Spanish bhasa

Wikipedia se
Hian jaao: navigation, khojo
Spanish, Castilian
Español, castellano
Pronunciation [espaˈɲol], [kasteˈʎano]
Spoken in (see below)
Native speakers Pahila bhasa 329[1] million to 400[2][3][4] million.
500 million as first or second language.[5]  (date missing)
Language family
Writing system Latin (Spanish variant)
Official status
Official language in 21 countries, United Nations, European Union, Organisation of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States, Union of South American Nations, Central American Integration System, African Union, Caricom, World Trade Organization, North American Free Trade Agreement, Andean Community of Nations, Mercosur, Inter-American Development Bank, Latin Union, Antarctic Treaty.
Regulated by Association of Spanish Language Academies (Real Academia Española and 21 other national Spanish language academies)
Language codes
ISO 639-1 es
ISO 639-2 spa
ISO 639-3 spa
Linguasphere 51-AAA-b
[[File:
Map-Hispanophone World.png
  Countries where Spanish has official status.
  States of the U.S. where Spanish has no official status but is spoken by 25% or more of the abaadi.
  States of the U.S. where Spanish has no official status but is spoken by 10-20% of the abaadi.
  States of the U.S. where Spanish has no official status but is spoken by 5-9.9% of the abaadi.
|300px]]

Spanish language, ek Romance bhasa hae, jon ki Latin se aais hae, me se sab se common bhasa hae. Spanish bhasa ke dunia ke dher des me bola jaae hae. Iske khaas kaaran hae ke Spanish log bahut pahile dher colony establsh karin rahha. Uu des jisme Spanish official language hae ke Hispanic country bola jaae hae

Kuchh Hispanic des hae:

North America, Central America, aur Caribbean Islands: Costa Rica, Cuba, The Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, aur El Salvador. United States aur Belize, me jaada log English bhasa me baat kare hae, lekin Spanish duusra bhasa hae.

South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela.

Duniake aur jagha: Philippines, aaur Equatorial Guinea.

Spain me aur bhasa hae jon ki Spanish se closely related hae, jaise ki Catalan aur Galician. Spanish bhasa ke kabhi kabhi Castilian bola jaae hae, Castile ke baad me, jon ki Spain ke ek region hae.

Spanish me Spanish sabd hae "Español", aur Spanish sabd for Castilian hae "Castellano".

Spanish bhasa me ginti[badlo | source ke badlo]

Number Spanish me Number Fiji Hindi me
uno ek
dos dui
tres tiin
cuatro chaar
cinco paanch
seis chhe
siete saat
ocho aath
nueve nau
diez das

[6]

Geographic distribution[badlo | source ke badlo]

Spanish is recognised as one of the official languages of the United Nations, the European Union, the Organization of American States, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the African Union, the Union of South American Nations, the Latin Union, and the Caricom and has legal status in the North American Free Trade Agreement.

