, Etta Cone, Claribel Cone, Michael and Sarah Stein, Albert C. Barnes
Influenced by John Peter Russell, Cézanne, Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, Paul Signac

Henri Matisse (31 December 18693 November 1954) France ke ek artist rahaa. Uu jaada rang kaam me laawat rahaa aur drawings, sculptures, aur paintings banais rahaa.

Bajpan ke din aur parhai[badlo | edit source]

Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse ke janam Le Cateau-Cambrésis, Nord, France me bhais rahaa, lekin Bohain-en-Vermandois, Picardie, France me aapan bajpan ke din kaatis, jahan pe usle palwaar ke ek business rahaa. Henri sab se barra larrka rahaa. 1887 me uu Paris jaae ke wakiili parrhis aur pass kare ke baad Le Cateau-Cambrésis me ek court administrator ke kaam karis. 1889 me uu pahila dafe paint kare ke suruu karis, jab uske maiya use khatir art supplies kharidis, jab uu appendicitis se recover karat rahaa. Uu ek rakam ke "swarag" dekhis, jaise uu baad me batais,[1] aur ii decide karis ki uu ek artist bani, jisse uske pitaji khush nai rahaa.[2] 1891 me uu Paris laut ke Académie Julian me parhe lagaa aur William-Adolphe Bouguereau aur Gustave Moreau ke student banaa. Suruu me uu still-lifes aur landscapes traditional Flemish style me paint karis, jisme uu kaafi aage hoe gais. Chardin, Matisse ke taarif kare waala ek khaas painter rahaa. Jab uu ek art ke student rahaa tab uu chaar Chardin paintings ke Louvre me copy banais.[3] 1896 me uu paanch paintings ke Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts ke salon me dekhais, aur sarkar isme se dui ke khariid liis.[4] 1897 aur 1898 me uu, John Peter Russell ke lage Belle Île me gais, jon ki uske Impressionism ke paint kare ke sikhais. Matisse ke style puura badal gais aur uu baad me batais ki "Russell uske guru raha aur Russell uske colour theory samjhais."

Matisse ke kaam ke suchi[badlo | edit source]

Paintings[badlo | edit source]

