Israel

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State of Israel

מדינת ישראל (Medīnat (Y)isra'el)
دولة إسرائيل (Dawlat Isrā'īl)

Flag Coat of arms
Jhanda Coat of arms
Des ke jaankari
Des ke motto: --
National anthem: Hatikvah
Log ke baare me
Official bhasa: Hebrew, Arabic
Population:
  - Total: {{{populationtotal}}}
Jagah
country map
Hian pe des ke dunia ke map me dekhawa jaawe hai.
Capital City: Jerusalem
Sab se barraa City: Jerusalem
Area
  - Total: 20,770 (ranked 150)
  - Water: n/a km² (2%)
Politics / Government
Established: 14 May 1948
Leader: President: Shimon Peres

Prime Minister: Benjamin Netanyahu

Economy / Money
Paisa ke naam: New Israeli sheqel (₪) (NIS)
International information
Time ke zone: +2 (DST: +3)
Telephone ke dialing code: +972
Internet domain: .co.il

Israel, Middle East ke ek des hae. Ii des ke jaada log Jewish hae lekin ek barraa , Arab minority bhi hae jon ki Muslims nai to Christians hae. I des ke 1917 ke Palestine Mandate se banawa gais rahaa, jab ki League of Nations ii jagah ke British ke niche kar diis rahaa.

Israel Mediterranean Sea ke east me hae. Iske borde, north me Lebanon aur Syria se, east me Jordan se, aur southwest me Egypt se hae. Israel, Gaza Strip aur West Bank ke bhi control kare hae.

Israel me rahe waale pahila log Canaanite rahin. 3000 saal pahile Saul, David aur Solomon ke kingdom rahaa. Jab Romans log Jerusalem ke Temple (of King Solomon) ke destroy kar diin rahaa tab jaada Jws log ke dusra des me rahe ke parraa rahaa.

1880s me ek movement, jiske Zionism bola jaae hae, suruu bhaes rahaa. Dunia bhar ke Jews log ii jagah mee aae ke base lagin, pahile Turkish aur baad me British Raj ke niche. World War II aur Holocaust me Europe ke 6 million Jews ke maut hoe gais.

Iske baad jaada number me Jews log Israel aawe lagin, khaas kar ke Europe aur Russia se aur ii logan huan ke Palestinian ke jamiin lae ke uu logan ke parrosi Arab des me khader diin.

14 May 1948, ke Israel(David Ben-Gurion ke niche) apne ke ajaad declare kar ke ek Jewish des banae liin.

Geography[badlo | edit source]

Israel ke border ke dher des recognice nai kare hae aur iske khatir dher larrai bahis hae. Iske jamiin south me desert hae aur west me flat plain hae. Biich me pahaarr hae. Hian ke mausam jaada kar ke garam rahe hae, lekin north me temperate hae. Jerusalem sab se barraa city aur capital haeaur Tel Aviv ek aur barraa city hae.

Politics[badlo | edit source]

Israel ek parliamentary democracy hae. Iske President, Shimon Peres aur Prime Minister, Ehud Olmert hae. Iske parliament ke Knesset bola jaae hae.

Demographics[badlo | edit source]

Comparison of the changes in percentages of the main religious group in Israel between the years 1949-2008

2010 me Israel ke population 8,134,100 million rahaa,[1] of whom 5,776,500 are Jews.[1][2][3][4] 2008 me Arab citizens of Israel des ke 20% ke population rahin.[5]

Pichhle kuchh decades me Romania, Thailand, China, Africa aur South America se dher logan aae ke Israel me basin hae. Dher log des illegally bhi rahe hae,[6] lekin ii anumaan lagawa jaae hae ki lagbhag 200,000 log des me illegally rahe hae.[7] Pichhle kuchh saal me lagbhag 16,000 African asylum seekersIsrael aain hae.[8]

1948 se bhaari taadat me log Israel base aain hae.[9] Israel se emigrate hoe waala log jaada kar ke USA aur Canada jaawe hae,[10] lekin sarkar ii emigration ke ek threat maane hae.[11][12]

2009 me 300,000 se jaada Israeli log West Bank settlements me rahat rahin [13], kuchh settlements me jaise Ma'ale Adumim aur Ariel me, aur kuchh city jon ki six-day war se pahile rahaa jaise ki Hebron aur Gush Etzion. 18,000 Israeli Golan Heights settlements me rahe hae.[14] 2006 me 250,000 Jews logan East Jerusalem me rahat rahin.[15] Puura milae ke Israeli settlers 500,000 (6.5% of the Israeli population) se jaada hae. Lagbhag 7,800 Israelis Gaza Strip me raht rahin, jab ki uu logan ke 2005 Israeli sarkar hian se hatais rahaa.[16]