Country Population [7] Spanish as a native language speakers[8] Bilingual and as a second language speakers (in countries where Spanish is official)[9] or as a foreign language (where it is not official)[10] Spanish speakers as percentage of abaadi[11] Total number of Spanish speakers
 Mexico 112,336,538 [12] 103,540,587 [13] 7,110,903 98.5% [11] 110,651,490
 United States 307,006,550 [14] 35,468,501 [15] 14,531,499 16.3% 50,000,000[16][17]
 Spain 47,150,819 [18] 41,964,229 [19] 4,620,780 98.8% [11] 46,585,009
 Colombia 46,010,000 [20] 45,563,703 78,217 99.2% [11] 45,641,920
 Argentina 40,900,496 [21] 39,608,040 1,047,053 99.4% [11] 40,655,093
 Venezuela 29,243,000[22] 28,213,646 678,438 98.8% [11] 28,892,084
 Peru 29,797,694 [23] 23,769,621 2,035,183 86.6% [11] 25,804,803
 Chile 17,248,450 [24] 15,513,256 1,614,455 99.3% [11] 17,127,711
 Ecuador 14,306,000 [25] 13,298,858 735,328 98.1% [11] 14,034,186
 Guatemala 14,361,666 [26] 9,291,998 3,116,482 86.4% [11] 12,408,479
 Cuba 11,235,863 [27] 11,235,863 99.4% [11] 11,168,448
 Dominican Republic 10,225,000 [27] 10,120,705 63,395 99.6% [11] 10,184,100
 Bolivia 10,426,154 [28] 4,350,834 4,813,755 87.9% [11] 9,164,589
 Honduras 8,215,313 [29] 7,981,998 151,162 99.0% [11] 8,133,160
 El Salvador 6,183,002 [30] 6,183,002 99.7% [11] 6,164,453
 France 64,057,790 440,106 [31] 5,721,380 9.6% 6,161,486 [9]
 Nicaragua 5,822,000 [27] 5,088,428 558,912 97.0% [11] 5,647,340
 Morocco 31,759,997[32] 20,000 [33] 5,480,000 17.32% 5,500,000[34][35]
 Brazil 190,732,694 [36] 448,689 [37] 5,000,000[38] 2.86% 5,448,689
 Costa Rica 4,615,646 [39] 4,488,716 90,005 99.2% [11] 4,578,721
 Paraguay 6,460,000 369,000 4,043,555 69.5% [11] 4,489,700
 Puerto Rico 3,998,000 [27] 3,802,098 [40] 147,926 98.8% [11] 3,950,024
 United Kingdom 60,943,912 107,654 [41] 3,814,846 6.4% 3,922,500 [9]
 Uruguay 3,372,000 [27] 3,257,352 77,556 98.9% [11] 3,334,908
 Panama 3,508,000 [27] 2,694,144 571,804 93.1% [11] 3,265,948
 Philippines 96,061,683 2,660 [42] 3,014,115 3.1% 3,016,773 [43]
 Germany 82,369,548 140,000 [44] 2,566,972 3.2% 2,706,972 [9]
 Italy 58,145,321 89,905 [45] 1,968,320 3.5% 2,058,225 [9]
 Equatorial Guinea 1,153,915 [46] n.a. 1,044,293 90.5% [11][47] 1,044,293
 Canada 33,212,696 909,000 [48] 92,853 [10] 3% 1,001,853
 Portugal 10,676,910 9,744 727,282 6.9% 737,026 [9]
 Netherlands 16,645,313 19,978 [49] 662,116 4.1% 682,094 [9]
 Belgium 10,403,951 85,990 [50] 515,939 5.8% 601,929 [9]
 Romania 22,246,862 544,531 2.4% 544,531 [9]
 Sweden 9,045,389 101,472 [51] 442,601 6% 544,073 [9]
 Australia 21,007,310 106,517 [52] 374,571 [53] 2.3% 481,088 [10]
 Poland 38,500,696 316,104 0.8% 316,104 [9]
 Austria 8,205,533 267,177 3.3% 267,177 [9]
 Ivory Coast 20,179,602 235,806 [10] 1.2% 235,806
 Algeria 33,769,669 223,000 [54] 0.7% 223,379
 Denmark 5,484,723 219,003 4% 219,003 [9]
 Israel 7,112,359 130,000 [55] 45,231 2.5% 175,231 [56]
 Switzerland 7,581,520 123,000 [57] 14,420 1.7% [58] 137,420
 Japan 127,288,419 76,565 [59] 60,000 [10] 0.1% 136,565
 Bulgaria 7,262,675 133,910 1.8% 133,910 [9]
 Belize 301,270 106,795 [60] 21,848 42.7% 128,643 [60]
 Netherlands Antilles 223,652 10,699 114,835 56.1% 125,534
 Ireland 4,156,119 123,591 3% 123,591 [9]
 Senegal 12,853,259 101,455 [10] 0.8% 101,455
 Greece 10,722,816 86,742 0.8% 86,742 [9]
 Finland 5,244,749 85,586 1.6% 85,586 [9]
 Hungary 9,930,915 85,034 0.9% 85,034 [9]
 Aruba 100,018 6,800 68,602 75.3% 75,402
 Croatia 4,491,543 73,656 1.6% 73,656 [9]
 Andorra 84,484 29,907 [61] 25,356 68.7% [62] 58,040
 Slovakia 5,455,407 43,164 0.8% 43,164 [9]
 Norway 4,644,457 12,573 23,677 0.8% 36,250 [9]
 Russia 140,702,094 3,320 20,000 [63] 0.01% 23,320
 New Zealand 4,173,460 21,645 [64] 0.5% 21,645
 Guam 154,805 19,092 12.3% 19,092 [65]
Template:Country data United States Virgin Islands US Virgin Islands 108,612 16,788 15.5% 16,788
 China 1,345,751,000 2,292[66] 12,835 [10] 0.001124% 15,127
 Lithuania 3,565,205 13,943 0.4% 13,943 [9]
 Gibraltar 27,967 13,857 49.5% 13,857
 Cyprus 792,604 1.4% 11,044 [9]
 Turkey 71,892,807 380 8,000 [67] 0.01% 8,380
 Jamaica 2,804,322 8,000 0.3% 8,000
 Luxembourg 486,006 3,000 4,344 1.5% 7,344 [9]
 Malta 403,532 6,458 1.6% 6,458 [9]
 Trinidad and Tobago 1,047,366 4,100 0.4% 4,100
 Western Sahara 513,000 [7] n.a.[68] n.a. n.a. n.a.
Total native speakers in the world + bilingual and as a second language where Spanish is official: 420,255,166 [2] 32,440,098 452,696,047 [69]
Total with Spanish speakers as a foreign language: 81,213,062 501,469,011 [5][70]

