James Clerk Maxwell

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James Clerk Maxwell
James Clerk Maxwell (1831–1879)
James Clerk Maxwell (1831–1879)
Born 13 June 1831(1831-06-13)
Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Died 5 November 1879 (aged 48)
Cambridge, England, UK
Nationality British
Ethnicity Scottish
Alma mater University of Edinburgh, UK
University of Cambridge, UK
Known for Maxwell's equations
Maxwell distribution
Maxwell's demon
Maxwell's discs
Maxwell speed distribution
Maxwell's theorem
Maxwell material
Generalized Maxwell Model
Displacement current
Religion Evangelical anti-positivist

James Clerk Maxwell (janam 13 June 1831 Edinburgh me – maut 5 November 1879) ek Scottish mathematician, physicist aur Maxwell's equations ke paawe waala rahaa.

Maxwell ke dhani dharmic palwaar me paeda bhais rahaa. 1845me, jab uu khaali 14 saal ke rahaa, uu ek paper likhis rahaa jisme uu ek nawaa rakam ke mathematical curves ke draw kare ke system ke suruu karis. 1847 me uu University of Edinburgh me mathematics parrhe ke suruu karis. 1850 me Maxwellbadal ke University of Cambridge ke Trinity College me bharti hoe gais. Uu university me aapan kaam ke khatir dher prize jiitis aur 1854 me graduate bhais. 1855 se 1872talak uu colour blindness ke khatir reseach karis.

1856 me Maxwell professor of 'Natural Philosophy', Marischal College, Aberdeen me banae dewa gais rahaa. Uu huan pe 1860 talak kaam karis aur iske baad King's College London me professor banaa. 1861 me Maxwell ke Royal Society ke member banawa gais. 1871 me uu Cavendish Professor of Physics at Cambridge banaa.

Uu dher chij study karis rahaa lekin uske electromagnetism aur gas ke uppar research khatir jaana jaawe hae.

Maxwell ke maut 1879 me cancer se bhais rahaa.

Publications[badlo | edit source]

  • Maxwell, James Clerk, "On the Description of Oval Curves, and those having a plurality of Focus (geometry)|Foci". Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Vol. ii. 1846.
  • Maxwell, James Clerk, "Illustrations of the Dynamical Theory of Gases". 1860.
  • Maxwell, James Clerk, "On Physical Lines of Force". 1861.
  • Maxwell, James Clerk, "A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field". 1865.
  • Maxwell, James Clerk, "On Governors".From the Proceedings of the Royal Society, No.100. 1868.
  • Maxwell, James Clerk, "Theory of Heat". 1871.
  • Maxwell, James Clerk, "A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism". Clarendon Press, Oxford. 1873.
  • Maxwell, James Clerk, "Molecules". Nature, September, 1873.
  • Maxwell, James Clerk, "Matter and Motion", 1876.
  • Maxwell, James Clerk, "On the Results of Bernoulli's Theory of Gases as Applied to their Internal Friction, their Diffusion, and their Conductivity for Heat".
  • Maxwell, James Clerk, "Ether", Encyclopedia Britannica, Ninth Edition (1875-89).
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