Kālidāsa

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Kālidāsa
Kalidas smarak.jpg
Kalidas Smarak
Janam
India
Pen name Kālidāsa
Kaam Poet
Nationality Indian

Kālidās (Devanāgarī: कालिदास), Sanskrit me Meghadoot, Shākuntal, aur dher book likis rahaa. Iske jagah Sanskrit me wahi rakam hae jaise ki Shakespeare, English me hae.[1]

Kālidās's play aur kavita Hindu dharam aur Hindu sanskriti pe based hae. Ii master of imagination rahaa.

Jindagi[badlo | edit source]

Iske jindagi ke baare me bahut kuch nai jaana jaae hae lekin ii koi time 130 BC aur 600 CE ke biich me jinda rahaa.

Kālidās, aapan lekh me koi raja ke naam nai likis hae.[2]

Kaam[badlo | edit source]

Plays[badlo | edit source]

Kālidās, tiimn play likis hae: Mālawikāgnimitra ("Mālavikā aur Agnimitra"), Abhijñānashākuntala ("Shakuntala ke pehchaan"), and Vikramorwasheeya ("Vikram aur Urwashi ke baare me"). Abhijñānashākuntala, jiske ek bahut achchhaa play maana jaae hae ke sab se pahile English aur German me translate karaa gais rahaa.

Mālawikāgnimitra, Raja Agnimitra ke baare me khissa batae hae, jon ki ek gulam larrki, Mālavikā ke chapa se pyaar kare lagaa. Jab rani ke iske baare me pataa laga tab uu bahut gussae gais aur hukum diis ki uu larrki ke jahel bhej dewa jaae, lekin ii pata chalaa ki asli me larrki ek princess hae aur uske raaji hoe ke parraa.

Abhijñānashākuntala, Raja, Dushyanta ke baare me khissa hae, jon ki jangal me Shakuntalā ke mile hae. Dushyanta aur Shakuntalā pyar kare lage hae aur saadi kar le hae. Dushyanta, Shakuntalā ke saathe jangal me rahe lage hae lekin uske rajdhani me ek bahut jaruri kaam se balawa jaae hae. Aakhri me duno sukhi se rahe lage hae.

Vikramōrwasheeya, uppar duuno play se jaada mystical hae.

Kavita[badlo | edit source]

Kālidās, dui achchhaa kavita, Raghuvamsha ("Raghu ke Raj") aur Kumārasambhawa ("Kumar Kartikeya ke Janam"), aur Meghadoota ("Badal ke Messenger") aur Rutusamhāra ("Mausam ke baare me") likhis hae.

Kuch historian log Kālidās ke niche lakha gais kaam khatir credit kare hae , lekin gyani log ii maane hae ki ii sab duusra log hae jiske naam bhi Kālidās hae:

  • ShrungaraTilaka
  • ShrungaraRasāshta
  • SetuKāwya
  • KarpuraManjari
  • PushpabānaWilāsa
  • ShyāmalaDandaka
  • PrashnottaraMālā
  • JyotirWiddyābharana

Notes[badlo | edit source]

  1. There have been a few other authors in Sanskrit of lesser statures having the same name, Kālidās; the authors of Nalodaya and Shrutibodha were two among them.
  2. But some historians think he was a poet-dramatist at the court of a king named Vikramāditya. There were, however, several kings in ancient India who had assumed the name Vikramāditya. One among them was the famous Chandragupta II Vikramāditya of the Gupta dynasty, who had assumed the throne of Magadh around 378 CE.

Aur parrho[badlo | edit source]

  • K.D. Sethna. Problems of Ancient India, p. 79-120 (chapter: "The Time of Kalidasa"), 2000 New Delhi: Aditya Prakashan. ISBN 81-7742-026-7 (about the dating of Kalidasa)

Bahaari jorr[badlo | edit source]