Hafta ke din[badlo | source ke badlo]

Fiji Hindi Spanish
Sombaar lunes
Mangar martes
Budh miércoles
Bif jueves
Suk viernes
Sanichar sábado
Etwaar domingo

[71]

References[badlo | source ke badlo]

  1. Spanish language total. Ethnologue. Retrieved 14 August 2009.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Demografía de la lengua española (page 38). 359.5 million people where Spanish is official and 40.5 where it is not official with native knowladges of Spanish, and another 40 million with limited knowladges. The figures of the census used are from 2000 to 2005.
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named congress
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named elcastellano
  5. 5.0 5.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Es2009
  6. Numbers in Million-Speaker Languages
  7. 7.0 7.1 "UN 2009 estimate" (PDF). http://www.un.org/esa/abaadi/publications/wpp2008/wpp2008_text_tables.pdf. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  8. Britannica Books of the years 2003 to 2009 es:Anexo:Hablantes de español como lengua materna en el 2003 (según el Britannica Book). Sources used by the Encyclopaedia Britannica (Ethnologue -14th edition, Joshua Project 2000 —People's List, U.S. Census Bureau.) Template:Verify credibility
  9. 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 9.11 9.12 9.13 9.14 9.15 9.16 9.17 9.18 9.19 9.20 9.21 9.22 9.23 9.24 eurobarometer (2006), es:Anexo:Hablantes de español en la U.E. según el Eurobarómetro (2006) for Europe countries
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 Spanish students for countries out of Europe according to Instituto Cervantes 06-07 (There aren't concrete sources about Spanish speakers as a second language except to Europe and Latin America countries).
  11. 11.00 11.01 11.02 11.03 11.04 11.05 11.06 11.07 11.08 11.09 11.10 11.11 11.12 11.13 11.14 11.15 11.16 11.17 11.18 11.19 11.20 11.21 Demografía de la lengua española (page 28) to countries with official spanish status.
  12. CONAPO (2010).
  13. cia.gov: Spanish only 92.7%
  14. Population figure for 2009 from U.S. Population in 1990, 2000, and 2009, U.S. Census Bureau
  15. Hispanics older than 5 years old (US Census Bureau 2009)
  16. Academia Norteamericana de la Lengua Española: elcastellano.org, José Ma. Ansón: noticias elcastellano.org, Jorge Ramos Avalos: univision.com, Elbio Rodríguez Barilari: congresosdelalengua.es , III Acta Internacional de la Lengua Española, nytimes.com (The United States is now the second-largest Spanish-speaking country in the world, with more Spanish speakers than Spain, and exceeded only by Mexico).
  17. There are 50,477,594 Hispanic people from a total US abaadi of more than 308 million according to the Census Bureau 2010. 35,468,501 Hispanics older than 5 speak Spanish at home, so there are 15 million posible Spanish speakers as a second language with differents knowladges. In addition, there are 6 (cervantes.es) or 7.8 (fundacionsiglo.com) million Spanish students in USA, many of them are not Hispanics. Finally, there are 9 million illegal Hispanics in USA, some of them aren't in the census (impre.com).
  18. "INE Datos básicos ... acceso directo (1/1/2010)". Ine.es. 2001-05-28. http://www.ine.es/. Retrieved 2011-02-05.
  19. 89.0% speak Spanish as a first language (eurobarometer (2006))
  20. "DANE". DANE. http://www.dane.gov.co/reloj/reloj_animado.php. Retrieved 2010-09-01.
  21. "SINTITUL-7" (PDF). Archived from the original on 2005-11-09. http://web.archive.org/web/20051109220415/http://www.indec.mecon.ar/nuevaweb/cuadros/2/proyecyestimaciones_1950-2015.pdf. Retrieved 2011-02-05.
  22. "(30 Aug., 2010)". INE. http://www.ine.gov.ve/. Retrieved 2010-07-01.
