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* '''Known passengers:'''
* '''Other information:'''
'''Leonidas''' (jiske naam Sparta ke raja se aais rahaa) pahila jahaaj rahaa jisme girmitya logan ke India se Fiji lawa gais rahaa. Isse pahile ii jahaaj West Indies me girmitya lo ke laijae ke khatir use karaa jawat rahaa. Leonidas 3 March 1879 ke Calcutta chorris aur 72 din baad, 14 May, me Levuka pahuchis. Jahaaj me kul jorr 498 passenger rahin jisme se 273 admi, 146 aurat aur 79 larrkan rahin.
== Jahaaj me haeja aur maata ke bemaari ==
Jab Leonidas ke Calcutta chorre khali tiin din bhais rahaa tab kuch girmitya log ke haeja (cholera) aur kuch ke maata (smallpox) pakarr lis. Surgeon Superintendent ke kosis ke bawajuut satrah log mar gain. Jab ki Levuka me quarantine station mahi rahaa tab jahaaj ke duur anchor kara gae aur khana aur chitthi ke fumigate kar ke boat se lwawa jaat raha
[edit]== Quarantine at Sea==
Yanuca Lailai ke quarantine station banawa gais. Huan par khali 350 jane ke khatir ghar rahaa. Che roj me aur bure banaae ke girmitya log ke ii island me lawa gae. Hian par bhi panrah aur log ke maut dysentery, diarrhoea aur typhoid se bhais. 9 August 1879 ke girmitya logan ke quarantine se chhorra gae.
[edit] Cholera and Smallpox abroad the Ship
A total of 498 passengers made up of 273 men, 146 women and 79 children, less than twelve years of age, had embarked on the ship in Calcutta. While only three days out to sea there was an outbreak of cholera and smallpox abroad the ship. Despite efforts by the Surgeon Superintendent to isolate the infected passengers, 17 died before the ship arrived in Levuka, after a journey of 72 days. Since there was no quarantine facility in Levuka, it was decided to anchor the ship some distance from Levuka on the leeward side. While attempting to reach the selected anchorage point, the ship went aground on a reef. The gravity of the situation was all too vivid in the minds of the Government officials as only four years earlier a measles epidemic had wiped out 40,000 Fijians. Fortunately at high tide the ship floated off the reef and was safely anchored.
[edit] Quarantine at Sea
The Chief Medical Officer of the Colony, Dr McGregor, devised an ingenious method of effectively preventing the infection reaching the shore, during the process of sending stores, letters, etc, to the ship. A stage was erected on the outer reef using trestles of hardwood, with a moving platform. Stores necessary to the ship were placed on this platform at low tide and taken off by the ships boat. All letters were placed in a carbolic acid bottle, and were fumigated before delivery. At high tide this was cleaned by the sea.
[edit] Temporary Quarantine Station
Yanuca Lailai was chosen as a quarantine station but houses on it could accommodate only 350 people. Within days extra bures (Fijian houses) were constructed and the ship's passengers transferred to the island. Armed guards were placed in the narrow passage between Levuka and Yanuca Lailai, to prevent contact with the new arrivals. On several occasions warning shots had to be fired to prevent seamen trying to return to the Leonidas after dropping off their passengers. Fifteen more of the new arrivals died on the island due to dysentery, diarrhoea and typhoid, leaving only 463 survivors, before they were released from the island on 9 August 1879.
[[en:Leonidas (ship)]]


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