Fiji ke House of Representatives

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House of Representatives Fiji ke Parliament ke lower house hai. Iske lage duusra house, Senate se jaada taagat hai kahe ki khali ii house nawaa legislation ke suruu kare sake hai jab ke Senate khali legislation ke badle nai ti roke sake hai. House of Representatives ke lage paisa waala bill ke uppar jaada tagat hai kahe ki Senate iske badle nai sake hai lekin iske veto kare sake hai. Constitution ke badlao ke chorr ke, jispe Senate ke pass puura taagat hai, House of Representatives koi Senate ke veto ke override kare sake hai wahi bill ke ek aur dafe pass kar ke, uu parliamentary session me jon ke bill Senate veto karis rahaa ke immediaetly baad waal session me, lekin chhe mhina se pahile.

Prime Minister aur Cabinet ke lage, office me rahe khatir, sab time House of Representatives ke support rahe ke chaahi.

History[badlo | edit source]

10 October 1970 ke, jab Fiji, United Kingdom se ajaad bhais tab House of Representatives banawa gais rahaa, lekin ek grandfather clause ke niche purana Legislative Council, 1972 talak, jab ajaad Fiji ke pahila election bhais rahaa, chaalu rahaa. Pahila House of Representatives me 52 member rahin, lekin iske 1992 me barrhae ke 70 kar dewa gais aur 1997 ke constitution me iske aur barrhae ke 71 karaa gais.

Electoral system[badlo | edit source]

Ajaadi ke baad Fiji me tiin different electoral system rahaa. 1972 se 1987 talak, Fiji ke communal aur national constituencies me baata gais rahaa. Communal constituencies me voter log ke aapan jaat ke roll me register hoe ke parrat rahaa jisme (12 Kaiviti, 12 Fiji ke Hindustani, aur 3 General Electors - Goraa, Chaina, aur duusra minorities rahin. Iske alawa 10 Kaiviti, 10 Hindustani aur 5 Genenral constituency rahaa, jiske National Consituency bolaa jawat rahaa, aur jisme kale khali ek jaat ke log kharraa hoe sakat rahin lekin koi bhi vote kare sakat rahaa.

1992 aur 1994 ke election me 70 members ke khali communal constituencies rahaa jisme se 37 Kaiviti, 27 Hindustani aur 5 General electors rahin.

1997 ke constitution ek nawa system ke suruu karis, ek 71-member House of Representatives ke khatir. 25 member Open constituencies me se commonroll ke niche chuna gais. aur 46 kecommunal constituencies se chuna gais jisme se , 23 seats Kaiviti log ke khatir, 19 seat Hindustani log ke khatir, 3 seat General electors log ke katir aur 1 seat Rotumaa log ke khatir reserve karaa gais.

Organization[badlo | edit source]

Election ke baad ke pahila baithak me Speaker aur Deputy Speaker ke chuna jaae hai. Speaker, House ke member nai rahe hai lekin Deputy member ahe hai.

2006 ke election[badlo | edit source]

Parties Votes  % Seats +/-
Soqosoqo Duavata ni Lewenivanua (SDL) 342,352 44.59 36 +2
Fiji Labour Party (FLP) 300,797 39.18 31 +4
National Federation Party (NFP) 47,615 6.20 0 -1
National Alliance Party of Fiji (NAPF) 22,504 2.93 0
United Peoples Party (UPP) 6,474 0.84 2 +1
Party of National Unity (PANU) 6,226 0.81 0
Nationalist Vanua Tako Lavo Party (NVTLP) 3,657 0.48 0
Soqosoqo ni Vakavulewa ni Taukei (SVT) 238 0.03 0
National Democratic Party (NDP) 123 0.02 0
Party of Truth (POTT) 51 0.01 0
Social Liberal Multicultural Party (SLM) 49 0.01 0
Coalition of Independent Nationals (COIN) 20 0.00 0
Justice and Freedom Party (JFP) 18 0.00 0
Independents 37,571 4.89 2
New Labour Unity Party Didn't contest 0 -2
Total 767,695 71 71
Source: Elections Office of Fiji. The former Conservative Alliance, with six seats merged into the SDL. SDL got two seats less then SDL and CA together.

Speaker and Deputy Speaker[badlo | edit source]

Office Incumbent
Speaker Pita Nacuva [1]
Deputy Speaker Niko Nawaikula [2]
[1] The Speaker is not allowed to be a member of the House.

[2] The Deputy Speaker is required to be a member of the House. The current Deputy Speaker, Niko Nawaikula, represents the Cakaudrove West Fijian Communal Constituency for the Soqosoqo Duavata ni Lewenivanua (SDL) Party.

