Alan Turing

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Alan Turing

Alan Mathison Turing ([[23 June], 1912 - 7 June 1954) ek English mathematician aur computer scientist rahaa.

Uu pahila admii rahaa jon ki modern digital computer me kaam karis rahaa, aur pahila admii rahaa jon ki computer ke duusra chij kare ke khatir sochis rahaa. Uu logan ke batais ki computers dher rakam ke programs chalae sake hae. 1936 me Turing Turing machine ke idea ke introduce karis. Ii ek imaginary machine rahaa jon ki ek set of commands ke run karat rahaa.

Turing Turing test ke baare me bhi sochis rahaa.

Second World War ke time, Turing ek khaas admii rahaa jon ki German cipher ke turre ke kosis karis. Uske cryptanalysis ke kaaran se uu duuno Enigma machine aur Lorenz SZ 40/42 (a teletype cipher attachment codenamed "Tunny" by the British),ke break karis aur kuchh time talak Hut 8, jon ki German naval signals ke sunat rahaa, ke head rahaa.

Alan Turing ek gay admii rahaa aur uske iske khatir convist karaa gais rahaa. Uske "chemical castration" kare ke parra aur iske effect ke dui saal talak sahe ke baad uu 1954 me suicide kar liis.