Beijing

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Municipality of Beijing
北京市
Forbidden City
Forbidden City
Location of the Municipality of Beijing within China
Location of the Municipality of Beijing within China
Coordinates:
Country People's Republic of China
Settled 473 BC
Government
 - Type Municipality
 - CPC Ctte Secretary Liu Qi
 - Mayor Guo Jinlong
Area (ranked 29th)
 - City 16,801.25 km²  (6,487 sq mi)
Elevation 43.5 m  (ft143 foot)
Population (2007)
 - City 17,430,000
 - Metro 11,940,000
 - Density rank (4th)
  (26th)
Time zone China Standard Time (UTC+8)
Postal code 100000 - 102629
Area code(s) 10
Website: www.beijing.gov.cn
Forbidden City, Ming aur Qing Dynasties me China ke emporer ke ghar rahaa.

Beijing (Chinese: 北京 /Běijīng/), People's Republic of China ke capital city hai. Iske pahile naam Peking rahaa. Ii China ke north eastern part me hai. Iske population lag bhag 15 million hai. 2008 me hian pe Olympic Games bhais rahaa.

Jin dynasty ke time se ii ek capital city rahaa. Ii city ke dher historic site hai jaise ki Summer Palace, the Temple of Heaven, aur Great Wall of China.

Beijing ke naam ke matlab Chinese bhasa me "the northern capital" hai. Iske counterpart Nanjing rahaa, "the southern capital", Ming Dynasty ke time.

Beijing ke 14 urban aur suburban districts aur dui rural counties me baata gais hae.[1] Beijing ek khaas transportation hub hae, aur dher railway, rasta aur motorway city me se pass hoe hae. Dher international flights bhi hian pe teminate hoe hae. Beijing, china ke political, educational aur |cultural center hae. [2] while Hong Kong and Shanghai predominate in economic fields.[3][4][5] The city hosted the 2008 Olympic Games.

Itihaas[badlo | edit source]

Purana itihaas[badlo | edit source]

Beijing me insaan ke sab se pahile rahe ke sabuut Dragon Bone Hill ke gufa, jon ki Zhoukoudian gaon, Fangshan District ke lage hae, jahan pe Peking Man rahat rahaa. Ii gufaa ke Homo erectus fossils 230,000 se 250,000 saal purana hae. Paleolithic homo sapiens 27,000 saal pahile talak jinda rahin.[6] 1st millennium BC talak Beijing ke lage her siti rahaa, aur Ji (薊/蓟), jon ki Yan ke capital rahaa, Warring States Period (473–221 BC), ek taagatwar des rahaa.[7]

Yan dynasty ke khalaas hoe ke baad, Qin, Han, aur Jin dynasties ii jagha pe rahaa.[8] Han dynasty ke gire ke time, ispe warlord Gongsun Zan raj karat raha. Tang Dynasty ke time, ii Fanyang jiedushi ke heaquarters rahaa, jon ki northern Hebei ilaka ke military governor rahaa. An Shi Rebellion AD 755 me suruu bhais rahaa.

Chapa ke gallery[badlo | edit source]


Bahaari jorr[badlo | edit source]


References[badlo | edit source]

  1. Figures based on 2006 statistics published in 2007 National Statistical Yearbook of China and available online at 2006年中国乡村人口数 中国人口与发展研究中心. Retrieved 21 April 2009.
  2. Template:Cite encyclopedia
  3. "Hong Kong and Shanghai as Twin Engines for China's Economic Development, says TDC Executive Director". Hong Kong Trade Development Council. 18 December 1996. http://info.hktdc.com/tdcnews/9612/96121801.htm. Retrieved 3 October 2008.
  4. "Hong Kong and Shanghai vie to be China's financial center". International Herald Tribune. 15 January 2007. Archived from the original on 15 January 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070115150701/http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/01/15/business/hong.php. Retrieved 3 October 2008.
  5. "Hong Kong and Shanghai Duel for Financial Capital", New York Times, 16 January 2007. Retrieved on 3 October 2008.
  6. "The Peking Man World Heritage Site at Zhoukoudian". http://www.unesco.org/ext/field/beijing/whc/pkm-site.htm.
  7. "Beijing's History". China Internet Information Center. http://china.org.cn/english/features/beijing/30785.htm. Retrieved 1 May 2008.
  8. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named hist
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