Iran

Wikipedia se
Hian jaao: navigation, khojo
Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI)
جمهوری اسلامی ایران
Flag Coat of arms
Jhanda Coat of arms
Des ke jaankari
Des ke motto: n/a
National anthem: None
Log ke baare me
Official bhasa: Persian (Farsi)
Population:
  - Total: {{{populationtotal}}}
Jagah
country map
Hian pe des ke dunia ke map me dekhawa jaawe hai.
Capital City: Tehran
Sab se barraa City: Tehran
Area
  - Total: 1,648,195 (ranked 18)
  - Water: n/a km² (0.7%%)
Politics / Government
Established: Islamic Revolution
1 April 1979
Leader: Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei
President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Economy / Money
Paisa ke naam: Rial (IRR) = 100 Dinars
International information
Time ke zone: +03:30
Telephone ke dialing code: +98
Internet domain: .IR

Iran (Farsi:ايران), jiske ek dafe Persia bola jawat rahaa South Asia aur Greater Middle East ke ek des hae. Iske border Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, aur Turkmenistan se hae. Iske capital aur sab se barraa city Tehran hae. Iran dunia ke 18th sab se barraa des hae aur iske abaadi 70 million se jaada hae. ii dunia ke uu chaar des me se ek hae jiske Islamic Republic bola jaae hae, aur jiske Sharia kanuun se govern karaa jaae hae.

Itihaas[badlo | edit source]

Iran ke bahut din talak bahaar ke log Persia bolat rahin. 1935 me Reza Shāh Pahlavi, jon ki uu time shah rahaa, des ke naam badal ke Iran kar diis, kuch log soche hae ki Adolf Hitler ke khusi kare ke khatir.[1] Iran naam, Aryan se aae hae jiske matlab "Land of Aryans" hae. Zoroastrians, ke book me iske Avesta bolaa jaae hae.

500 BC me, abhi ke jon Iran hae Persian Empire ke center rahaa. Alexander the Great ii des ke capture kar liis rahaa aur iske baad Achaemenid dynasty Persia ke raaj karis. Iske baad Sassanian dynasty (AD 224-651) raaj karis.

Aur log bhi Persia ke occupy karin jaise ki Arabs (7th century), Turks (10th century) aur Mongols (13th century). Fir bhi Iran aapan culture ke jinda rakhis.

Safavid dynasty (1502-1736) Islam aur Shi'a Iran ke dharam banais lekin ii time talak Iran ke jaada log Islam ke maanat rahin. Iran ke aakhri raja Pahlavi dynasty kr rahaa jon ki 1925 se 1979 talak raaj karis, jab ek revolution ke baad Ayatollah Khomeini ek Islamic republic banais.

Chapa ke gallery[badlo | edit source]

Notes[badlo | edit source]

  1. Akbarzadeh, 2003

References[badlo | edit source]

  • Norton, K. (2002) "ARYAN". Rhetoric of Race Dictionary Project. College of New Jersey.
Commons-logo.svg
Wikimedia Commons me iske baare me chhaapa hae: