Ukrainian bhasa

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Ukrainian
Українська мова Ukrayins'ka mova
Spoken in Ukraine Date founded 2009
Total speakers 35-37 million
Language family Indo-European
Writing system Cyrillic (Ukrainian alphabet)
Ukrainian Braille
Official status
Official language in
Recognised minority language in
Regulated by National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine: Institute for the Ukrainian Language, Ukrainian language-informatical fund, Potebnya Institute of Language Studies
Language codes
ISO 639-1 uk
ISO 639-2 ukr
ISO 639-3 ukr
Linguasphere 53-AAA-ed < 53-AAA-e
(varieties: 53-AAA-eda to 53-AAA-edq)
Percentage of people in Ukrainian regions who speak Ukrainian as their native language (for 2001)

Ukrainian bhasa (Ukrainian: українська (мова), transliteration: ukrajins'ka mova) ek Eastern slavic bhasa hae. Ii bhasa Indo-European ke family ke hae.

Ukrainian duusra sab se jaada kaam me laae waala Slavic bhasa hae. Ii Ukraine ke official bhasa hae, jahaan pe 35 million log ii bhasa me baat kare hae. speakers in Ukraine. Dunia bhar me 50 million se jaada log ii bhasa me baat kare hae.

Ukrainian bhasa ke Cyrillic alphabet me likha jaae hae.


Alphabet[badlo | edit source]

Ukrainian alphabet with transliteration and German transcription:

Capital letter(HTML-Entity) Small letter(HTML-Entity) Academic
transliteration
English
transcription
German
transcription
А (&#1040;) а (&#1072;) A a A a A a
Б (&#1041;) б (&#1073;) B b B b B b
В (&#1042;) в (&#1074;) V v V v W w
Г (&#1043;) г (&#1075;) H h H h H h
Ґ (&#1168;) ґ (&#1169;) G g G g G g
Д (&#1044;) д (&#1076;) D d D d D d
Е (&#1045;) е (&#1077;) E e E e E e
Є (&#1028;) є (&#1108;) Je je Ye ye Je je
Ж (&#1046;) ж (&#1078;) Ž ž Zh zh Sch (Sh) sch (sh)
З (&#1047;) з (&#1079;) Z z Z z S s
И (&#1048;) и (&#1080;) Y y Y y Y y
І (&#1030;) і (&#1110;) I i I i I i
Ї (&#1031;) ї (&#1111;) Ji ji Yi yi Ji ji
Й (&#1049;) й (&#1081;) J j 1 Y y J j
К (&#1050;) к (&#1082;) K k K k (instead ks x) K k (instead ks x)
Л (&#1051;) л (&#1083;) L l L l L l
М (&#1052;) м (&#1084;) M m M m M m
Н (&#1053;) н (&#1085;) N n N n N n
О (&#1054;) о (&#1086;) O o O o O o
П (&#1055;) п (&#1087;) P p P p P p
Р (&#1056;) р (&#1088;) R r R r R r
С (&#1057;) с (&#1089;) S s S s S s (between vowels ss)
Т (&#1058;) т (&#1090;) T t T t T t
У (&#1059;) у (&#1091;) U u U u U u
Ф (&#1060;) ф (&#1092;) F f F f F f
Х (&#1061;) х (&#1093;) Ch ch Kh, kh Ch ch
Ц (&#1062;) ц (&#1094;) C c Ts ts Z z
Ч (&#1063;) ч (&#1095;) Č č Ch ch Tsch tsch
Ш (&#1064;) ш (&#1096;) Š š Sh sh Sch sch
Щ (&#1065;) щ (&#1097;) Šč šč Shch shch Schtsch schtsch (Stsch stsch)
Ь (&#1068;) ь (&#1100;) ’ (apostrophe) before vowel j 2 ’ (apostrophe) before vowel y (Soft sign) (–) bzw. j
Ю (&#1070;) ю (&#1102;) Ju Ju Yu yu Ju ju
Я (&#1071;) я (&#1103;) Ja ja Ya ya Ja ja
’ (apostrophe)3 (–) (–)

Notes[badlo | edit source]

1only before o
2only after consonants; a capital letter does not exist; the soft sign ь is not a letter representing a sound, but modifies the sound of the preceding letter, indicating palatalisation ('softening').
3an apostrophe (’) is used to mark de-palatalization of the preceding consonant.

References[badlo | edit source]