Israel ke Jewish people ke hoeland ke khatir banawa gais rahaa aur ii des ke Jewish state bola jaawe hae. Des ke Law of Return sab Jews aur jon koi ke purwaj logan Jew rahin ke Israeli citizenship mile hae.[17] Lagbhag 75.5%, log Jews hae, jisme se 68% Israeli-born hae, 22% Europe aur Americas e migrant hae, aur 10% Asia aur Africa (jisme Arab World bhi hae) ke migrant hae.[18][19] Jews who left or fled Arab and Muslim lands and their descendants, known as Mizrahi Jews, constitute approximately 50% of Jewish Israelis.[20][21][22] Jews from Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union and their Israeli-born descendants, or Ashkenazi Jews, form most of the rest of the Jewish population.

Chapa ke gallery[badlo | edit source]

Duusra websites[badlo | edit source]

Map of Israel

References[badlo | edit source]

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  4. Israel at 62: Population of 7,587,000, Ynet, 18 April 2010, http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3877574,00.html
  5. Johnathan Marcus (2 May 2005), "Israeli Arabs: 'Unequal citizens'", BBC News, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/4493525.stm, retrieved 6 December 2007
  6. Israel: Crackdown on illegal migrants and visa violators. Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN). 14 July 2009
  7. Adriana Kemp, "Labour migration and racialisation: labour market mechanisms and labour migration control policies in Israel", Social Identities 10:2, 267–292, 2004
  8. Israel Struggles With African Refugee Dilemma[dead link], ABC News, 12 August 2009
  9. DellaPergola, Sergio (2000) [2000], Still Moving: Recent Jewish Migration in Comparative Perspective, Daniel J. Elazar and Morton Weinfeld eds., ed., ‘The Global Context of Migration to Israel’, New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers, pp. 13–60, ISBN 1-56000-428-2
  10. Herman, Pini (1 September 1983), "The Myth of the Israeli Expatriate", Moment Magazine 8 (8): 62–63
  11. Gould, Eric; Moav, Omer (July 2006). "Brain Drain From Israel (Brichat Mochot M'Yisrael)" (in Hebrew) (PDF). Jerusalem: Mercaz Shalem — The Shalem Center, The Social-Economic Institute. p. 26. Archived from the original on 2008-08-03. http://web.archive.org/web/20080803015957/http://www.shalem.org.il/Admin/FileServer/df4b061c96a6fbceb95026260cb4de8a.pdf. Retrieved 2010-10-12.
  12. Rettig, Haviv (6 April 2008), "Officials to US to bring Israelis home", Jerusalem Post, archived from the original on 2 June 2008, http://web.archive.org/web/20080602204820/http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?pagename=JPost/JPArticle/ShowFull&cid=1207238165607, retrieved 29 April 2008
  13. "Settlements in the West Bank", Settlement Information (Foundation for Middle East Peace), archived from the original on 24 February 2008, http://web.archive.org/web/20080224233451/http://www.fmep.org/settlement_info/stats_data/west_bank_settlements.html, retrieved 12 December 2007
  14. "Settlements in the Golan Heights", Settlement Information (Foundation for Middle East Peace), http://www.fmep.org/settlement_info/settlement-info-and-tables/stats-data/settlements-in-the-golan-heights, retrieved 12 December 2007
  15. "Settlements in East Jerusalem", Settlement Information (Foundation for Middle East Peace), archived from the original on 2008-04-20, http://web.archive.org/web/20080420070744/http://www.fmep.org/settlement_info/stats_data/east_jerusalem_settlements.html, retrieved 12 December 2007
  16. "Settlements in the Gaza Strip", Settlement Information (Foundation for Middle East Peace), http://www.fmep.org/settlement_info/settlement-info-and-tables/stats-data/settlements-in-the-gaza-strip-1, retrieved 12 December 2007
  17. The Law of Return, Knesset, http://www.knesset.gov.il/laws/special/eng/return.htm, retrieved 14 August 2007
  18. Central Bureau of Statistics, Government of Israel (PDF), Jews and others, by origin, continent of birth and period of immigration, http://www1.cbs.gov.il/shnaton56/st02_24.pdf, retrieved 8 April 2006
  19. Aharoni, Ada "The Forced Migration of Jews from Arab Countries", Historical Society of Jews from Egypt website. Retrieved 1 February 2009.
  20. "The myth of the Mizrahim", Guardian.co.uk, 3 April 2009
  21. Jacqueline Shields. "Jewish Refugees from Arab Countries". http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/jewref.html.
  22. "Missing Mizrahim". http://www.jewcy.com/post/missing_mizrahim.
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