Painting Name French name Year Technique Dimensions City Gallery Notes
100px Woman Reading 1894 Oil on canvas Paris Musée National d'Art Moderne
100px Gustave Moreau's Studio 1894-5 Oil on canvas 65 × 81 cm Private collection
100px The Maid 1896 Oil on canvas 90 × 74 cm Private collection
Dinner Table 1897 Oil on canvas Private collection
100px Blue Pot and Lemon c. 1897 Oil on canvas 39 × 46.5 cm St. Petersburg The Hermitage Museum
100px Vase of Sunflowers 1898 Oil on canvas 46 × 38 cm St. Petersburg The Hermitage Museum
100px Landscape, the Pink Wall Le Mur Rose 1898 Oil on canvas Private collection
100px Fruit and Coffee-Pot 1899 Oil on canvas 38.5 × 46.5 cm St. Petersburg The Hermitage Museum
100px Study of a Nude 1899 Oil on canvas 65.5 × 60 cm Tokyo Bridgestone Museum of Art
Still Life with Oranges II 1899 Oil on canvas 46.7 × 55.2 cm Saint Louis, Missouri Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum
100px Crockery on a Table 1900 Oil on canvas 97 × 82 cm St. Petersburg The Hermitage Museum
Male Nude 1900 Oil on canvas New York City The Museum of Modern Art
Self Portrait 1900 Oil on canvas 64 × 54 cm Private collection
Standing Model 1900-01 Oil on canvas 73 × 54 cm London Tate Gallery
100px Dishes and Fruit 1901 Oil on canvas 51 × 61.5 cm St. Petersburg The Hermitage Museum
The Japanese 1901 Oil on canvas 116.8 × 80 cm Private collection
100px The Luxembourg Gardens 1901-02 Oil on canvas 59.5 × 81.5 cm St. Petersburg The Hermitage Museum
Nude with a White Wash Towel 1902-03 Oil on canvas 81 × 59.5 cm New York City Gifford Phillips Collection
Studio under the Eaves 1903 Oil on canvas Cambridge, United Kingdom Fitzwilliam Museum
Study for Luxury, Calm, and Desire 1904 Oil on canvas 32.2 × 40.5 cm New York City The Museum of Modern Art
100px Luxury, Calm, and Desire Luxe, Calme, et Volupté 1904 Oil on canvas Paris Centre Georges Pompidou
100px Still Life with Vase, Bottle and Fruit 1903-6 Oil on canvas 73 × 92 cm St. Petersburg The Hermitage Museum
100px A Glimpse of Notre-Dame in the Late Afternoon Notre-Dame, une fin d'après-midi 1902 Oil on canvas 72.5 × 54.5 cm Buffalo, New York Albright-Knox Art Gallery
Pastoral (painting) 1905 46 × 55 cm. Paris Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris
100px The Green Stripe La Raie Verte 1905 Oil and tempera on canvas 40.50 × 32.5 cm Copenhagen Statens Museum for Kunst
100px The Open Window 1905 Oil on canvas 55.3 × 46 cm Washington, D.C. National Gallery of Art
Woman with a Hat La femme au chapeau 1905 Oil on canvas 79.4 × 59.7 cm San Francisco San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
100px View of Collioure Les toits de Collioure 1905 Oil on canvas 59.5 × 73 cm St. Petersburg Hermitage Museum
100px Landscape at Collioure 1905 Oil on canvas 38.8 × 46.6 cm New York City The Museum of Modern Art
View of Collioure (The Tower) 1905 Oil on canvas 32.9 × 41.3 cm Private collection
Portrait of Andre Derain 1905 Oil on canvas 39.5 × 29 cm London Tate Gallery
Interior at Collioure 1906 Oil on canvas 60 × 78 cm Private collection
100px The Joy of Life Le bonheur de vivre 1905-6 Oil on canvas 175 × 241 cm Merion, Pennsylvania Barnes Foundation
100px The Young Sailor I 1906 Oil on canvas 99 × 77.5 cm Private collection
100px The Young Sailor II 1906 Oil on canvas 101.6 × 81.9 cm New York City Metropolitan Museum of Art
100px Self-Portrait in a Striped T-shirt 1906 Oil on canvas 30 × 23 cm Copenhagen Statens Museum for Kunst
100px The Red Madras Headress Madras Rouge 1907 Oil on canvas 99.4 × 80.5 cm Merion, Pennsylvania Barnes Foundation
100px Blue Nude (Souvenir de Biskra) Nu bleu: Souvenir de Biskra 1907 Oil on canvas 92 × 140 cm Baltimore Baltimore Museum of Art
The Dessert: Harmony in Red (The Red Room) 1908 Oil on canvas 180 × 220 cm St. Petersburg The Hermitage
100px Game of Bowls 1908 Oil on canvas 115 × 147 cm St. Petersburg The Hermitage
100px Bathers with a Turtle 1908 Oil on canvas 179 × 220 cm St. Louis, Missouri Saint Louis Art Museum
Portrait of Greta Moll Portrait de Greta Moll 1908 Oil on canvas 93 × 73.5 cm London Tate Modern
100px Dance (I) La Danse (I) 1909 Oil on canvas 260 × 390 cm New York City The Museum of Modern Art
100px Dance La Danse 1910 Oil on canvas 260 × 391 cm St Petersburg The Hermitage
Music La Musique 1910 Oil on canvas 260 × 389 cm St Petersburg The Hermitage
100px Still Life with Geraniums 1910 Oil on canvas 180 × 220 cm Munich Pinakothek der Moderne
100px The Red Studio L'Atelier Rouge 1911 Oil on canvas 162 × 130 cm New York City The Museum of Modern Art
100px The Conversation 1908-12 Oil on canvas 177 × 85⅜ cm St. Petersburg The Hermitage
100px Zorah on the Terrace 1912 Oil on canvas 116 × 100 cm. Moscow Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts
100px Le Rifain assis 1912 - 13 Oil on canvas 200 × 160 cm. Merion, Pennsylvania Barnes Foundation
100px Window at Tangier 1912 Oil on canvas Moscow Pushkin Museum
100px Woman on a High Stool Femme au tabouret 1914 Oil on canvas 147 × 95.5 cm New York City The Museum of Modern Art
100px French Window at Collioure Porte-fenêtre à Collioure 1914 Oil on canvas 46 × 35½ in Paris Centre Pompidou
100px View of Notre-Dame Une vue de Notre-Dame 1914 Oil on canvas 147.3 × 94.3 cm New York City The Museum of Modern Art
100px The Yellow Curtain Le rideau jaune 1915 Oil on canvas 146 × 97 cm New York City The Museum of Modern Art
The Window 1916 Oil on canvas Detroit Detroit Institute of Arts
100px Laurette in a Green Robe Laurette sur fond noir, robe verte 1916 Oil on canvas 73 × 54.3 cm New York City Metropolitan Museum of Art
La leçon de musique 1917 Oil on canvas
100px The Painter and His Model 1917 Oil on canvas
Intérieur à Nice 1920 Oil on canvas
File:Odalisque with Arms Raised.jpg[5] Odalisque with Raised Arms Odalisque assise aux bras levés, fauteuil rayé vert 1923 Oil on canvas 68 × 64 cm Washington, D.C. National Gallery of Art
Yellow Odalisque 1926 Oil on canvas Ottawa National Gallery of Canada
The Dance II 1932 Mural 45 × 15 ft Merion, Pennsylvania Barnes Foundation
Interior with Dog Interior avec un Chien 1934 Oil on canvas Baltimore Baltimore Museum of Art
Robe violette et Anémones 1937 Oil on canvas
File:Woman in a Purple Coat.jpg Woman in a Purple Coat 1937 Oil on canvas 81 × 65.2 cm Houston, Texas Museum of Fine Arts
The Dream of 1940 Le Rêve de 1940 1940 Oil on canvas
La Blouse Roumaine 1940 Oil on canvas
File:Henri Matisse Annelies.jpg Annelies, White Tulips and Anemones 1944 Oil on canvas 60 × 73 cm Honolulu Honolulu Academy of Arts
File:LAsie.jpg Asia L'Asie 1946 Oil on canvas 116 × 81 cm Private collection
File:Deux Fillettes.jpg Two Girls in a Yellow and Red Interior Deux fillettes, fond jaune et rouge 1947 Oil on canvas 61 × 49.8 cm Merion, Pennsylvania Barnes Foundation
File:The Plum Blossoms.jpg The Plum Blossoms 1948 Oil on canvas 115.9 × 88.9 cm New York City The Museum of Modern Art

Sculptures[badlo | edit source]

Many of Matisse's sculptures were modeled in clay and later cast in bronze, a process which allows for multiple copies to be made. Because of that, many of these works exist in multiple copies and are in the collections of multiple museums.

Work Name French name Year Technique Height City Gallery Notes
The Serf 1900–1904 Bronze 92.3 cm New York City The Museum of Modern Art [6]
Madeleine I Madeleine I 1901 Bronze 59.7 cm Minneapolis Minneapolis Institute of Arts [7]
Madeleine II Madeleine II 1903 Bronze 59.1 cm New York City Metropolitan Museum of Art [8]
(Image) The Back I 1908-09 Bronze New York City The Museum of Modern Art
Study of a foot c. 1909 Bronze 30 cm St. Petersburg Hermitage [9]
(Image) The Back II 1913 Bronze New York City The Museum of Modern Art
(Image) The Back III 1916 Bronze New York City The Museum of Modern Art
Henriette II Henriette II 1927 Bronze 32.1 cm Ottawa National Gallery of Canada [10]
Henriette III Henriette III 1929 Bronze 40 cm St. Petersburg The Hermitage [11]
(Image) The Back IV c. 1931 Bronze New York City The Museum of Modern Art

Works on paper[badlo | edit source]

Work Name French name Year Technique Dimensions City Gallery Notes
Magnolia c. 1900 Pen and ink on paper 20.9 × 25.7 cm Private Collection
Still Life Nature morte 1900 Brush and ink on paper 19.5 × 23 cm Musée Matisse
(Image) The Knife Thrower Le Lanceur De Couteaux 1947 Collage/Decoupage/Paper-cut Houston Menil Collection
(Image) Beasts of the Sea 1950 Paper collage on canvas 295.5 × 154 cm Washington, D.C. National Gallery of Art
(Image) Black Leaf on Green Background 1952 Gouache decoupage Houston Menil Collection
(Image) Blue Nude II 1952 Gouache-painted paper cut-outs

stuck to paper mounted on canvas

116.2 × 88.9 cm Paris Centre Pompidou
(Image) The Black Woman La Négresse 1952/3 gouache découpée 55.3 × 46 cm Paris Centre Pompidou
(Image) The Sorrows of the King 1952 Gouache 292 × 386 cm Paris Centre Pompidou
(Image) The Snail L'Escargot 1953 Gouache 287 × 288 cm London Tate Gallery
(Image) The Boat Le Bateau 1953 Gouache 13.84 × 10.33 cm New York City The Museum of Modern Art


Duusra websites[badlo | edit source]


References[badlo | edit source]

  1. Leymarie, Jean; Read, Herbert; Lieberman, William S.(1966), Henri Matisse, UCLA Art Council, p.9.
  2. Bärbel Küster. "Arbeiten und auf niemanden hören." Süddeutsche Zeitung, 6 July 2007.
  3. The Unknown Matisse: A Life of Henri Matisse, the Early Years, 1869-1908, Hilary Spurling p.86 accessed online 15 July 2007
  4. Henri and Pierre Matisse, Cosmopolis, No 2, January 1999
  5. Images created during and after 1923 are not under the protection of United States Copyright law and are used under a provision of Fair Use, which requires the number of pages upon which the image is displayed to be limited.
  6. Entry on the MoMA's website Retrieved 15 February 2009
  7. Entry on the MIA's website Retrieved 15 February 2009
  8. "Henri Matisse: Madeleine, II (2002.456.115)". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/mati/ho_2002.456.115.htm (October 2006) Retrieved 15 February 2009
  9. Entry on the website of the Hermitage. Retrieved 15 February 2009
  10. Entry on Cybermuse Retrieved 15 February 2009
  11. Entry on the Website of the Hermitage Retrieved 15 February 2009