Maha Sangh (Fiji)

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Akhil Fiji Krishak Maha Sangh Fiji ke ek gana ke kisan ke union rahaa, jiske 15 June 1941 ke A. D. Patel aur Swami Rudrananda suruu karis rahaa. Ii union uu time suruu karaa gais rahaa jab ki ek aur union, Kisan Sangh, ganna ke kisan khatir Colonial Sugar Refining Company se ek contract khatir agreement sign kar liis rahaa. Ii union ke member lag bhag sab Madrasi log rahin.

1943 ke harrtaal[badlo | edit source]

Maha Sangh ii batais ki 1940 ke ganna ke contract kisan khatir achchhaa nai hai aur 1943 me uske member log harrtaal kar diin. Ii harrtaal me Kisan Sangh ke uu member jon ki Ayodhia Prasad ke leadership se khush nai rahaa, bhi join hoe gain. Ii harrtaal se kisan log ke kuch nai mila lekin A. D. Patel Fiji ke kisan log ke nawaa neta banaa aur 1944 me Legislative Council election me North Western Indian Division ke seat jiit liis. Second World War ke biich me ii harrtaal ke se Kaiviti log khush nai rahin aur Hindustani aur Kaiviti log ke biich me relationship aur kharaab hoe gais.

Maha Sangh dui faction me split[badlo | edit source]

1940s aur 1950s me Maha Sangh, Kisan Sangh se ganna ke kisan ke support khatir mukabla karis, lekin Maha Sangh me bhi bhitri fuut hoe gais.

The Maha Sangh continued to compete with the Kisan Sangh for the support of farmers in the 1940s and 1950s but had its own share of internal divisions. When K.S. Reddy was nominated into the Legislative Council, the leader of the Maha Sangh, A.D. Patel, was for the first time faced with a possible challenge to his leadership, as Reddy was also based in Nadi, was a South Indian like most Maha Sangh supporters and held the powerful position of General Secretary of the union. Competition between the two reached a crisis on 31 March 1956, when at a meeting in Nadi, Reddy asked non-financial members to leave. Their refusal to leave led to police being called and tear gas used. K.S. Reddy later joined the Alliance Party while A.D. Patel had formed the Federation Party.

Negotiations for 1960 Contract[badlo | edit source]

In 1959, the Maha Sangh and four other cane farmers' unions formed an umbrella organisation known as the Federation of Cane Growers to negotiate with the Colonial Sugar Refining Company for the new cane contract. While negotiations were still in progress, the Kisan Sangh withdrew from the Federation and signed the contract offered by the sugar company, leaving the Maha Sangh as the dominant group within the Federation of Cane Growers.

See also[badlo | edit source]

References[badlo | edit source]

  • A.P. Sharma, Farmers Struggle in Fiji: a History of Fiji Kisan Sangh, Kisan Sangh, Lautoka, 1962
  • B. V. Lal, A vision for change: AD Patel and the politics of Fiji, Australian National University, ACT, 1997