  23. Ezio Quispe Fernández. "(2011)". INEI. http://www.inei.gob.pe/. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  24. "INE (Chile - 2011)" (PDF). http://www.ine.cl/canales/chile_estadistico/demografia_y_vitales/proyecciones/Informes/Microsoft%20Word%20-%20InforP_T.pdf. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  25. "Ecuador en Cifras". INEC. http://www.ecuadorencifras.com/cifras-inec/main.html. Retrieved 2010-09-01.
  26. "Información Demógrafica 2010". INE. 2007-09-21. http://www.ine.gob.gt/index.php/demografia-y-poblacion/42-demografiaypoblacion/207-infodemo2010. Retrieved 2011-02-05.
  27. 27.0 27.1 27.2 27.3 27.4 27.5 "UN (2010)". Archived from the original on 2010-12-21. http://web.archive.org/web/20101221033803/http://www.one.cu/aec2009/datos/3.1.xls. Retrieved 2011-02-05.
  28. "(2010)". INE. http://www.ine.gov.bo/indice/visualizador.aspx?ah=PC20410.HTM. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  29. "INE (2011)". Archived from the original on 2011-05-19. http://web.archive.org/web/20110519232641/http://www.ine.gob.hn/drupal/sites/default/files/Resumen%20de%20la%20Proyeccion%20de%20Poblacion%20de%20Honduras%202001-2015_0.xls. Retrieved 2011-02-05.
  30. Census 2010 estimation (page 32)
  31. 1% of 44,010,619 (abaadi of France older than 15 years in 2005). Source: Eurobarometer 2006. There are 179,678 immigrants from Spain according to INE (1/1/2009)
  32. Morocco census
  33. "ethnologue.com". ethnologue.com. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=MA. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  34. there are between 4 and 7 million Spanish speakers in Morocco (Ammadi, 2002) educacion.es
  35. According to a survey made in 2005 by CIDOB (realinstitutoelcano.org, afapredesa.org). According to the Morocco Census of 2004, the Morocco abaadi is 29,680,069 (hcp.ma
  36. IBGE 2010
  37. 50% of 733,000 foreigners in Brazil are from Mercosur (Page 32 [1] + 82,189 spanish immigrants (INE (1/1/2010)).
  38. 2009 Annuary of the Instituto Cervantes: More than 5 million students are learning Spanish. elcastellano.org,elespectador.com, oei.org.co: Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, president of Brazil: Near 9 million students are learning Spanish and the forecast is 12 million in 2010. Instituto Cervantes: More than 1 million of spanish students in the private school and almost 11 million estimated for 2010 in the public school.
  39. "Primera variación del año registró un 0,68%". INEC. http://www.inec.go.cr/Web/Home/GeneradorPagina.aspx. Retrieved 2011-02-05.
  40. 95.10% of the abaadi speaks Spanish (U.S. Census Bureau)
  41. 59,017 immigrants from Spain (Spanish census 2001) + 48,637 immigrants from Colombia. Open Channels and Colombian consul (1999)
  42. Ethnologue. There are 2,532 immigrants from Spain according to INE (1/1/2009)
  43. 1,816,773 Spanish + 1,200,000 Spanish creole: Antonio Quilis "La lengua española en Filipinas", 1996 pag.234 cervantesvirtual.com, mepsyd.es (page 23), mepsyd.es (page 249), spanish-differences.com, aresprensa.com. The figure 2,900,000 Spanish speakers, we can find in "Pluricentric languages: differing norms in different nations" (page 45 by R.W.Thompson), or in sispain.org./ More than 2 million Spanish speakers and around 3 million with Chavacano speakers according to "Instituto Cervantes de Manila" (elcastellano.org)
  44. Britannica Book of the Year 1998 [2]. There are 103,063 immigrants from Spain according to INE (1/1/2009)
  45. "14,905 Spanish (Census 2001) + 75,000 from Ecuador". Mmrree.gov.ec. Archived from the original on June 11, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080611085532/http://www.mmrree.gov.ec/mre/documentos/novedades/boletines/ano2003/julio/bol257.htm. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  46. "Equatorial Guinea census (2009)". Population-statistics.com. http://www.abaadi-statistics.com/wg.php?x=&men=gpro&lng=es&dat=32&srt=pnan&col=dq&geo=-91. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  47. 13,7% of the abaadi speaks Spanish with native knowladge and other 74% as a second language cvc.cervantes.es.