Open Electorates[badlo | edit source]

Electorate Member of Parliament Political Party
Ba Mahendra Chaudhry FLP
Bua Macuata West Ratu Josefa Dimuri Soqosoqo Duavata ni Lewenivanua
Cakaudrove West Ratu Osea Vakalalabure SDL
Cunningham Rajesh Singh SDL
Labasa Poseci Bune Fiji Labour Party
Lami Mere Samisoni SDL
Lau Taveuni Rotuma Colonel Savenaca Draunidalo Fiji Labour Party
Laucala Losena T. Salabula SDL
Lautoka City Daniel Urai Manufolau Fiji Labour Party
Lomaivuna Namosi Kadavu Ted Young SDL
Macuata East Agni Deo Singh Fiji Labour Party
Magodro Gyan Singh Fiji Labour Party
Nadi Amjad Ali Fiji Labour Party
Nadroga Mesulame Rakuro SDL
Nasinu Rewa Azim Hussein Fiji Labour Party
Nausori Naitasiri Asaeli Masilaca SDL
Ra George Shiu Raj SDL
Samabula Tamavua Monica Raghwan Fiji Labour Party
Serua Navosa Jone Navakamocea SDL
Suva City Misaele Weleilakeba SDL
Tailevu North Ovalau Josefa Bole Vosanibola SDL
Tailevu South Lomaiviti Adi Asenaca Coboiverata Caucau-Filipe SDL
Tavua Damodran Nair Fiji Labour Party
Vuda Felix Anthony Fiji Labour Party
Yasawa Nawaka Adi Sivia Qoro Fiji Labour Party

Communal Electorates (Fijian)[badlo | edit source]

Electorate Member of Parliament Political Party
Ba East Paulo Ralulu SDL
Ba West Ratu Meli Q. Saukuru SDL
Bua Mitieli Bulanauca SDL
Cakaudrove East Ratu Naiqama Lalabalavu SDL
Cakaudrove West Niko Nawaikula SDL
Kadavu Konisi T. Yabaki SDL
Lau Laisenia Qarase SDL
Lomaiviti Simione Kaitani SDL
Macuata Isireli Leweniqila SDL
Nadroga Navosa Ratu Isikeli Tasere SDL
Naitasiri Ilaitia Bulidiri Tuisese SDL
Namosi Ro Suliano Matanitobua SDL
Nasinu Urban Inoke Luveni SDL
North East Urban Nanise Nagusuca SDL
North West Urban Joji N. Banuve SDL
Ra Tomasi Vuetilovoni SDL
Rewa Ro Teimumu Vuikaba Kepa SDL
Serua Pio Tabaiwalu SDL
South West Urban Ratu Jone Kubuabola SDL
Suva City Urban Mataiasi V. Ragiagia SDL
Tailevu North Samisoni Tikoinasau SDL
Tailevu South Irami Matairavula SDL
Tamavua Laucala Urban Ratu Jone Wagairatu SDL

Communal Electorates (Indo-Fijian)[badlo | edit source]

Electorate Member of Parliament Political Party
Ba East Jain Kumar Fiji Labour Party
Ba West Narendra K. Padarath FLP
Labasa Kamlesh Reddy FLP
Labasa Rural Mohammed Tahir FLP
Laucala Dewan Chand FLP
Lautoka City Jai Gawander FLP
Lautoka Rural Udit Narayan FLP
Macuata East Cakaudrove Vijay Chand FLP
Nadi Rural Perumal Mupnar FLP
Nadi Urban Dr. Gunasagaran Gounder FLP
Nadroga Lekh Ram Vayeshnoi FLP
Nasinu Krishna Datt FLP
Suva City Gyani Nand FLP
Tailevu Rewa Ragho Nand FLP
Tavua Anand Babla FLP
Vanua Levu West Surendra Lal FLP
Viti Levu South Kadavu Chaitanya Lakshman FLP
Viti Levu East Maritime Sanjeet Chand Maharaj FLP
Vuda Vyas Deo Sharma FLP

Communal Electorate (Rotuman)[badlo | edit source]

Electorate Member of Parliament Political Party
Rotuma Jioji (George) Konrote Independent

Communal Electorates (General Electors)[badlo | edit source]

Electorate Member of Parliament Political Party
North Eastern Robin Irwin Independent
Suva City Bernadette Rounds Ganilau UPP
West Central Mick Beddoes United Peoples Party (Fiji)

External links[badlo | edit source]