Wikipedia:IPA for Thai and Lao

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Thai and Lao pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

Consonants
IPA Thai Lao English equivalent
b abash
d ฎ,ด ado
f ฝ,ฟ ຝ,ຟ food
h ห,ฮ ຫ,ຮ head
j ญ,ย,อย,หย yak
k scan
ข,ฃ,ค,ฅ,ฆ ຂ,ຄ can
l ล,ฬ,หล ລ,ຫຼ leaf
m ม,หม ມ,ໝ much
n ณ,น,หน ນ,ໜ not
ŋ ง,หง ງ,ຫງ bang
ɲ ຍ,ຫຍ canyon (Lao only)
p span
ผ,พ,ภ ຜ,ພ pan
r ร,หร ຣ,ຫຼ ,ຫຣ trilled r
s ซ,ศ,ษ,ส ສ,ຊ sue
t ฏ,ต stable
ฐ,ฑ,ฒ,ถ,ท,ธ ຖ,ທ table
catch
tɕʰ ฉ, ช, ฌ choose
w ว,หว ວ,ຫວ way, quick
ʔ อ, ะ the catch in uh-oh
 
Tone
IPA Description
= āː mid [aː˧]
àː low [aː˨˩]
âː falling [aː˥˩] (Thai), high falling [aː˥˧] (Lao)
a̭ː low falling [aː˧˩] (Lao only)
áː high [aː˦˥]
ǎː mid rising [aː˨˦]
Vowels
IPA Thai[1] Lao English equivalent
Short vowels
a ◌ะ, ั◌ ◌ະ, ັ◌ far
e เ◌ะ, เั◌ ເ◌ະ, ເັ◌ let
ɛ แ◌ะ, แั◌ ແ◌ະ, ແັ◌ mat
i feet
o โ◌ะ ໂ◌ະ, ົ◌ boat
ɔ เ◌าะ lot
u book
ɯ luck
ɤ เ◌อะ, เิ◌ ເິະ, ເິ◌ hut
Long vowels
◌า ◌າ bra
เ◌ ເ◌ plain
ɛː แ◌ ແ◌ pan
green
โ◌ ໂ◌ home
ɔː ◌อ ໍ, ◌ອ lawn
moon
ɯː lure
ɤː เ◌อ ເີ fur
Diphthongs[2]
เียะ ເັຽະ
iːə เีย ເັຽ beer
ัวะ ົວະ
uːə ัว ົວ poor
ɯə เือะ ເຶອະ
ɯːə เือ ເຶອ pure

Notes[source ke badlo]

  1. Vowels diacritics are shown on a dotted circle "◌".
  2. More diphthongs occur in the pattern /Vw/ or /Vj/: /aj, aːj, aw, aːw, iw, uj, uːj, ew, eːw, ɛːw, ɤːj, oːj, ɔːj, iow, uɛj, ɯɛj/.