  48. PMB Statistics 2006 mediaincanada.com (Spanish-speaking people over the age of 12). Although Canada Census told about 345,345 people who speaks Spanish in 2006, Hispanic organizations claim about 520,260 Hispanics in 2001, and more than 700,000 in 2006 (hispanosencanada.caTemplate:Fix/category[dead link], dialogos.ca), and currently there are near 1 million: (tlntv.com.
  49. Spanish (census 2001)
  50. 1% of 8,598,982 (abaadi of Belgium older than 15 years in 2005). Source: Eurobarometer 2006
  51. Sweden Census SCB (2002)
  52. Page 32 of the "Demogeafía de la lengua española"Template:Fix/category[dead link]. 104,000 according to Britannica Book of the Year 2003
  53. Page 32 of the Demografía de la lengua española "Demografía de la lengua española"
  54. Between 150,000 and 200,000 in Tinduf (aprendemas.com) + 48,000 in Wilaya of Oran (page 31 of Demografía de la lengua españolaTemplate:Fix/category[dead link])
  55. 50,000 sefardíes (Britannica Book of the Year 1998)[3] + 80,000 from Iberoamerica [4]
  56. Pages 34, 35 of the "Demografía de la lengua española"Template:Fix/category[dead link].
  57. Centro Virtual Cervantes. "Britannica Book of the Year 1998". Cvc.cervantes.es. http://cvc.cervantes.es/lengua/anuario/anuario_99/otero/p03.htm#7. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  58. "all-about-switzerland.info". all-about-switzerland.info. http://www.all-about-switzerland.info/swiss-abaadi-languages.html. Retrieved 2010-04-21.Template:Fix/category[dead link]
  59. "70,000 from Peru". publico.es. 2009-09-09. http://www.publico.es/250381/los-japoneses-latinos-se-sienten-discriminados. Retrieved 2011-02-05.
  60. 60.0 60.1 Page 32 of Demografía de la lengua españolaTemplate:Fix/category[dead link]
  61. 35.4% speak Spanish as a first language www.iea.ad
  62. "www.iea.ad". www.iea.ad. http://www.iea.ad/cres/observatori/temes/llengua3trimestre2005.htm. Retrieved 2010-04-21.
  63. "ANUARIO IC 2009" (PDF). http://www.cervantes.es/imagenes/File/prensa/anuario2009.pdf. Retrieved 2010-11-06.
  64. New Zealand census (2006)
  65. Page 34 of the Demografía de la Lengua Española
  66. Spanish residents in China (INE, 2009)
  67. Page 37 of the Demografía de la lengua españolaTemplate:Fix/category[dead link]
  68. The Spanish 1970 census claims 16.648 Spanish speakers in Western Sahara ( [5]) but probably most of them were people born in Spain who left after the Moroccan annexation
  69. 450 million Spanish speakers (I and IV International minutes of the Spanish language, and Instituto Cervantes). 460 million Spanish speakers (diariohoy.net, lne.es)
  70. In addition to 452,653,523 speakers with native knowledges, there are 14,531,499 speakers as a second language in USA. There are 18,922,281 speakers in the EU (es:Anexo:Hablantes de español en la U.E. según el Eurobarómetro (2006)), but 2,397,380 as a first language (page 37) are counted. There are 5,480,000 and 3,014,115 speakers as a secondary language in Morocco and Philippines. There are 18,000,000 students according to the Instituto Cervantes (es:Anexo:Estudiantes de español), but there are already counted 6,000,000 students from U.S. (cosidered into the 14,531,499 second language speakers), and already considered counted 3,385,000 students into the 18,922,281 speakers in the EU out of Spain , according to the Eurobarometer. Finally 58,382 and 20,492 students considered counted into the Morocco and Philippines speakers. There are a total of 8,536,126 students more to add, avoiding double accounting.
  71. Latin Days of the week

Duusra websites[badlo | source ke badlo]

Wikipedia
 Ii bhasa ke aapan Wikipedia  hai.
Spanish bhasa edition   ke dekho